Presentation on theme: "Our Journey towards AIDS Competence. Changes in life expectancy in selected African countries with high and low HIV prevalence: 1950 - 2005 with high."— Presentation transcript:
Changes in life expectancy in selected African countries with high and low HIV prevalence: 1950 - 2005 with high HIV prevalence: Zimbabwe South Africa Botswana with low HIV prevalence: Madagascar Senegal Mali Source: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2001) World Population Prospects, the 2000 Revision. 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 Life expectancy (years) 1950– 1955 1955- 1960 1960- 1965 1965- 1970 1970- 1975 1975- 1980 1980- 1985 1985- 1990 1990- 1995 1995- 2000 2000- 2005
Phayao, Thailand HIV seroprevalence among 21 year old men 199119921993199419951996 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 HIV Seroprevalence, % 200220001998
Uganda: trends in antenatal HIV prevalence at selected sentinel sites
what have we learnt? effective responses to HIV/AIDS are people-driven, not commodity driven service provision is required, but is no substitute to people driven responses progress hinges on local partnerships
people work work policy policy community personal family we are the subjects of the response to HIV/AIDS
Local Partnerships to HIV/AIDS – The Key for AIDS Competence LF: Local Facilitation Civil society LF Youth Clubs Traditional Leaders Women Groups Local Religious Leaders Teachers Nurses and doctors People living with HIV/AIDS Families Providers of servicesPeople of influence
country-wide AIDS progress horizontal sharing of AIDS- competence from community to community scaling-up of locally available services and financial resources facilitative, catalytic leadership
LFT Knowledge-sharing LFT UN CBOs Churches Business Government sectors NGOs Persons living with HIV/AIDS Civil society DFT DFT: District Facilitation Team.
Regional Partnerships National Partnerships Local Partnerships NFT Global Partnerships DFT GFT LFT DFT RFT District Partnerships GFT: Global Facilitation Team NGOs Foundations Business Religious leaders Persons living with HIV/AIDS Governments UN Donors
The Constellation for AIDS Competence Connecting local responses around the world Committed to the goal of AIDS Competence and Committed to HCD as a strategy Founded on December 8, 2004
Our vision and mission We envision a global society in which each element is pursuing AIDS competence. Our mission is to connect people involved in local responses to AIDS around the world for mutual support, learning and transformation. We are made of learning communities whose members support and learn from each other in their own journey towards AIDS competence. We cooperate with any other organisation which pursues a similar vision and approach to the resolution of global development challenges.
What makes us different? We see people primarily as the subjects of the response to AIDS, not as the targets of interventions. We connect people for learning; we do not seek to organise resources. Each of us is linked to local responses and is inspired by the experience. We start from within: ourselves, and the organisations we belong to.
Our Goal: AIDS Competence In an AIDS Competent society, we – as we relate to families, to communities, to our work and to policy– act from strength to: acknowledge the reality of HIV and AIDS, build our capacity to respond, reduce our vulnerability and risk, allow everyone to live out their full potential, and share our experience with others.
Our Approach Human Capacity for Response We care We change We learn We belong We transfer
the challenge to the true leader appreciates local strengths and assets seeks to understand rather than to judge stimulates interaction among various partners values listening over talking prefers asking questions over providing answers chooses learning over teaching
organisations: shifting attitudes We believe in our own expertise to provide solutions We believe in people’s strengths to respond We control a diseaseWe facilitate responses We respond to needWe reveal strength You have a problemTogether, you and we have solutions
facilitation teams: goals members assist each other to: learn from local responses stimulate knowledge creation and sharing embed lessons learnt into organisations participate in knowledge sharing worldwide
Ways of Working participation is voluntary responds to invitations any community can invite no internal hierarchy one organisation serves as host
Self-Assessment of AIDS competence 1 BASIC 234 5 HIGH Acknowledgement and Recognition We know the basic facts about HIV/AIDS. We recognise that HIV is a problem. We recognise that HIV/AIDS is a problem for us and we discuss it amongst ourselves We acknowledge openly with others our concerns about HIV/AIDS and the challenges it represents for us. We recognise our own strength to deal with the challenges and seek others for mutual support and learning. Care and change of behaviour We communicate externally provided messages about care and prevention. We adapt and communicate externally provided messages about care and prevention. Our care and prevention activities are separate and dependent on external stimulus. We change because we care. We intentionally link care and change of behaviours and work practices in ourselves and with others. Inclusion We don’t involve those affected by the problem. We get together with some people who are crucial to resolve common issues. We (individuals, families, communities, service providers and policy makers) work together to respond to HIV/AIDS. Our partnerships share common goals, and define each partner’s contribution. Religious and community leaders get involved. We address and resolve all challenges facing us (not only HIV/AIDS.) Identify and address vulnerability We aware of the general factors of vulnerability and the risks affecting us. We have mapped vulnerability and risk. We have a clear strategy to address vulnerability and risk. Our strategy is based on good practices. We are addressing vulnerability in all aspects of the life of our group, all are aware and involved in responding. Learning and transfer We learn by what we do rather than what we learn from and share with others. We share learning from our successes but not our mistakes. We have processes for learning and sharing which we use sometimes. We seek people of experience when necessary. We learn, share and apply what we learn systematically, and seek people with relevant experience to help us. We see an improvement in local responses as a result of our learning and sharing. Measuring change Our change is evaluated by others. We begin consciously to self measure. We measure our own progress and set targets for improvement. We measure our change systematically and can demonstrate measurable improvement. We invite others to help measure our change and share learning/results with others.
Self assessment People: talk exchange perspectives get to grasp the local reality define priorities and actions adapted to context follow up formulate lessons learned identify what experience to share and what to experience to seek
Follow up: One Example Cinq Districts in Bangkok
Level Acknowledgment and recognition Inclusion Care and prevention Identify and address vulnerability Pre-intervention Pre-intervention Post-intervention year 1 Post-intervention year 1 Post-intervention year 2 Post-intervention year 2 Comparison of AIDS Competence Indicators Pre- and Post-Community Self Assessment in 5 Bangkok Districts Level
Learning and transfer Adapting Ways of working Mobilizing resources Level Pre-intervention Pre-intervention Post-intervention year 1 Post-intervention year 2 Comparison of AIDS Competence Indicators Pre- and Post-Community Self Assessment in 5 Bangkok Districts
Access to treatment Measuring change Level Pre-intervention Pre-intervention Post-intervention year 1 Post-intervention year 2 Post-intervention year 2 Comparison of AIDS Competence Indicators Pre- and Post-Community Self Assessment in 5 Bangkok Districts Comparison of AIDS Competence Indicators Pre- and Post-Community Self Assessment in 5 Bangkok Districts
Mae Chan 1 2 3 4 5 Acknowledgement Care and Change Inclusion Vulnerable groups Learning and transfer Measuring change Adapting Ways of working Mobilising resources Level Current levels for Mae Chan community
Mae Chan 1 2 3 4 5 Acknowledgement Care and Change Inclusion Vulnerable groups Learning and transfer Measuring change Adapting Ways of working Mobilising resources Level Levels for other communities too
Mae Chan 1 2 3 4 5 Acknowledgement Care and Change Inclusion Vulnerable groups Learning and transfer Measuring change Adapting Ways of working Mobilising resources Level Ecart entre les niveaux actuels
Mae Chan 1 2 3 4 5 Acknowledgement Care and Change Inclusion Vulnerable groups Learning and transfer Measuring change Adapting Ways of working Mobilising resources Level Le niveau de Mae Chan – “la rivière”
Something to learn, something to share Match making to put those with something to learn in touch with those with something to share via a Peer Assist meeting or an electronic forum. Something to share Something to learn Progress Acknowledgement & Recognition 5 Mbarara 4 3 Pallisa Busia Kibaale 2 Rakai Arua 1 Moroto 0+1+2+3+4 Improvement Objective Current level
A few more What are the top ten things I need to know? Where can I get more detail? What can I re-use? Who can I talk to? What are the top ten things I need to know? Where can I get more detail? What can I re-use? Who can I talk to? Even more Still More More Lessons Lessons Learned Lessons Learned Knowledge Assets
What you know in your context What I know in my context "...the politics accompanying hierarchies hampers the free exchange of knowledge. People are much more open with their peers. They are much more willing to share and to listen.” Lord John Browne Peer Assists – Learning before doing Action What we both know What’s possible?
Context and detail – where and when you need it… “ “ “ “ “ “
A Knowledge Asset Principles (or advice)Experience which leads to the principleResources (Documents, Policies, People) Believe that people/commun ities have capacity, experience and knowledge to share Capacity for care, change, leadership and hope as transferable concepts which have been seen and documented in multiple countries HCD Concept Paper Action Research (SA) Work as a team: co- facilitating and mentoring new team members in every process Team leadership development is done through attaching people to teams with more experienced facilitators, allowing people to practise with support of a team, and then handing over team leadership to others …. AFCN process Hope World- wide/Enda Sante/SA partnership
Two ideas The Constellation for AIDS Competence Friends for Life
Managing Knowledge? “The idea is not to create an encyclopaedia of everything that everybody knows, but to keep track of people who ‘know the recipe’, and nurture the technology and culture that will get them talking” Arian Ward, Hughes Space & Communications Capturing Connecting
The “Stairs” Diagram Cooper River Bulwer Island Lavera Chemicals Feluy Texas City Kwinana Coryton Feluy Joliet Grangemouth Geel Netherlands Decatur Hull FPSTrinidad Oil High desire to improve High performance 5 4 3 2 1 01234 Gap between current and target Performance Manage Corrosion