Presentation on theme: "Simple Past and Past Progressive. Disaster at Sea - FOG pgs. 31 – 21 ◦ Vocabulary pg. 32 ◦ Comprehension pg. 32."— Presentation transcript:
Simple Past and Past Progressive
Disaster at Sea - FOG pgs. 31 – 21 ◦ Vocabulary pg. 32 ◦ Comprehension pg. 32
form the simple past of regular verbs by adding –d or –ed simple past of irregular verbs is NOT formed by adding –d or –ed ◦ must be memorized
actions states situations ◦ He wrote haiku. (He finished it.) ◦ She heard about the disaster. (non-action verb) ◦ Paul read a book last night. (He finished it.) that are finished
focus is on duration of a past action NOT its completion ◦ often used with a specific time at 11p.m. last night this morning
Pauls was reading a book last night. (we don’t know if he finished it) He was reading his book at 11:30 p.m. At 7 o’clock this morning I was having my breakfast.
for descriptions ◦ Jan looked beautiful.She was wearing a green dress. to express an continuous past activity ◦ When the phone rang, I was having a shower. to express an incomplete activity ◦ I was reading a book during the flight.
to talk about two actions in progress at the same time in the past. ◦ use the past progressive in both clauses while ◦ use while for this type of sentence
Examples While While I was reading, my husband was preparing dinner. (two actions in progress at the same time) while My husband was preparing dinner while I was reading.
to talk about an action that was interrupted by another action ◦ use the simple past for the interrupting action when ◦ use when to introduce the simple past while ◦ use while to introduce the past progressive
Examples I was exercising when he called. (the phone call interrupted my exercising) He was running when he fell. ( what interrupted what?) While I was preparing for class, my dog made a mess on the carpet. ( what interrupted what?)
to show one action after another in the past. ◦ use time clauses like before after when
Examples: ◦ Before he went to work, he stopped at Starbucks. (first he stopped at Starbucks then he went to work) ◦ After he played soccer, he went home. (first he played then he went home) ◦ When he walked into the house, he greeted his wife. (first he walked into the house then he greeted his wife)
sometimes both tenses are possible depending on the meaning Simple Past focuses on past actions as complete facts Past Progressive focuses on the duration of past activities
Simple PastPast Progressive Completed action at specified time in past Ordered events with “before” and “after” Cause-effect with “when” or “after” Used for narrative Interrupts a continuous action (in progressive) ◦ Action in progress over a period of time ◦ In progress at an exact moment in the past ◦ Two simultaneous actions ◦ Continuous action can be interrupted (action in past)
Complete the following sentences in the past: 1. Before I came to school… 2. After I went home yesterday… 3. While I was driving this morning… 4. When I ate dinner… 5. At 10:00 this morning,…
Disaster at Sea - FOG pgs. 31 – 21 ◦ Analyze each verb form while reading this text for a second time.