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RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 1 2003 - 2005 Capabilities Working Group Report to the Steering Committee Roger Wall 2 December 1999.

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Presentation on theme: "RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 1 2003 - 2005 Capabilities Working Group Report to the Steering Committee Roger Wall 2 December 1999."— Presentation transcript:

1 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation Capabilities Working Group Report to the Steering Committee Roger Wall 2 December 1999

2 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation WG Participants Air Line Pilots Association Air Transport Association ATA CDM Working Group Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association American Airlines ARINC Center for Advanced Aviation System Development Delta Air Lines Department of Defense Federal Aviation Administration (ATO, ATA, ARS, AOZ, ASD, AAR) FAA SETA Federal Express National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Air Traffic Controllers Association National Business Aviation Association United Airlines US Airways

3 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation August 1999 Recommendation Overview Address national flow issues Establish nationwide backbone infrastructure to predict airspace density, provide equitable resource allocation strategies, collaborative routing, and facilitate transition through ARTCC airspace Implement procedures and tools to support collaborative routing in response to dynamically changing traffic situations Implement collaborative routing down to the facility level Collaboration includes: ATC facilities (ATCT, TRACONs, ARTCCs, ATCSCC), airline facilities (AOCs) Provide Uniform National Ultra-High Altitude service Leverage aircraft technologies to increase access to terminal and en route airspace Continue to reduce ocean separation standards with 30/30 or 30/5 min as goal

4 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 4 Assumptions FFP1 is successful National spectrum availability will be sufficient to support desired services The following are high priority activities and are or will be addressed in other forums SF21 CPDLC WAAS/LAAS OASIS/DUATS RNAV/RNP routing Safety focused activities Near term procedures (identified in RTCA Addendum 2) ADS-B closely spaced parallels

5 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 5 Next Steps Assigned by Steering Committee for December Meeting FAA immediately identify an advocate for capability implementation to influence budget plans FAA propose an implementation strategy for recommended capabilities Working Group continue joint industry/government collaboration on refinement and assessment of recommendations First collaborative meeting between FAA and working group by mid-October 1999 (complete) Complete activities in time to brief December Steering Committee meeting Working Group begin writing Addendum 3

6 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 6 Flow Problem Range Outer Phase Middle Phase Inner Phase

7 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 7 Required Functionality Overview ATCSCCARTCCTRACONAIRPORT Airspace redesign, Environment, Procedures, Sep Stds, Spectrum, Training Dynamic Density Prediction Equitable Resource Allocation Dynamic Resectorization Collaborative Routing Conflict Prediction Trial Planning Sequencing & Spacing Resource Allocation Surface Movement Arrival / Departure Routing, new TERPS Inner Phase: Miles Collaborative Routing Cockpit situational awareness/ advanced Navigation Uniform National Ultra- High Altitude Service Departure Runway Balancing Arrival Runway Balancing Improve Surface Ops Extend Visual Ops Improve Access to flight & traffic info Outer Phase: Miles Middle Phase: Miles

8 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 8 Summary of Problem Priorities/Needs System-wide problems resulting in delays and other inefficiencies (e.g., en route congestion, severe weather) Improved information availability and flow System-wide problem prediction and equitable resource allocation Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Increased use of RNAV/RNP capabilities to gain greater access to en route and terminal airspace Reduced separation and increased flexibility Flow efficiency within transition airspace Efficient arrival collection from en route airspace Efficient departure integration into overflight streams Airport acceptance and departure rates Increased arrival and departure throughput Inefficient airport surface operations Better information and management systems

9 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 9 Problem Priorities/Needs System-wide problems resulting in delays and other inefficiencies (e.g., en route congestion, severe weather) Improved information availability and flow System-wide problem prediction and equitable resource allocation Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Increased use of RNAV/RNP capabilities to gain greater access to en route and terminal airspace Reduced separation and increased flexibility Flow efficiency within transition airspace Efficient arrival collection from en route airspace Efficient departure integration into overflight streams Airport acceptance and departure rates Increased arrival and departure throughput Inefficient airport surface operations Better information and management systems *

10 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 10 Need: Improved information availability and flow Recommendation: Continue to expand CDM for all NAS users and FAA (ATCSCC and field facilities) to achieve: An integrated and common set of tools for arrival/departure and en route constraint management A stable, robust communication infrastructure that provides for dynamic information exchange Distribution of constraint information and analytical measures of uncertainties associated with constraint/demand forecasts Common display mechanisms Equitable and efficient resource allocation mechanisms with user interaction A system impact assessment capability that measures the effectiveness of TFM initiatives Sufficient TFM bandwidth to support the items listed above System-Wide Needs & Solutions

11 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 11 Need: System-wide problem prediction and equitable resource allocation  Accurate airspace density prediction  Collaborative routing solutions to address specific sectors in specific areas  Impact assessment of proposed solutions, including airspace reallocation Equitable allocation of limited resources to balance demand density across NAS Recommendation: Collaborative Routing Coordination Tools (CRCT) Priority R&D: Provide initial equitable allocation of limited resources System-Wide Needs & Solutions (cont’d)

12 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 12 System-Wide Needs & Solutions (cont’d) Collaborative Routing Coordination Tools (CRCT) ZSE Seattle ZLC Salt Lake ZMP Minneapolis ZOA Oakland ZLA Los Angeles ZAB Albuquerque ZFW Fort Worth ZAU Chicago ZOB Cleveland ZTL Atlanta ZJX Jacksonville ZDC Washington ZBW Boston ZNY New York ZMA Miami ZHU Houston ZKC Kansas City ZME Memphis ZID Indianapolis ZDV Denver ATCSCC 1st Priority 2nd Priority Note: This graphic may not print correctly. Please see the numbers for priorities or refer to the screen view.

13 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 13 System-Wide Needs & Solutions (cont’d) Need: Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Eliminate restrictions - Impose constraints only as needed Expand NRP Reduce controller workload Recommendation: Expand use of Conflict Probe based on URET CCLD with enhancements

14 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 14 System-Wide Needs & Solutions (cont’d) URET CCLD Expansion ZSE Seattle ZLC Salt Lake ZMP Minneapolis ZOA Oakland ZLA Los Angeles ZDV Denver ZAB Albuquerque ZFW Fort Worth ZAU Chicago ZOB Cleveland ZTL Atlanta ZJX Jacksonville ZDC Washington ZBW Boston ZNY New York ZMA Miami ZHU Houston ZKC Kansas City ZME Memphis ZID Indianapolis FFP1 Sites 1st Priority 2nd Priority Note: This graphic may not print correctly. Please see the numbers for priorities or refer to the screen view.

15 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 15 Need: Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Achieve uniform service across the NAS supporting Free Flight Recommendation: National Ultra-High Altitude Service Uniform definition of Ultra-High in all centers Uniform procedures for Ultra-High Domestic RVSM in Ultra-High Altitude Sectors Establish a NAS infrastructure that: Is information, not sensor-based Provides consistent information independent of facility boundaries Facilitates the introduction of improved surveillance information Requirements include: Spectrum allocation changes Coordination with RTCA SC-192 FAA domestic RVSM focal point System-Wide Needs & Solutions (cont’d)

16 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 16 Need: Increased Access to En Route and Terminal Airspace Recommendation: Account for the RNAV/RNP capability of fixed wing and rotary aircraft in Terminal Airspace Provide more/improved ingress & egress routes Provide more/improved transitions through terminal airspace (VFR & IFR) Provide new approaches and departures based on RNAV/RNP (procedures, airport obstruction surveys, EIS, new TERPS, lighting requirements) Recommendation: Account for the RNAV/RNP capability of aircraft in En Route Airspace Provide communications capability and procedures to allow traversing low-altitude areas that do not have radar coverage System-Wide Needs & Solutions (cont’d)

17 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 17 Need: Reduced separation and increased flexibility in oceanic airspace 30nmi/30nmi or 30nmi/5 min separation standards Capability to conduct paired maneuvers More flexibility and access in the Gulf, WATRS, and Caribbean through improved navigation and surveillance Recommendations: Continue to support initiatives addressed in other forums (e.g., ADS (Contract), ADS (Broadcast), CPDLC, RVSM, CDTI, etc.) Ground infrastructure to support their use System-Wide Needs & Solutions (concl’d)

18 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 18 Problem Priorities/Needs System-wide problems resulting in delays and other inefficiencies (e.g., en route congestion, severe weather) Improved information availability and flow System-wide problem prediction and equitable resource allocation Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Increased use of RNAV/RNP capabilities to gain greater access to en route and terminal airspace Reduced separation and increased flexibility Flow efficiency within transition airspace Efficient arrival collection from en route airspace Efficient departure integration into overflight streams Airport acceptance and departure rates Increased arrival and departure throughput Inefficient airport surface operations Better information and management systems *

19 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 19 Transition Needs & Solutions Need: Efficient arrival collection from en route airspace Manage arrivals to meet Airport/TRACON/Area acceptance rates Recommendation: Expand use of Single Center Traffic Management Advisor (TMA) Single center/1 major airport (FFP1 TMA-SC) Priority R&D: TMA-MC Multiple centers/1 major airport Multiple centers/>1 major airport

20 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 20 ZSE ZLC ZMP ZOA ZLA ZAB ZFW ZAU ZOB ZTL ZJX ZDC ZBW ZNY ZMA ZHU ZKC ZME ZID ZDV FFP1 Sites 1st Priority Transition Needs & Solutions TMA Expansion 2nd Priority 3rd Priority Potomac N90 PHL BOS CLT CVG DTW IAH MEM SDF LAS MCO ORD PHX PIT SEA SLC STL LAX SFO DEN MSP DFW ATL Deploy SC-TMA ResearchMcTMAto improve arrival efficiency to NY area (including PHL) Use results ofMcTMAresearch in for NY/PHL area as proven successful When TMA MC is available, all sites should be upgraded to TMA MC MIA Note: This graphic may not print correctly. Please see the numbers for priorities or refer to the screen view.

21 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 21 Need: Efficient departure integration into and across en route streams Recommendation: Priority R&D: Departure integration into and across en route streams Transition Needs & Solutions (concl’d)

22 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 22 Problem Priorities/Needs System-wide problems resulting in delays and other inefficiencies (e.g., en route congestion, severe weather) Improved information availability and flow System-wide problem prediction and equitable resource allocation Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Increased use of RNAV/RNP capabilities to gain greater access to en route and terminal airspace Reduced separation and increased flexibility Flow efficiency within transition airspace Efficient arrival collection from en route airspace Efficient departure integration into overflight streams Airport acceptance and departure rates Increased arrival and departure throughput Inefficient airport surface operations Better information and management systems *

23 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 23 Arrival/Departure Needs & Solutions Need: Increased arrival throughput Improve efficiency of operations within terminal airspace to single and multiple major airports Recommendations: Expand use of Passive Final Approach Spacing Tool (pFAST) - Airport Passive Final Approach Spacing Tool (pFAST) - TRACON Note: CNS capabilities (e.g., ADS-B/CDTI) are activities addressed in other forums that can help address this need

24 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 24 MSP STL ATL DFW LAX CLT CVG IAH LAS SFO PHL LGA JFK EWR TEB N 9 0 BWI DCA IAD P O T O M A C FFP1 Sites 1st Priority 2nd Priority 3rd Priority ORD DTW NOCAL Arrival/Departure Needs & Solutions pFAST Note: pFAST at SFO should be modified to create spaces in arrival traffic to accommodate departures When active FAST becomes available, the pFAST sites should be upgraded to aFAST Note: This graphic may not print correctly. Please see the numbers for priorities or refer to the screen view. BOS 3

25 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 25 Need: Increased arrival/departure throughput Reduce arrival/departure separation due to wake vortex More efficient utilization of TRACON airspace for departures Recommendation: Priority R&D Arrival and departure wake vortex detection Departure management in TRACON airspace Arrival/Departure Needs & Solutions (concl’d)

26 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 26 Problem Priorities/Needs System-wide problems resulting in delays and other inefficiencies (e.g., en route congestion, severe weather) Improved information availability and flow System-wide problem prediction and equitable resource allocation Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Increased use of RNAV/RNP capabilities to gain greater access to en route and terminal airspace Reduced separation and increased flexibility Flow efficiency within transition airspace Efficient arrival collection from en route airspace Efficient departure integration into overflight streams Airport acceptance and departure rates Increased arrival and departure throughput Inefficient airport surface operations Better information and management systems *

27 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 27 Airport Surface Needs & Solutions Need: Better information and management systems Digital TMA data to users for all airports using TMA Taxi & Departure Clearance Runway Load Balancing Ramp Status Conformance Monitoring Surveillance Recommendation for 03-05: Expanded FAA/User Collaboration to implement User Initiatives Priority R&D: Conduct research in parallel with ongoing user initiatives

28 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 28 Implementation Definition Implementation of capabilities means delivery of services and benefits with the appropriate changes in airspace design, procedures, systems, logistics, labor negotiations, certification, etc.

29 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation TRL Operate Implementation Capability Qualify Implementation Capability Develop Implementation Capability Define Requirements & Transfer Technology Develop Specific Operational/Maintenance Plans & Procedures Conduct Functional Demonstrations & Operational Evaluations Define Concept of Use within Target Operational Environment Define Target Timeframe, Infrastructure, and Operational Environment Describe Proposed Capability FAA Investment Decision IRL Actual System Proven In Operation Actual System Qualified by Demonstration System Prototype Demonstration in an Operational Environment System/Subsystem Model or Prototype Demonstration in a Relevant Environment Component and/or Breadboard Validation in a Relevant Environment Component and/or Breadboard Validation in Laboratory Environment Analytical & Experimental Critical Function - Characteristic Proof-of-Concept Technology Concept and/or Application Formulated Basic Principles Observed and Reported R&D Program Goal Technology & Implementation Readiness

30 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 30 HW/SW for capabilities that have been identified can be available in 03-05, however the following must also, at a minimum, be addressed in order to realize benefits in 03-05: Airspace design Environmental impact Labor negotiations Procedures Training Certification Spectrum Bandwidth (deployment and information) Barriers to Implementation

31 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 31 Priority R&D Additional R&D activities have been identified as addressing priority needs and should be merged/accelerated to facilitate development of the best capabilities including : Departure: EDP with other departure efforts En Route: E/DA, Direct-to, En Route Spacing Tool, and PARR Surface: Surface Management System Arrival: Active FAST Other areas for priority R&D include: Evolutionary progression toward distributed decision making Increased collaboration among users and service providers Wake vortex sensing and prediction

32 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 32 Surface Need: Surface Management for Departures Recommendation: CDM User Initiatives Priority R&D Departure Transition Need: Efficient departure integration into overflight streams Recommendation: Priority R&D System Wide Need: Information availability and flow Problem prediction and equitable resource allocation Recommendations: CDM, CRCT & Priority R&D System Wide (Ocean): Need: Reduced separation and increased flexibility in oceanic airspace Recommendation: Continue to support initiatives addressed in other forums (e.g., ADS (Contract), ADS (Broadcast), CPDLC, RVSM, CDTI, etc.) Ground infrastructure to support their use Arrival Transition Need: Efficient collection from en route Recommendations: TMA (SC) TMA (MC) - Priority R&D System Wide Need: Efficient aircraft movement thru en route airspace Increased use of RNAV/RNP capabilities to gain greater access to en route and terminal airspace Recommendations: URET, Ultra-High Altitude Service Procedures Terminal: Need: Increased arrival throughput Recommendation: FAST Surface Need: Surface Management for Arrivals Recommendation: CDM User Initiatives Priority R&D Need and Capability Summary

33 RTCA Select Committee on Free Flight Implementation 33 Acronyms


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