Presentation on theme: "Guidelines recommend consideration of fibrinolytic therapy if unable to achieve a door to balloon time ≤120 minutes for STEMI patients transferred for."— Presentation transcript:
Guidelines recommend consideration of fibrinolytic therapy if unable to achieve a door to balloon time ≤120 minutes for STEMI patients transferred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). ACTION Registry-GWTG offers a unique perspective on the patterns of fibrinolytic therapy use among contemporary STEMI patients across multiple hospitals in the United States. Fibrinolytic Therapy Use Among STEMI Patients Transferred to a Primary PCI Hospital in the United States: A Mission: Lifeline Report Amit N. Vora, DaJuanicia N. Holmes, Ivan Rokos, Matthew T. Roe, Christopher B. Granger, William J. French, Elliott Antman, Timothy Henry, Laine Thomas, Eric R. Bates, Tracy Y. Wang Methods BackgroundResults Conclusions Timeliness of reperfusion regardless of strategy remains a target for improvement for transferred STEMI patients. Compared with primary PCI, fibrinolysis was associated with no significant difference in adjusted mortality risk, but a modestly higher adjusted major bleeding risk. Fibrinolysis remains a viable reperfusion strategy for eligible patients in the US. Among patients with the lowest ACTION mortality risk score, patients treated with fibrinolysis had higher mortality and bleeding risk compared to primary PCI patients. Further investigation is needed to determine the optimal reperfusion strategy for lower-risk transferred STEMI patients. From ACTION Registry-GWTG between 7/2008– 3/2012, we identified 15,437 fibrinolytic-eligible STEMI patients first evaluated at a non-primary PCI hospital then transferred to a primary PCI center 30 -120 min drive time away. Patients were excluded if prior ICH, neoplasm, AVM, aneurysm, ischemic stroke within 3 months, suspected aortic dissection, bleeding diathesis, significant head/facial trauma, allergy to fibrinolytics, recent surgery/trauma, uncontrolled hypertension, recent bleeding within 4 months, active peptic ulcer, or pregnancy. We selected a time frame of 30 minutes as approximately the 5th percentile drive time for fibrinolytic use and 120 minutes is the 95th percentile of primary PCI use in this patient population. Logistic regression generalized estimating equations method was used to calculate the adjusted odds ratios for outcomes comparing patients receiving pre-transfer fibrinolytics with those treated with primary PCI. Among the 15,437 patients in the study sample 5,296 (34.3%) received pre-transfer fibrinolysis and 10,141 (65.7%) underwent primary PCI. Among patients receiving fibrinolytics, the most common agent was tenecteplase (74.6%), then reteplase (21.6%); alteplase and streptokinase accounted for <5% of overall fibrinolytic use. There was no difference in overall adjusted in-hospital mortality between fibrinolysis versus primary PCI, but an association of increased mortality for patients receiving pre-transfer fibrinolysis in lower risk patients (Figure 2). Table 2: Clinical presentation Fibrinolysis (n=5296) Primary PCI (n = 10141) p-value ECG findings (n, %) 0.07 ST-elevation5230 (98.8)9967 (98.3) LBBB34 (0.6)93 (0.9) Isolated posterior MI27 (0.5)72 (0.7) Hypotension (SBP ≤ 90mmHg) (n, %) 286 (5.4) 570 (5.6)0.58 Tachycardia (HR ≥ 100) (n, %) 626 (11.8)1341 (13.2)0.01 Signs of heart failure (n, %) 343 (6.5)675 (6.7)0.69 Cardiogenic shock (n, %) 328 (6.2)770 (7.6)0.002 ACTION mortality risk score, median (IQR) 31 (26-37)32 (26-38)0.002 DISCLOSURE INFORMATION The following relationships exist related to this presentation: NONE Fibrinolysis (n=5296) Primary PCI (n = 10141) p-value Demographics Age, median (IQR), years 59 (51-67)59 (51-69)0.03 Percent female, n (%)1430 (27.0)2762 (27.2)0.76 Non-white race, n (%)666 (12.6)951 (9.4)<0.001 Clinical characteristics BMI, median (IQR), kg/m 2 28.6 (25.3-32.5)28.6 (25.3-32.7)0.63 Hypertension (%)3280 (62.0)6276 (61.9)0.93 Diabetes (%)1103 (20.8)2311 (22.8)0.006 Dyslipidemia (%)2627 (49.6)5179 (51.1)0.08 Current / recent smoker (%) 2705 (51.1)4954 (48.9)0.009 Prior MI (%)965 (18.2)1746 (17.2)0.12 Prior CHF (%)196 (3.7)391 (3.9)0.64 Prior PCI (%)1010 (19.1)1905 (18.8)0.63 Prior CABG (%)287 (5.4)531 (5.2)0.62 Prior stroke (%)182 (3.4)433 (4.3)0.01 CrCl, median (IQR), ml/min 90 (68-116)91 (67-119)0.04 Table 1. Baseline characteristics Limitations ACTION Registry-GWTG data does not capture information on whether local or regional STEMI care transfer systems are established. Figure 1: Time to presentation 239 min IQR 183-331 34 min IQR 23-53 46 min IQR 28-70 179 min IQR 109-999 194 min IQR 141-299 126 min IQR 104-165 Fibrinolysis Primary PCI Characteristics were compared using the Wilcoxon-rank sum test for continuous variables and the chi-square test for categorical variables. Figure 2: In-hospital outcomes by ACTION mortality risk score tertiles Overall Low risk Moderate risk High risk Mortality Bleeding Primary PCI better Lytic better Primary PCI better Lytic better
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