2Review: Napoleon … France and England … Napoleon sold … Review: Napoleon wants to conquer the worldFrance and England locked in warNapoleon sold Louisiana to JeffersonEngland
3Britain in financial disaster…again War is …. !Napoleon used …England …What are England’s options?War is expensive!Napoleon used money from Louisiana Purchase to fund his warEngland is running out of money and soldiers
4America pulls a Switzerland America declares itself …Continues …Rules of War:Neutrality = …
5Rules of War: Neutrality = Immunity United StatesPacific OceanRules of War: Neutrality = Immunity
6England’s new policy: Impressment You Shall Not Pass!United StatesPacific OceanEngland’s new policy: Impressment
7Hey! That’s against the rules! England gets desperateEngland …Impressment (define) …Path to WarEngland kidnaps American sailorsImpressment: forcing captured sailors of other countries to fight in your military
8Britain is meddling in America Louisiana PurchaseUnited StatesHow is in the land west of the Appalachian mountains?Spanish
9TecumsehChiksikaTecumseh had a brother, named Chiksika (known as the Prophet). The Prophet had a dream one night about a confederation of Indians overthrowing the American settlers and pushing them back over the other side of the Appalachian Mountains. He told Tecumseh it was his fate to form this confederation and push the Americans out.He called for as many Indians as willing to gather at a village in the Northwest Territory. The village became known as Prophetstown. However, even with the Indian forces, Tecumseh knew he could not do this by himself.
10Britain is meddling in America Louisiana PurchaseUnited StatesHow is in the land west of the Appalachian mountains?Spanish
11Tecumseh (Shawnee Indian) Wants to create … Made a treaty with … Britain send …Tecumseh promised …Tecumseh (Shawnee Indian)Wants to create …Made a treaty with …Britain will give …Tecumseh’s men will …
12Tecumseh’s men burn dozens of American settlements in the Northwest and Southwest territories.
13Raids and Retaliation Tecumseh’s men … American militia … Tecumseh flees …Continues gathering …Raids and Retaliation- Tecumseh’s men burn
15President Madison (4th President) Asks Congress to … Congress … -Asks Congress to declare war on England- Congress agrees. War is declared in June 1812.What next?
16America vs. England America can’t … Decide to … Still part of … Canadian ForcesNo standing army, only militiaA few British RegularsExperienced military leadersCouple thousand Indian alliesAmerican ForcesNo standing army, only militiaEither really old military leadersOr really young military leaders
17Canadian/ Indian troops … Americans … Only time an American fort … Wait! We weren’t ready!Canadian/ Indian troops …Americans …Only time an American fort …Wait! We weren’t ready yet!Canadian/Indians troops sneak attack Fort DetroitAmericans lose the fortOnly time an American fort is lost to a foreign armyFort Detroit
19Battle of Lewiston – American ... Battle of Montreal – American … Next two battlesBattle of Lewiston – American ...Battle of Montreal – American …Americans finally …War continues at …Next two battlesBattle of Lewiston – American lossBattle of Montreal – American lossBattle of Lewiston: Americans trying to cross the Niagara River but are slaughteredBattle of Mmontreal: Two American generals didn’t like each other and couldn’t agree on the plan of attack. They set out with their own plans and end up attacking each other in the night (thinging they were attacking the enemy).
20Battle at SeaAmerican ship, Constitution vs. British ship, GuerriereA cannon …British think …First …American navy is very small- Privateers (define)
21Navel victories encouraged … Kentucky militia wants to … Ambushed by … Trying againNavel victories encouraged …Kentucky militia wants to …Ambushed by …- In 1813, Tecumseh …Indians …Trying AgainNavel battle encouraged land forces to try againKentucky militia wants to retake Fort DetroitAmbushed by Indians during the night (Tecumseh saves them from being slaughtered)In 1813, Tecumseh is killed in battleIndians back out of the war when he dies
22Bad news for AmericaIn 1814, British …British can …Send …
23Stay Tuned for Next Time: The British Invade America in full force.
25What were the consequences of the War of 1812? War of 1812: Part 2What were the consequences of the War of 1812?
26Review: Bad news for America In 1814, British …British can …Send …
27Um…We should probably make a real army. The British Are Coming…Again!America realizes …British plan invade …New York (Lake Champlain)Baltimore (Chesapeake Bay)New Orleans (Louisiana)- Only need …The British Are Coming … Again!America realizes it can’t with without a real armyBritish plan to invade from 3 pointsNew York (Lake Champlain)Baltimore (Chesapeake Bay)New Orleans (Louisiana)Only need one of these to work to win the warUm…We should probably make a real army.
28British attack the Chesapeake Bay British bombed the … New American army guarding …British attack the Chesapeake BayBombed the area for three days firstNew American army guarding Washington DCWashington DC is conqueredThen White House is burned to the ground
29Story: The British spent three days traveling up and down the Chesapeake Bay, bombing the towns and cities along the shoreline. Most towns evacuated out of terror. After three days, 4,000 British soldiers landed less than a day’s march from the Washington DC and begins their march. When the newly trained American Army – who is guarding DC – hears the British are on their way, they run and leave the city exposed to invasion. Without anyone to defend them, the residents of DC (including Congress and President Madsen and his wife, Dolley) were forced to abandon the city.The British marched into DC just minutes, literally, after the President fled. In fact, the President had been preparing for a party that evening and was expecting 40 guests. When the British entered the White House they found the dinner table set and the food already cooked and ready to eat. The ranking British officers sat down and had dinner together! After, they burned the White House to the ground.As Dolley Madison left the White House, she had a change to grab a few things. Remember, this is her home and all her stuff was there. What did she grab to save? The original copy of the Declaration of Independence and the painting of George Washington. These are the only two things we have from the original White House. Everythng else was destroyed.
30British attack the Chesapeake Bay British bombed the … New American army guarding …Washington DC is …Then …British attack the Chesapeake BayBombed the area for three days firstNew American army guarding Washington DCWashington DC is conqueredThen White House is burned to the ground
32Battle at Fort McHenry … On to Baltimore!Baltimore guarded by …Huge …Battle at Fort McHenry …https://youtu.be/6hZe8CPGA1E
33Oh say, can you see by the dawns early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?Who’s broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fightOver the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?And thee rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.Oh say, does that star-spangled banner yet waveOver the land of the free and the home of the brave?
34Proper Flag EtiquetteWhen an American Flag is being presented or the National Anthem is being sung, it is proper to:StandRemove your hat (if wearing one)Put right hand over heart until flag passes or anthem is overDo not talkSit down after the flag has been removed or announcer says toWe are not showing respect to a colored piece of cloth. We are showing respect to the people who have sacrificed for our freedoms. We are also showing gratitude for the freedoms we have. Please show proper respect when a flag is being presented.
35Gettysburg England: 3,812 soldiers 1,328 France: California: 145,000France:2,289 soldiersTomb of the Unknown Soldiers: Unidentified American soldiers from every warArlington:400,000Belgium: 5,329France: 5,255France: 4,410Colorado: 122,000Italy: 4,402England: 3,812Tennessee: 40,000Belgium: 7,992France: 10,489Hawaii: 34,000France: 14,246Netherlands: 8,301Source:20 Cemeteries in Europe
36British try for New York (Lake Champlain) New York guarded by … CanadaBritish try for New YorkNew York guarded by 3 American fortsBritish lose
39British try for New York (Lake Champlain) New York guarded by … Also lost …CanadaBritish try for New YorkNew York guarded by 3 American fortsBritish loseAlso lost in Louisiana
40War of 1812 Ends… in 1815 3 strikes, England’s out! England can’t … America can’t …War is a …Treaty of Ghent …All boundaries …Consequences of the War of 1812America created …England finally accepted …National Anthem …3 strikes, England’s out!England can’t winAmerica can’t winWar is a drawTreaty of Ghent signed to end warAll boundaries retuned to way were beforeConsequences of the War of 1812America created a permanent militaryEngland finally accepted America will be and stay independentNational Anthem written
42How angry was England at us? London Times printed the following:Oh, [no one can] save the United States from the blow! Strike! Chastise the savages, for such they are.... Our demands may be couched in a single word--Submission!