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What were the causes of the War of 1812?

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Presentation on theme: "What were the causes of the War of 1812?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What were the causes of the War of 1812?

2 Review: Napoleon … France and England … Napoleon sold … Review:
Napoleon wants to conquer the world France and England locked in war Napoleon sold Louisiana to Jefferson England

3 Britain in financial disaster…again
War is …. ! Napoleon used … England … What are England’s options? War is expensive! Napoleon used money from Louisiana Purchase to fund his war England is running out of money and soldiers

4 America pulls a Switzerland
America declares itself … Continues … Rules of War: Neutrality = …

5 Rules of War: Neutrality = Immunity
United States Pacific Ocean Rules of War: Neutrality = Immunity

6 England’s new policy: Impressment
You Shall Not Pass! United States Pacific Ocean England’s new policy: Impressment

7 Hey! That’s against the rules!
England gets desperate England … Impressment (define) … Path to War England kidnaps American sailors Impressment: forcing captured sailors of other countries to fight in your military

8 Britain is meddling in America
Louisiana Purchase United States How is in the land west of the Appalachian mountains? Spanish

9 Tecumseh Chiksika Tecumseh had a brother, named Chiksika (known as the Prophet). The Prophet had a dream one night about a confederation of Indians overthrowing the American settlers and pushing them back over the other side of the Appalachian Mountains. He told Tecumseh it was his fate to form this confederation and push the Americans out. He called for as many Indians as willing to gather at a village in the Northwest Territory. The village became known as Prophetstown. However, even with the Indian forces, Tecumseh knew he could not do this by himself.

10 Britain is meddling in America
Louisiana Purchase United States How is in the land west of the Appalachian mountains? Spanish

11 Tecumseh (Shawnee Indian) Wants to create … Made a treaty with …
Britain send … Tecumseh promised … Tecumseh (Shawnee Indian) Wants to create … Made a treaty with … Britain will give … Tecumseh’s men will …

12 Tecumseh’s men burn dozens of American settlements in the Northwest and Southwest territories.

13 Raids and Retaliation Tecumseh’s men … American militia …
Tecumseh flees … Continues gathering … Raids and Retaliation - Tecumseh’s men burn

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15 President Madison (4th President) Asks Congress to … Congress …
-Asks Congress to declare war on England - Congress agrees. War is declared in June 1812. What next?

16 America vs. England America can’t … Decide to … Still part of …
Canadian Forces No standing army, only militia A few British Regulars Experienced military leaders Couple thousand Indian allies American Forces No standing army, only militia Either really old military leaders Or really young military leaders

17 Canadian/ Indian troops … Americans … Only time an American fort …
Wait! We weren’t ready! Canadian/ Indian troops … Americans … Only time an American fort … Wait! We weren’t ready yet! Canadian/Indians troops sneak attack Fort Detroit Americans lose the fort Only time an American fort is lost to a foreign army Fort Detroit

18 Invasion of Canada

19 Battle of Lewiston – American ... Battle of Montreal – American …
Next two battles Battle of Lewiston – American ... Battle of Montreal – American … Americans finally … War continues at … Next two battles Battle of Lewiston – American loss Battle of Montreal – American loss Battle of Lewiston: Americans trying to cross the Niagara River but are slaughtered Battle of Mmontreal: Two American generals didn’t like each other and couldn’t agree on the plan of attack. They set out with their own plans and end up attacking each other in the night (thinging they were attacking the enemy).

20 Battle at Sea American ship, Constitution vs. British ship, Guerriere A cannon … British think … First … American navy is very small - Privateers (define)

21 Navel victories encouraged … Kentucky militia wants to … Ambushed by …
Trying again Navel victories encouraged … Kentucky militia wants to … Ambushed by … - In 1813, Tecumseh … Indians … Trying Again Navel battle encouraged land forces to try again Kentucky militia wants to retake Fort Detroit Ambushed by Indians during the night (Tecumseh saves them from being slaughtered) In 1813, Tecumseh is killed in battle Indians back out of the war when he dies

22 Bad news for America In 1814, British … British can … Send …

23 Stay Tuned for Next Time: The British Invade America in full force.

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25 What were the consequences of the War of 1812?
War of 1812: Part 2 What were the consequences of the War of 1812?

26 Review: Bad news for America
In 1814, British … British can … Send …

27 Um…We should probably make a real army.
The British Are Coming…Again! America realizes … British plan invade … New York (Lake Champlain) Baltimore (Chesapeake Bay) New Orleans (Louisiana) - Only need … The British Are Coming … Again! America realizes it can’t with without a real army British plan to invade from 3 points New York (Lake Champlain) Baltimore (Chesapeake Bay) New Orleans (Louisiana) Only need one of these to work to win the war Um…We should probably make a real army.

28 British attack the Chesapeake Bay British bombed the …
New American army guarding … British attack the Chesapeake Bay Bombed the area for three days first New American army guarding Washington DC Washington DC is conquered Then White House is burned to the ground

29 Story: The British spent three days traveling up and down the Chesapeake Bay, bombing the towns and cities along the shoreline. Most towns evacuated out of terror. After three days, 4,000 British soldiers landed less than a day’s march from the Washington DC and begins their march. When the newly trained American Army – who is guarding DC – hears the British are on their way, they run and leave the city exposed to invasion. Without anyone to defend them, the residents of DC (including Congress and President Madsen and his wife, Dolley) were forced to abandon the city. The British marched into DC just minutes, literally, after the President fled. In fact, the President had been preparing for a party that evening and was expecting 40 guests. When the British entered the White House they found the dinner table set and the food already cooked and ready to eat. The ranking British officers sat down and had dinner together! After, they burned the White House to the ground. As Dolley Madison left the White House, she had a change to grab a few things. Remember, this is her home and all her stuff was there. What did she grab to save? The original copy of the Declaration of Independence and the painting of George Washington. These are the only two things we have from the original White House. Everythng else was destroyed.

30 British attack the Chesapeake Bay British bombed the …
New American army guarding … Washington DC is … Then … British attack the Chesapeake Bay Bombed the area for three days first New American army guarding Washington DC Washington DC is conquered Then White House is burned to the ground

31 Thank You Dolley!

32 Battle at Fort McHenry …
On to Baltimore! Baltimore guarded by … Huge … Battle at Fort McHenry … https://youtu.be/6hZe8CPGA1E

33 Oh say, can you see by the dawns early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming? Who’s broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight Over the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? And thee rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave Over the land of the free and the home of the brave?

34 Proper Flag Etiquette When an American Flag is being presented or the National Anthem is being sung, it is proper to: Stand Remove your hat (if wearing one) Put right hand over heart until flag passes or anthem is over Do not talk Sit down after the flag has been removed or announcer says to We are not showing respect to a colored piece of cloth. We are showing respect to the people who have sacrificed for our freedoms. We are also showing gratitude for the freedoms we have. Please show proper respect when a flag is being presented.

35 Gettysburg England: 3,812 soldiers 1,328 France:
California: 145,000 France: 2,289 soldiers Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers: Unidentified American soldiers from every war Arlington: 400,000 Belgium: 5,329 France: 5,255 France: 4,410 Colorado: 122,000 Italy: 4,402 England: 3,812 Tennessee: 40,000 Belgium: 7,992 France: 10,489 Hawaii: 34,000 France: 14,246 Netherlands: 8,301 Source: 20 Cemeteries in Europe

36 British try for New York (Lake Champlain) New York guarded by …
Canada British try for New York New York guarded by 3 American forts British lose

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39 British try for New York (Lake Champlain) New York guarded by …
Also lost … Canada British try for New York New York guarded by 3 American forts British lose Also lost in Louisiana

40 War of 1812 Ends… in 1815 3 strikes, England’s out! England can’t …
America can’t … War is a … Treaty of Ghent … All boundaries … Consequences of the War of 1812 America created … England finally accepted … National Anthem … 3 strikes, England’s out! England can’t win America can’t win War is a draw Treaty of Ghent signed to end war All boundaries retuned to way were before Consequences of the War of 1812 America created a permanent military England finally accepted America will be and stay independent National Anthem written

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42 How angry was England at us?
London Times printed the following: Oh, [no one can] save the United States from the blow! Strike! Chastise the savages, for such they are.... Our demands may be couched in a single word--Submission!

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