Presentation on theme: "Ethnocentrism ⊛Ethnic groups are inherently ethnocentric – regarding their own cultural traits as NATURAL, CORRECT, and SUPERIOR, in contrast to those."— Presentation transcript:
Ethnocentrism ⊛Ethnic groups are inherently ethnocentric – regarding their own cultural traits as NATURAL, CORRECT, and SUPERIOR, in contrast to those of the “other” whose ways are ODD, AMUSING, INFERIOR, and possibly IMMORAL ⊛“Hidden” ethnicity ● Dominant group’s characteristics are taken for granted ● “Ethnicity” that is not a factor in day-to-day interaction ⊛Ethnocentrism is “necessary, but not sufficient” for a system of ethnic stratification to occur. (M&M, p. 3)
One Size Fits All The story of Procrustes ⊛He kept a house by the side of the road where he offered hospitality to passing strangers, who were invited in for a pleasant meal and a night's rest in his very special iron bed. Procrustes described it as having the unique property that its length exactly matched whomsoever lay down upon it. ⊛How did the bed work? As soon as the guest lay down Procrustes went to work upon him, stretching him on the rack if he was too short for the bed and chopping off his legs if he was too long.
Acculturation and Assimilation ⊛Monocultural – maintain original culture only, settle with others from same culture (Chinatowns, “Little ----” ⊛Culturally unique - Acknowledge second culture but keep unique identification “Chicanos” ⊛Acculturated – maintain second culture ⊛Assimilated – Abandon original culture ⊛Choice or forced ⊛ Korzenny, ⊛ anicAcculturationAssimilation.pdf anicAcculturationAssimilation.pdf
Discussion on the value of assimilation ⊛Sooner of later every minority person faces the identity question.... assimilation vs acculturation dilemma... As used by social scientists, assimilation is allowing one's original culture to be overidden by the dominant culture. Acculturation is acquiring the capability to function within the dominant culture while retaining one's original culture. The distinction seems subtle but is fraught with not-so-subtle social and psychological implications statistical evidence of both assimilation and acculturation... Mixed-race Asian Americans evidence a notable degree of assimilation, especially in light of the fact that in most parts of the U.S. anti-miscegenation laws weren't outlawed until the late 1960s. Other statistics suggest Asian Americans prefer to acculturate while retaining their Asian heritage... ⊛...As of million Asian Americans (71.4% of the AA pop.) spoke English "very well". Yet at home 54% nevertheless spoke an Asian language, suggesting an effort to preserve Asian heritage even among those who had acquired the ability to function in the mainstream. ⊛ In the final analysis, the assimilation vs acculturation decision can only be made individually......physical identification factor induces some of us to see ourselves as having neither the ability nor the incentive to assimilate like the Irish, Germans, Russians, Italians, Jews, Poles and other European groups. Others believe that socio-economic status and not the mirror is the primary criterion for mainstream acceptance.... Ultimately, the million-dollar question isn't whether we can assimilate, but whether we should. What are the advantages and disadvantages of retaining our identities as Asians in a white-majority society? What's the price paid by those who choose to assimilate? What's better for the U.S. as a nation?
Stages of Assimilation -Milton Gordon ⊛Acculturation ● learning culture, language, and value system of the dominant group ⊛Integration (structural assimilation) ● Secondary – group members enter public institutions and organizations of the dominant society ● Primary – group members enter cliques, clubs, and friendship groups of the dominant society ⊛Intermarriage (marital assimilation) ● Large scale intermarriage with dominant group
Points of View Individualism vs. Collectivism
Developmental Model of Cultural Competency – Milton Bennett ⊛Ethnocentric stages ● Denial – “Why do we need to build a ramp for wheelchairs? It costs money, and none of our clients use wheelchairs.” ● Defense – “Women really are better caregivers. They should be nurses, not surgeons.” ● Minimization – “Why do we have to study other cultures? People are just people.”
Developmental Model of Cultural Competency – Milton Bennett ⊛Ethnorelative stages ● Acceptance- ”Senior management values diversity but why do we have to hire Latino doctors? We already have Latinos on staff in housekeeping.” ● Adaptation- “When I have a patient who does not speak English well, I try to put myself in his or her shoes.” ● Integration – “I feel equally at home with the Asian employees as I do with the Caucasian employees.”