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LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES IALMC-OAS WORKSHOP Pablo Lazo Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator International.

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Presentation on theme: "LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES IALMC-OAS WORKSHOP Pablo Lazo Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator International."— Presentation transcript:

1 LABOR, INTEGRATION & INTERNATIONAL TRADE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS & TENDENCES IALMC-OAS WORKSHOP Pablo Lazo Labor and Civil Society Affairs Coordinator International Economic Relations Bureau Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Chile May11th, 2004

2 TRADE AND LABOR: MULTILATERAL DEVELOPPMENT Copenhagen World Summet on Social Developpment, 1995 WTO: Singapore Declaration, 1996 ILO: Declaration on principles and rights at work and its follow-up, 1998 OECD: Guidelines for multinationals

3 UNIVERSAL CONSENSUS Core labor standards ILO: competent body Labor standards should not be used with protectionist purposes It should not be questioned the comparative advantage of any country on the base of these instruments

4 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES Freedom of association and the right to form unions and bargain collectively Ban of forced labor Limitations of child labor Non discrimination

5 LABOR STANDARDS IN THE INTERNATIONAL FRAME GSP & OTHER UNILATERAL MECHANISMS NAALC MERCOSUR ALC CANADA-COSTA- RICA US-JORDAN ILO OECD OAS

6 FTAs. Vs. Integration processes: tendences NAALC CANADA-CHILE CANADA-COSTA-RICA US-JORDAN CHILE- US CAFTA-US MERCOSUR ANC CARICOM CASI

7 PROVISIONS Labor standards included Separate agreements/labor clauses Monetary contributions Cooperation Social actors participation Transparency

8 DEVELOPPING PROCESSES CAFTA-DR-US discussion for Congress approval Negotiations US-Panama Negotiations US/Peru, Ecuador, Colombia Negotiations US/Bolivia? FTAA Process

9 Why to incorporate labor standards in an FTA? Vision of Chile Request of unions and civil society Linkage between trade & labor: a reality(Freeman Study Harvard University) To avoid or diminish unilateralism (GSP & others) Political realism Principle with Chilean political consensus

10 SKILLS Capacity building: joint efforts/Integral policies/ S. dialogue Labor inspection/Labor Justice Education, permanent professional training Danger of exclusion Social protection Adapting labor markets: informal sector

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