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State Teachers Retirement System of Ohio

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1 State Teachers Retirement System of Ohio
Public Sector Plans Sherry S. Chan, ASA, MAAA Chief Actuary State Teachers Retirement System of Ohio

2 Introductions Sherry Students OSU Towers Perrin, MetLife, STRS Ohio
Why actuarial science? What kind of actuary?

3 What is a Public Sector Plan?
Plan for government employees State and local employees Military employees/Armed forces Federal civil servants Teachers Uniformed Officers

4 Ohio Public Sector Plans
Website Actuary Participants Full Retirement Fiscal Year Assets OPERS GRS 936k 30+out 12/31 $59.3b STRS PwC 476k 6/30 $70.8b OP&F Buck 53k 48+25 $12.4b SERS CM 189k $11.2b OHPRS 3k $0.8b

5 Defined Benefit vs. Defined Contribution
Defined Benefit (DB) Benefits are defined e.g. 1% of Final Salary times Years of Service Contributions to fund benefits are not defined Defined Contribution (DC) Contributions to fund benefits are defined Benefits upon retirement are not defined Function of contribution, investment earnings, management fees, etc.

6 Benefit Features of Public Plans
Employee contributions are common Can’t reduce future DB accruals for current employees Often provide subsidized early retirement benefits Service caps are common Most provide automatic or ad hoc COLAs Longer vesting schedules Some allow members to purchase service credits Some not subject to Social Security Less stringent regulations PLOP DROP

7 PLOP Partial Lump-Sum Option Plan
Designed as an extra benefit to retirees How it works Allows participants to take an amount equal to “x” times the monthly single life annuity benefit in a lump sum at retirement Monthly benefits still begin at retirement date and are payable for life, but are reduced to reflect the amount taken in a lump sum

8 STRS PLOP Homework Publications
Under “Brochure Series,” find PLOP Complete worksheet on p.5 of 11, assuming: Kindergarten teacher Mrs. Taylor started teaching immediately after obtaining her masters degree in child education and will retire upon reaching 30 years of service at age 55. Final average salary for Mrs. Taylor is $75,000. She incurred a 80% replacement ratio so her final annual retirement benefit is $60,000. Mrs. Taylor fell in love with a foreclosure home on a golf resort in Florida costing only $189,500. Mrs. Taylor wants to pay for this house in full using as much as possible from her PLOP. Mrs. Taylor wants to receive remaining retirement benefits in the form of a single life annuity to help pay for green fees and monthly resort fees.

9 DROP Deferred Retirement Option Plan
Designed to keep experienced employees who are eligible to retire early How it works Benefit frozen on elected DROP date Payments accumulate in a tax-qualified fund accumulating interest Member receives LS balance on their actual retirement date Member doesn’t continue to accrue benefits while on DROP

10 OP&F DROP Homework Members DROP Information
Member’s Guide to DROP Calculate Fireman Taylor’s DROP benefit chart, assuming: Mr. Taylor became a fireman right out of high school at age 18 and will retire with unreduced benefits at age 48. Mr. Taylor’s final average annual salary immediately before DROP election is $45,000 and will incur a 2.5% annual salary growth during the 8 years he will be in DROP.

11 Questions?

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