4 Design Process Client Profile/Interview/Problem Statement Letter of AgreementProgramming and analysisConceptual/Schematic DesignFinal Design DevelopmentContract AdministrationEvaluation
5 Client Profile / Problem Statement What is the nature of the project? vacation home, primary residence, rental home, office, restaurant, hotel etc.Establish a client profile: a brief statement that identifies the client, location, project, purpose, and extent of work.Little detail has yet been researched
6 Why is the initial meeting so important for both the designer and the customer? Evaluate compatibility (don’t take every job, may not be profitable…)Does the project fit the firms area of specialization , is there a reasonable time frame and does the firm have the appropriate staff load to complete the project.Client can evaluate firms work.
7 A word about time frame… Deadlines are critical in the design business.Penalties may apply.Work backwards from the expected completion date to set schedule for each phase.If you see the time frame is not feasible, walk away or convince them that the time frame needs to be longer.
8 Letter of Agreement A legal contract between you and your client. Outlines the responsibilities of the designerOutlines financial obligations of the client for reimbursement, fees, time of paymentServes to protect you from wasting your time on projects that may not come to reality or a client using a different designerGet this contract signed before you do ANY work or you may be giving away your services!
9 Programming (5 – 15%) Information gathering – Research – programming Identify and analyze customer needsInterviewing customer and end usersUser profileInventory products to be usedLifestyle and FunctionRelationships/adjacenciesSpace allocationsEnvironmental factorsMechanical systems (HVAC)Psychological/SociologicalEconomic factors – extremely importantBuilding codesDesign preferences
10 Programming is the Most crucial phase of the design process “Good beginnings make for good endings”You must be detailed and precise in your gathering or you will fail in the end result.You will need to analyze the information, prioritize the need and the wants and if any questions come up, make sure to go back and get them answered.You will write the program and the customer should review it and approve it before moving to the next phase of the design process.FYI: A commercial program is sometime hundreds of pages in length. It is a document that will be used by the entire design team, architects, mechanical, structural, electrical engineers, and designers.
11 Commercial Programming Budget for renovation, furniture and finishes.Style preference, image.Existing furniture, artwork and accessories to reuse.Field measuring space, locating columns, outlets, network jacks, thermostats, HVAC returns.Photograph existing space, inventory and new spaceDetermine codes and safety requirements that need to be met. (occupancy classifications, occupant loads, egress widths, ADA, etc.)Determine the schedule/deadlineDetermine space allotments or standards, adjacencies, privacy issues storage and filing needs (measure file storage).Understand equipment needs, sizes use and location
12 Residential Programming Personal InformationAge, number, sex, size, activities and relationships of everyone living in the house.Stage in the lifecycle : flexible spacesLifestyleHobbies, activities, entertainment, meals, music games, TV, cooking etc.)How long do they plan to live in the house.
13 Residential Programming Taste…likes and dislikes of the family. How do you find this out?Functional Goalsspecial needs, universal design, media room, home office, energy efficiencySpace Requirements:How much sq. footageMinimum of per personSee sample questions on page 10Equipment Needs:TV, cable, video, computers, security system
14 Residential Programming Cost Estimates and budgets:Most expensive purchase: Americans spend 2-4 times their annual income.Kitchen and bathes are most expensive spacesSq. foot estimate vs. material and cost estimateKnow the avg. price per sq. foot in the neighborhood.25% of income goes to house paymentHow can you help customer save money?Life cycle costingMaintenance issuesStandard sizes, colors and finishesKeep plumbing back to backPlan aheadKeep change orders to a minimum
15 Residential Programming Site and orientationRestrictions on placement, color, size etc.Solar orientation, south windows, fadingWindView
16 Conceptual / Schematic Design The formulation of preliminary broad-based concepts.Written concept statementDecisions on character, function and aestheticsMatrix: indicates relationships of spacesBubble diagram 170, 171Block diagrams 170, 171Preliminary Floor plans/ space plan 19Selecting preliminary color optionsPreliminary furniture options
20 Design Development (30-35%) Approval from customer on schematic design has been given.Construction DocumentsFloor planElevationsSectionsFurniture and finish plansPower and Communication PlansLighting, Reflected Ceiling PlanWrite Bid SpecificationsFF&E Spec BookWork with other professionalsElectriciansStructural engineersMechanical engineers
28 Contract Administration (5-15%) All design decisions become reality – most rewarding of the phases.Orders are placed.General contractor, subcontractors begin building, installing products.Coordination is critical in order for subs not to interfere with each others work.Site visits become regular to check quality and to stay on schedule.Punch list is established.Furniture is installed.
29 EvaluationFollow-up on job to measure the success of the products specified.How effective was the design?Did it meet the needs of the customer?Are the products specified holding up?Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) provides the professional designer with the information needed to evaluate and measure a successful or unsuccessful design