2 Writing R&D Proposals Module 4 E.B. Aromin Training-Workshop on Research Proposal Preparation
4/30/20153 PROPOSAL FORMAT I.RESEARCH TITLE II.BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY III.REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE IV.CONCEPTUAL/THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK V.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM VI.ASSUMPTIONS
4/30/20154 VII. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY VIII. DEFENITION OF TERMS IX. SCOPE AND LIMITATION X. METHODOLOGY XI. BIBLIOGRAPHY XII. LOGFRAME XIII. WORK PLAN XIV. FINANCIAL PLAN XV. PROPONENT’S PROFILE PROPOSAL FORMAT
4/30/20155 RESEARCH TITLE must be reflective of its problem must answer the following questions: WHAT WHO WHERE
4/30/20156 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY describe the existing and prevailing problem situation based on his/her experience. give strong justification for selecting such research problem in his/her capacity as a researcher link and relate the background of the study to the proposed research problem.
4/30/20157 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Related literature includes… research findings published or unpublished theories principles formulated by experts or authorities in some field or discipline ideas or opinions of experts contained in books, pamphlets magazines and periodicals
4/30/20158 Related literature should be… written in terms of the purpose of the study authoritative as evaluated give reference thematically organized synthesized REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
4/30/20159 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK the schematic diagram - shows the variables included in the study arrows or line – show the relationship between the independent and dependent variables independent and dependent variables - should be clearly discussed and explained how these would influence the results of the study
4/30/201510 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK theories principles generalizations research findings
4/30/201511 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Introductory statement - reflects the main problem Sub-problem not answerable by either yes, no, when and where include all independent and moderate variables arranged in logical order extensive in coverage mutually exclusive in its dimensions If quantitative avoid the “how questions”
4/30/201512 ASSUMPTIONS a proposition of some occurrences or considerations in eliminating the area of the study a proposition based on his own intuition, experience, and observations but is not scientifically proven adopted as a premise to the solution of the problem envisioned in his study.
4/30/201513 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY contributions of the study to knowledge new knowledge in the field a check on the major findings of other studies validity of findings in a different population trends over time other findings using different methodology
4/30/201514 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY It discusses the importance of the study to… the society the country the government the community the institution the agency concerned the curriculum planners and developers the researchers
4/30/201515 It expounds on the study’s probable impact to education, science, technology, on-going researchers and etc SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
4/30/201516 DEFINITION OF TERMS terms which connote different meaning from the conceptual or dictionary definitions should be operationally defined arranged in alphabetical order should be stated in complete sentences
4/30/201517 The terms to be operationally defined… are those used throughout the study may be a word or a phrase usually taken from the title the statement of the problem or hypothesis. DEFINITION OF TERMS
4/30/201518 SCOPE AND LIMITATION explains the nature, coverage, and time frame of the study It presents in brief the subject area of investigation, the place, the time period, or school year covered It discusses the variables included in the study and the exclusion of other variables which are expected to be included It indicates the extent of capability of results arising from the sampling population
4/30/201519 METHODOLOGY Research Locale Research Design Population Sampling or Respondents of the Study Research Instrument Statistical Treatment of Data
4/30/201520 METHODOLOGY Research Locale discusses the place or setting of the study shows the target population NOTE: Only important features which have the bearing on the present study are included.
4/30/201521 METHODOLOGY Research Design describes the research mode whether it is… true experimental or quasi-experimental design descriptive or survey research historical research qualitative research ethnographic etc.
4/30/201522 METHODOLOGY Population Sampling or Respondents of the Study describes the target population and the sample frame specifies the sampling technique used show how the sample size is determined.
4/30/201523 METHODOLOGY Research Instrument explains the specific type of research instrument used such as… questionnaire checklist questionnaire-checklists structured interview teacher–made test standardized instrument which are adopted or borrowed with permission from the author or from other sources.
4/30/201524 Research Instrument explain instruments to be used and the information it will produce explain establishment of validity and reliability only experts will validate such instrument appropriate statistical test used should be given and the computed values derived interpretation should be included in the discussion METHODOLOGY
4/30/201525 METHODOLOGY Statistical Treatment of Data Explain how each statistical test is used in the treatment of data If the research instrument included options which are scaled, explain how each scale is given the weight, its interval and class limits.
4/30/201526 Gantt Chart Activities Month/Duration 010203040506070809101112 x x xxxxxx xxx xx x
4/30/201527 BIBLIOGRAPHY This include all materials used and reviewed by the researcher… books magazines periodicals journals thesis or dissertation (published or unpublished) Monographs speeches modules web page or internet etc.
4/30/201528 BIBLIOGRAPHY In the choice of bibliographic materials, the following should be considered: Relatedness to the research problem Inclusion of recent publications (materials published in the 50’s up to 70’s should not be included).
4/30/201529 FINANCIAL PLAN Work plan and financial plan must go hand in hand purpose … to trace all the activities to be accomplished in undertaking the study corresponding financial requirements in carrying out these activities.
4/30/201530 WORK PLAN ActivitiesOutputs/DeliverablesDue date S
4/30/201531 FINANCIAL PLAN The researcher/proponent must make careful estimates of all expenses that are likely to be incurred in carrying out the project It contains the following: Personnel Requirement, Materials and Supplies Communication Services Other operating expenses such as research-related travel and transportation materials reproduction testing fee computerization evaluation fee etc.
4/30/201532 Maintenance and Operating ExpensesAmount A) Other Services (40%): 1)Honoraria Study Leader (P 2,000 x 12 months) Mentor (P10,000 for 12 months) 1)Contract Labor B) Supplies and Materials C) Travel D) Communication Sub- Total Administrative Cost (10%) TOTAL Line Item Budget Month 1 – Month 12 (Year) Title of the Study FINANCIAL PLAN
4/30/201533 "In reality, serendipity accounts for one percent of the blessings we receive in life, work and love. The other 99 percent is due to our efforts." Peter McWilliams Food for Thought