Presentation on theme: "Abstract Expressionism"— Presentation transcript:
1Abstract Expressionism By: Christy Balewski&Sam Bush
2What it is…Abstract Expressionism is a painting movement in which artists typically applied paint rapidly, and with force to their huge canvases in an effort to show feelings and emotions.non-geometrically, sometimes applying paint with large brushes, and looks as if to be an accident but is really quite planned.
3History… European artists began moving to America during WW II. The main result of the new American fascination with Surrealism was the emergence of Abstract Expressionism.Produced in New York roughly betweenJackson PollackOcean Greyness1953
4Made New York the center of the art world, and was often called the “New York School”. Artists wanted to establish theirindependence from European surrealistsand other art trends.Abstract Expressionism was the firstart movement to influence artistsover seas, rather than vice versa.
5Emphasized the depiction of emotion’s rather then objects. Arshile Gorky was the artist to put this movement into motion, because his art ideals were obtained from Surrealism, Picasso, and Miro.Emphasized the depiction of emotion’s rather then objects.Paintings consisted of shapes, lines, and forms meant to create a separate reality from the visual world.
6“What was to go on the canvas was not a picture, but an event.” Hans HoffmanRising Moon“What was to go on the canvas was nota picture, but an event.”Critic- Harold Rosenberg
7European InfluenceEuropean Surrealists obtained their notion of the unconscious mind, from Sigmund Freud.Many Americans at this time, derived Carl Jung’s theory- the “collective unconscious” holds that beneath ones private memories, is a store house of feeling and symbolic thoughts.With all the European influence, Abstract Expressionists sought universal themes within themselves.
8Action/Gestural Painting One of the two techniques for Abstract Expressionism was known as Action Painting.A style of painting which paint is spontaneously dripped, splashed or smeared onto the canvas, rather then being carefully applied.Willem de Kooning- Paris Review1979
9Jackson Pollock ( )Influenced by Mexican muralist painters, and Surrealism.Canvases were usually on the floor, or the wall where he dripped or poured on the paint.Used knives, sticks, or towels instead of brushes.Occasionally putting sand, broken glass, or other matter, into his paintings.Resulted in direct expression and “Action Painting”.
13“I have no fears about making changes, destroying the image… because the painting has a life of its own.”Jackson Pollock
14Arshile Gorky (1904-1948) 3 Factors in work of the 1940’s Intense childhood memories of Armenia, prime subject matter.Growing interest in Surrealism.Many discussion with colleagues about Jungian ideas.
15Waterfall- Arshile Gorky (1943) The unstructured shapes, and drips of paint hint at the fluidity of the Waterfall.Waterfall- Arshile Gorky (1943)
17Willem de Kooning A pioneer in Abstract Expressionism. Tried to capture energy and emotion through Action Painting.Alternated between abstract and figural painting.Blended traditional forms, with a sense of uncertainty.
23Franz Kline ( )His works around 1946 had a Cubist structure, or were abstract.Around 1950, he made large calligraphic paintings in black and white.In 1958, Kline introduced color in some of his works.
27Color Field/Chromatic Painting The Second Type of Abstract Expressionism paintings.Paintings with solid area of color covering the whole canvas.Meant to be seen up close, so the viewer is immersed in color.
28Mark Rothko ( )Asymmetrical blocks of color, and painted the edges of his canvases, then displayed them without frames.Titles were unimaginative leaving the interpretation up to the viewer.
29Red, Orange, Tan and Purple Mark RothkoRed, Orange, Tan and Purple1949
34SculpturesDavid Smith is one of the most famous Abstract Expressionism sculptor’sHe created large, steel geometric sculptorsHis motivations were similar to that of the paintersHis most famous sculptors are his Cubi series