Presentation on theme: "Los Países Hispanoparlantes"— Presentation transcript:
1Los Países Hispanoparlantes Spanish-speaking countries
2How many are there?There are 22 different countries that speak Spanish.They are in North America, Central America, South America, Europe, and Africa.Write in the country, capital, nationality, and tidbits on your note sheet.
3Counting ContinentsBy the United States’ definition, there are 7 continents.By the rest of the world’s definition there are 5 or 6 continents.The Americas are one continent and Antarctica doesn’t count.That’s why there are 5 Olympic rings representing the 5 continents.
4#1 The United States el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Los Estados Unidos de AméricaEE.UU.la capital:Washington, D.C.nacionalidad:AmericanThe darker the blue, the more Spanish speakers live there.We are the second-largest Spanish-speaking country behind Mexico with 45 million Spanish speakers!We do not have an official language.
6#2 Mexico el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Méxicola capital:México, D.F.nacionalidad:MexicanAlso made up of states, so it is the United States of Mexico.México, D.F. is the largest city in the western hemisphere. It was built over a lake, so some of the buildings in downtown sink a little every year.D.F. stands for Distrito Federal
8#3 Guatemala el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Ciudad de Guatemalanacionalidad:GuatemalanHas lots of ancient ruins from Aztecs and Mayas.Many of the names come from the native Aztec and Mayan languages.
10#4 Honduras el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Tegucigalpanacionalidad:HonduranWas the first country to be called a “Banana Republic” because it gets most of its income from exporting bananas.Also has lots of Mayan ruins.
16#7 Costa Rica el país: la capital: nacionalidad: San Josénacionalidad:Costa RicanDoes not have an army! It is a relatively safe country that tries to stay out of international politics.Is a popular eco-tourist destination for cloud forests, volcanoes, and sea turtles.
18#8 Panamá el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Ciudad de Panamánacionalidad:PanamanGets 1/3 of income from the canal!Canal is the only way to cross a boat from the Atlantic to Pacific without going all the way around South America.
20#9 Cuba el país: la capital: nacionalidad: La Habananacionalidad:CubanIs an island only 90 miles from Florida, but Americans are not allowed to visit.Is under the communist rule of the Castro family, and the U.S. has an embargo… no trade, no travel.
24#11 Puerto Rico el país: la capital: nacionalidad: San Juánnacionalidad:Puerto RicanIs a tiny island that is actually part of the United States.Is not yet a state, so they don’t pay taxes… but they also don’t get government representation.
26#12 Venezuela el país: La capital: nacionalidad: Caracasnacionalidad:VenezualanHas lots of shoreline on the north end of South America… and there’s lots of oil there!Famous for Angel Falls, the tallest waterfall in the world.
28#13 Colombia el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Bogotánacionalidad:colombianoGets most of its money from exporting oil and coffee.Also has a significant drug trade, so it is one of the least safe countries for travel.
30#14 Ecuador el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Quitonacionalidad:EcuadoranGets its name because it is right on the equator.Owns the Galapagos Islands, which are a national park and international tourist destination.
32#15 Perú el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Limanacionalidad:PeruvianIs mostly mountainous – the Andes mountains – which is home to the potato and the tomato.Is famous for Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan mountain ruin.
36#17 Chile el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Santiagonacionalidad:ChileanIs made up of districts numbered from 1 (in the north) to 11 (in the south).On the north end it has the Atacama Desert, the driest desert in the world.
38#18 Argentina El país: La capital: Nacionalidad: Buenos AiresNacionalidad:ArgentineFamous for cowboys, beef, grapes, and wine.Many families immigrated from Italy and Germany, so there is a lot of blonde hair and blue eyes.
40#19 Uruguay el país: la capital: nacionalidad: Montevideonacionalidad:Uruguayan88% of population are European immigrants from Spain and Italy!It’s a super healthy country – it has the highest birthrates and longest life expectancy in South America!
44#21 España El país: La capital: Nacionalidad: MadridNacionalidad:SpanishIs the country that sent explorers to the new world, which is why so many Latin American countries speak Spanish.Has beautiful old cities and also deserts. Has lots of Arabic influence because it’s so close to Africa.