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Measuring sustainable governance Fanie Cloete School of Public Management and Planning, University of Stellenbosch.

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Presentation on theme: "Measuring sustainable governance Fanie Cloete School of Public Management and Planning, University of Stellenbosch."— Presentation transcript:

1 Measuring sustainable governance Fanie Cloete School of Public Management and Planning, University of Stellenbosch

2 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Outline Governance, development, & sustainabilityGovernance, development, & sustainability Governmental performance assessment modelGovernmental performance assessment model Good policy evaluation practices indicator guideGood policy evaluation practices indicator guide International sustainability assessment frameworksInternational sustainability assessment frameworks Unpacking sustainabilityUnpacking sustainability ConclusionsConclusions

3 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Governance = “the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources for development” - World Bank 1994

4 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Good governance “…. achieving the most appropriate developmental policy objectives to sustainably develop a society, by mobilising, applying and co-ordinating all available domestic & international resources in public, private and voluntary sectors in most effective, efficient and democratic way…” ( Cloete 2000)

5 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Development = both a physical reality and a state of mind in which the means for obtaining a better life is improved, through a combination of social, economic and institutional capacity-building and empowerment (Sen 1999, Todaro 1997, Serageldin 1996)

6 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Development level 1 Satisfying basic needs above the indigent line: food, water, shelter, clothes & personal safety

7 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Developmental level 2 Consolidation of a middle class life style: Sanitation, health services, jobs, churches, recreation, schools, culture, shops, life cycle services.

8 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Developmental level 3: Fulfilling higher level personal and abstract needs and desires: the opportunity to live an enriched life according to one’s own preferred alternative lifestyle, including specialised individual interests and preferences (eg travel, music, culture, sport, hobbies, etc) & individually customised collective services (in-flight TV, games, A/C, etc)

9 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) International policy indicators IUCNIUCN OECDOECD World BankWorld Bank European UnionEuropean Union UN Agenda 21UN Agenda 21 UN Millennium goals & targetsUN Millennium goals & targets UN Commission for Sustainable developmentUN Commission for Sustainable development

10 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) CSD Indicator framework Integrated approach, to measure sustainability : –Social –Economic –Environmental –Institutional Model applicable to all UN member statesModel applicable to all UN member states

11 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Millennium Goals for Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger 2.Achieve universal primary education 3.Promote gender equality & empower women 4.Reduce child mortality 5.Improve maternal health 6.Combat AIDS, TB, Malaria & other diseases 7.Ensure environmental sustainability 8.Develop a global partnership for development

12 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Policy systems approach

13 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Policy Input Indicator Guide Policy content (approach, comparability, etc)Policy content (approach, comparability, etc) Financial resources for programme/projectFinancial resources for programme/project Human resources skills for programme/projectHuman resources skills for programme/project Support for programme/projectSupport for programme/project Other required resources (eg water)Other required resources (eg water)

14 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Policy Resource Conversion Indicator Guide Process efficiencyProcess efficiency Process effectiveness (appropriateness, relevance, etc)Process effectiveness (appropriateness, relevance, etc) Process productivityProcess productivity People-centred, participatory & responsive processesPeople-centred, participatory & responsive processes Process equity, fairness, representivityProcess equity, fairness, representivity Process transparencyProcess transparency AccountabilityAccountability Democratic nature of processes (tolerance, rights-based, legitimate)Democratic nature of processes (tolerance, rights-based, legitimate) Project managementProject management Process flexibilityProcess flexibility Co-ordination, integration & holism of servicesCo-ordination, integration & holism of services Professionalism & ethical nature of processesProfessionalism & ethical nature of processes Creativity, competitiveness & entrepreneurshipCreativity, competitiveness & entrepreneurship

15 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Policy Output Indicator Guide Results achieved:Results achieved: –Numbers –Quality

16 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Policy Outcome Indicator Guide Achievement of national vision (relevance & effectiveness of outcome)Achievement of national vision (relevance & effectiveness of outcome) Affordability of outcomeAffordability of outcome Equity, fairness, representivity of outcomeEquity, fairness, representivity of outcome Development & growth focus of outcomeDevelopment & growth focus of outcome Contribution to stability (regulation & protection focus) of outcomeContribution to stability (regulation & protection focus) of outcome Democratic nature of outcome (free participatory, legitimate tolerance, accountable outcomes)Democratic nature of outcome (free participatory, legitimate tolerance, accountable outcomes) Empowerment of citizens as outcome (informed, participating, activist citizens as outcome)Empowerment of citizens as outcome (informed, participating, activist citizens as outcome) Citizen satisfactionCitizen satisfaction Project/programme sustainability (social, economic, political, managerial, technological, environmental), both objectively and subjectively determined in short, medium & long term time frames)Project/programme sustainability (social, economic, political, managerial, technological, environmental), both objectively and subjectively determined in short, medium & long term time frames)

17 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Sustainability = maintenance of a stable, desired trend in a durable way within a specified long term time frame.

18 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The National Vision To build from the remnants of a previously deeply divided country with a legacy of racial division and inequality, a united, strong, independent, prosperous, self-reliant and proud South African nation.

19 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Demographic sustainability = maintenance of a stable trend in populations, able to sustain all its developmental needs through available resources durably within a specified long term time frame.

20 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Demographic Vision to create and sustain human, flora and fauna populations that constitute sound ecological systems in South Africa

21 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Demographic Impact Indicators =Subjectively perceived or objective changes in size, distribution & composition of population, through estimates, polls, census, projections & forecasts.

22 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Social sustainability = maintenance of an empowered citizenry interacting with each other through effective social networks, constituting a cohesive community/society striving towards generally accepted goals to promote individual & collective interests

23 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Social Vision to create a stable, secure and prosperous social environment in which all citizens have access to basic nutrition, health, housing and education services in order to enable and empower them to develop pride, belonging, hope, self-help, self- respect, a spirit of caring and responsibility and their own respective potentials fully

24 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Social Impact Indicators = Subjectively perceived or objective changes in individual & community profiles, status, values, institutions & behaviour patterns, including personal development, conflict, cohesion, networks, mobilisation, participation, mobility, stability, family life, youth development, etc

25 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Economic sustainability = maintenance of a sound, stable and growing/expanding economic system meeting the needs of society or developing towards higher levels in an efficient way over time

26 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Economic Vision to create a productive, competitive, efficient, effective, growing economic environment that creates investors’ confidence and sufficient jobs for all work seekers, where all citizens can aspire to basic incomes above the poverty line and fair and equitable opportunities and resources to improve their own quality of life as well as they can

27 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Financial sustainability = not spending more than you earn over time, and preferably not reducing assets or capacity but building them up in a durable way within a specified time frame

28 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Financial Vision to create a sound and stable fiscal and financial base for economic activities that is internationally competitive, dynamic, growing/expanding and innovative

29 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Financial / Economic Impact Indicators =Subjectively perceived or objective changes in income & expenditure patterns, taxation, economic growth & decline, inflation, exchange rates, types of economic activities & inactivities, employment, production & consumption patterns, living cost, productivity

30 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Cultural sustainability = maintenance of stable and durable systems of values, customs and practices expressing the cultural identity of a community or society

31 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Cultural Vision to create a tolerant and relaxed cultural environment where individual ethnic and cultural identities can be expressed and promoted through arts, drama, language and religion to enrich the diversity and heritage of the South African nation

32 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Cultural Impact Indicators =Subjectively perceived or objective changes in cultural values, attitudes, practices and customs, incl in language, art, drama, literature, music, religion, etc.

33 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Political sustainability = maintenance of a stable, effective political vision, commitment and support founded on legitimate democratic processes in a durable way within a specified time frame

34 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Political Vision to create in terms of its 1996 Constitution: – a democratic and safe organisational or institutional environment, – where individual rights and community interests can be freely pursued –under a legitimate, transparent, ethical and accountable government –that is regularly elected in free and fair elections, –to maximise the quality of life of its citizens, and –that plays a key role in Africa and the World.

35 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Institutional sustainability = maintenance of stable and effective and efficient institutions which have a good record of achieving strategic policy objectives and of learning from past failures and successes durably within a specified time frame. = maintenance of stable and effective and efficient institutions which have a good record of achieving strategic policy objectives and of learning from past failures and successes durably within a specified time frame.

36 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Institutional Vision to create professional, participatory and responsive public services with the capacity to address national needs in a durable way within a specified time frame

37 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Managerial sustainability = maintenance of a combination of : = maintenance of a combination of : –strong and committed leadership –clear and unambiguous strategic policy objectives –a broad-based consensus about these objectives –effective operational policy implementation, coordination, monitoring, assessment & redesign, durably within a specified time frame

38 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Organisational Impact Indicators = Subjectively perceived or objective changes in administrative agency size, budget, composition, functions, services & facilities, distribution, accessibility, quality, quantity, effectiveness, efficiency, technology

39 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Technological sustainability = maintenance of effective and appropriate stable technological systems enabling, supporting, facilitating and promoting societal activities in different sectors durably within a specified time frame = maintenance of effective and appropriate stable technological systems enabling, supporting, facilitating and promoting societal activities in different sectors durably within a specified time frame

40 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Technological Vision to create stable and reliable electronic and other technological networks and tools to enable, facilitate, support and promote societal activities optimally, and also to achieve full electronic government in South Africa.

41 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Technological Impact Indicators = Subjectively perceived or objective changes in levels of technology provision & use, incl levels and sophistication of electronic literacy, telecommunications, stand alone computer workstations, networks, etc

42 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Environmental sustainability = maintenance of stable ecological and bio-diversity systems durably within a specified long term time frame = maintenance of stable ecological and bio-diversity systems durably within a specified long term time frame (= Brundtland)

43 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) The Environmental Vision to create a natural and a living environment that fully conserves and promotes the scenic beauty of the country, and to utilise all natural resources in such a sustainable way that later generations will also be able to enjoy them and to satisfy their needs (= Brundtland)

44 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Environmental Impact Indicators =Subjectively perceived or objective changes in nature & quality of natural & living environment, including air, noise, water, sea, flora, fauna & topography

45 Cloete: Measuring sustainable governance (c) Conclusions Regular, systematic governance assessment now international best practiceRegular, systematic governance assessment now international best practice Outcomes measurement imperativeOutcomes measurement imperative Sustainability focus increasingly relevantSustainability focus increasingly relevant Appropriate & relevant international models availableAppropriate & relevant international models available Avoid reinvention of wheelsAvoid reinvention of wheels Customise/contextualise international models for domestic applicationCustomise/contextualise international models for domestic application


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