Presentation on theme: "Eliminating Sporadic Noise in Engineering Writing"— Presentation transcript:
1 Eliminating Sporadic Noise in Engineering Writing This chapter covers:Spelling and spell checkersPunctuationSentence errorsTechnical usageEditing
2 Spelling and Spell Checkers Watch out for these . . .it’s vs itsthere vs their vs they’reaffect vs effectprincipal vs principleyour vs you’reAnd there are more!
3 Commas Introductory-element comma: Although the CHIP House took about US$1 million to develop,producing a duplicate would cost around US$300,000.Nonintroductory element (no comma):Producing a duplicate of the CHIP House would cost around US$300,000.Compound-sentence comma:The energy efficiency of the CHIP House makes it stand out on its own, but its smart features move it beyond the typical green-conscious home.Noncompound-sentence element (compound predicate):Tomorrow’s engineers will have to be able to manage information overload and communicate skillfully in a variety of media.Restrictive- and nonrestrictive-element comma:Heat that is generated by the air conditioning is used to make hot water.The CHIP House, which stands for ”Compact Hyper-Insulated Prototype,” was started with the goal of creating a net-zero energy home.
4 Semicolons Closely related independent clauses: The CHIP House’s most striking feature is the insulation fitted aroundthe entire 750-square foot home; this makes it look like a giant mattress but also preserves the interior temperature.Series elements with internal punctuation:The team is made up of Seth Deleery, vice-president of marketing; Nat Beers, director of research; Ruth Ustby, assistant director of training and human relations; and Cate Kanapathy, chief avionics engineer.
5 Colons Complete sentence introducing a list: For the final exam you will need several items: a pencil, a calculator, and three sheets of graph paper.Complete sentence introducing a statement:The line-of-sight in a communication satellite can be a problem: communication satellites can see the earth's surface only between about 83 degrees north latitude and 83 degrees south latitude.
6 ParenthesesResistor R5 introduces feedback in the circuit (see Figure 5).This reference book (published in 1993) still contains useful information.Typical indoor levels of radon average 1.5 picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity per unit volume of air).Whenever I design a circuit (like this one), I determine the values of thecomponents in advance.I have already calculated the values of the resistors. (R1 is 10.5 K, and R2 is 98 .) The next step is to choose standard values.
7 DashesEmphasis: Staying up all night to finish a lab project is not so terrible——once in a while.Summary: Reading all warnings, wearing safety glasses and hardhats, andavoiding hot materials——all these practices are crucial to sensibleworkshop procedure.Insertion: My opinion——whether you want to hear it or not——is that the drill does not meet the specifications promised by our supplier.
8 Hyphens Punctuation problem: We used a 16 key keypad. Revision: We used a 16-key keypad.Punctuation problem: We knew Marienet made klystrons would be able togenerate a GHz microwave.Revision: We knew Marienet-made klystrons would be able to generate a9.395 GHz microwave.Punctuation problem: The equation assumes a one dimensional plane wave propagation inside the horn.Revision: The equation assumes a one-dimensional plane-wave propagation inside the horn.Punctuation problem: Research showed the computer aided studentsimproved their grades dramatically.Revision: Research showed the computer-aided students improved theirgrades dramatically.
9 Quotation MarksThe manager stressed to the whole group that the key word was‘‘Preparedness.’’‘‘The correct answer is 18.2 Joules,’’ he told me.We had heard about the ‘‘Four-Star Marketing Plan,’’ but no one remembered what it involved.We left the game right after the band played ‘‘The Eyes of Texas’’; it was too darned hot and humid to stay any longer.Their manager bluntly asked, ‘‘Are we on schedule?’’What is the meaning of the term ‘‘antepenultimate’’?
10 Subject-Verb Agreement Agreement problem: This combination of electrical components constitute asingle-pole RC filter.Revision: This combination of electrical components constitutes a single-poleRC filter.Agreement problem: A 35 mm film of some high buildings are strongly recommended.Revision: A 35 mm film of some high buildings is strongly recommended.Agreement problem: Only one of the pre-1925 high-rise structures were damagedin the quake.Revision: Only one of the pre-1925 high-rise structures was damaged in thequake.
11 Modifier problemsModifier problem: After testing the mechanism, the theory behind it was easily understood.Revision: After testing the mechanism, we easily understood the theory.Modifier problem: Once having completed needed modifications and adjustments, the equipment operated correctly and met all specifications.Revision: Once we had completed needed modifications and adjustments, the equipment operated correctly and met all specifications.Modifier problem: By the age of 4, her father knew that she would be anengineer.Revision: By the time his daughter was 4, her father knew that she would be an engineer.
12 Unclear pronounsPronoun problem: We will study the terrain by soil analysis and computer simulation before reaching a decision on whether construction can take place here. This will also enable us to . . .Revision: This study will also enable us to . . .Pronoun problem: Back in 1954, three researchers made a series of discoveries about the unknown sources of Barbour’s early notebooks. These prompted them to further investigate . . .Revision: These discoveries prompted the three to further investigate . . .
13 ParallelismParallelism problem: The back-up system should be efficient, should meet safety specifications, and have complete reliability.Revision possibilities:The back-up system should be efficient, should meet safety specifications, and should be completely reliable.orThe back-up system should be efficient, meet safety specifications, and be completely reliable.
14 FragmentsFragment: She decided to major in petroleum engineering. Even though it wouldtake five years.Revision: She decided to major in petroleum engineering even though it wouldNonproblem fragment: The Kinectimals video game lets players pet a virtualpet on their TV screen. But not actually groom their pets remotely!Revision: The Kinectimals video game lets players pet a virtual pet on their TVscreen—but not actually groom their pets remotely!
15 Sexist LanguageSexist language: Every engineer should be at his workstation by 9 a.m.Revision possibilities:Every engineer should be at his or her workstation by 9 a.m.Engineers should be at their workstations by 9 a.m.Sexist language: An employee can expect a lot of challenges during hiscareer here.Revision: Employees can expect a lot of challenges during their careers here.Sexist language: Every technician must wear safety glasses when he entersthe work area.Revision: Technicians must wear safety glasses when entering the work area.Sexist language: Sarah is chairman of the new committee on marketingstrategy.Sarah is chair of the new committee on marketing strategy.Sarah is chairing the new committee on marketing strategy.
16 Abbreviations Good uses of acronyms: Then it goes into read-only memory (ROM).To understand our billing process, you first need to know what a British Thermal Unit (BTU) is.an MTCR (Missile Technology Control Regime)an LED readoutan SRU pinan ultrasonic frequency (but a UHF receiver)We ordered a case of DVDs.We weren’t satisfied with the last CD-ROM’s performance.orWe weren’t satisfied with the performance on the last CD-ROM.
17 Numbers two transistors 232 stainless steel bolts three linear actuators 12 capacitorsMake sure that the rim of the basket is exactly 10 feet from the floor.She presented three arguments to support her assertion.There are now thousands of apps for the iPhone.On Wikipedia, there are over three million articles in English.orOn Wikipedia, there are over 3 million articles in English.The IPET has 4000 members and 134 chapters in 6 regions.The project calls for eight 6-foot boards.2-1/2 liters 32-2/3 km
18 Units of MeasurementNotice the space between the number and the unit of measurement:70 ns 100 dB12 V 34.62m23 e/cm3 6Wb/m2No periods:212◦F (100◦C)5.08cm (2 in)