Ambiguous: Jerry and Owen are brothers, but he has always been taller. (Who is “he”?) Clear: Jerry and Owen are brothers, but Owen has always been taller. Jerry and Owen are brothers, but the latter has always been taller. Jerry and Owen are brothers, but the former has always been taller. Ambiguous: She enjoys oranges, bananas, and grapes, but they are her favorite. (Which ones?) Clear: She enjoys oranges, bananas, and grapes, but oranges are her favorite.
Ambiguous: Mr. Jones told Billy that he needed to study. (Which person needed to study?) Clear: Mr. Jones told Billy, “You need to study.” Mr. Jones told Billy, “I need to study.” Ambiguous: When Jim’s son was a year old, he decided to get married again. (Who is getting married?) Clear: Jim decided to get married again when his son was a year old.
A_____ Mary and Tom left their bags at the ticket counter, but then they weren’t sure if their bags were safe. B_____ Mary and Tom left their bags at the ticket counter, but then they weren’t sure if they were safe. A_____ The boat bumped the edge of the dock, but the dock didn’t need many repairs. B______ The boat bumped the edge of the dock, but it didn’t need many repairs. A_____ Although Mike was a real sports fan, his brother never became interested in them. B_____ Although Mike was a real sports fan, his brother never became interested in sports.
a.___ Although I enjoyed chemistry and biology, I never fully understood them. b.___ Although I enjoyed chemistry and biology, I never fully understood biology. c.___ Although I enjoyed chemistry and biology, I never fully understood it. a.___ After Smith had fought Jones, he ran around the ring and shouted for joy. b.___ Jones ran around the ring and shouted for joy after he had fought Smith. When the eggs were served to the customers, they often looked green. Elaine had to stay home with her little sister because she had been naughty. Before the tourists mingle with the natives, they should be inoculated.
Symbolism “... everything can assume symbolic significance: natural objects (like stones, plants, animals, men, mountains and valleys, sun and moon, wind, water, and fire), or man-made things (like houses, boats, or cars), or even abstract forms (like numbers, or the triangle, the square, and the circle)... " (Carl Gustav Jung, Man and His Symbols, 1964)
Cindy stared out the broken window at the dark, gloomy clouds as her finger traced the single raindrop that made its way down the glass. She thought about the argument she had with her boyfriend Mike. The argument had caused them to break-up.
Pare -to cut off the outer coating layer, or part of.
Draw a picture of an item that means something to you. In as few words as possible tell why it is a symbol. Do not include the name of the item in your explanation. Example: I would draw a bluebird. It symbolizes the outdoorsy love and compassion of my nanny. She loved birds and loved to teach her grandkids about nature.
ALLUSION -an indirect reference to another idea, person, character, place, event, artwork, or thing in history or another work of literature. -used to enhance the meaning of the work " The killer wore a mark of Cain as he stalked his brother" - refers to the bible story: Cain and Abel.
“Christy didn't like to spend money. She was no Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything except the bare necessities.”
Get the Gist of Allusions Learn to recognize them. – Capitalized words that are not familiar. – Long descriptions that seemingly do not fit the plot. – Similes and metaphors to unconventional (uncommon) items. – Notice recurrent comparisons, descriptions, and references. – Think about an author’s intentions/choices (why grapes and not strawberries?). – Recognize parallels and shifts in attitude. – Understand the hidden meanings of names. (Don’t be a Judas.) – Also, subtle references like Jim Casey = JC = Jesus Christ Learn to interpret them. – Be familiar with historic and literary contexts. – Ask people who are more comfortable with a certain culture. Brainstorm possible links. – Don’t be afraid to research (visit Google if needed). – Understand how allusions relate and connect to the rest of the plot.
The cinnamon rolls were huge and golden brown, reminiscent of the twisted buns on the sides of Princess Leia's head. Tracy, teaching candidate at the University of La Verne The romance between that man and I was no Romeo and Juliet, but we will sacrifice for each other in any situation. Hieu Nguyen, in Grade 9
My brother tricked me and ran just like Road Runner. Chris H. in Grade 7 at Lufkin Road Middle School "I am afraid of spiders, but I'm no cowardly lion!" from Emily in Grade 6 at Worsley School. The family of three sat there like the three bears eating their porridge. Arielle Avant in Grade 9 at Cheyenne Mountain H. S.
"The day was young and I was looking forward to the afternoon. I was suppose to go out on a date, but my plans were changed. All my siblings were gone, but I had been in the house slaving like Cinderella, scrubbing the floors on my hands and knees, washing clothes and dishes and making everyones' beds". from Crystal B. in Grade 11 at Oakland high My friends and I were the real three stooges at Jelly Beans because we were horsing around and pushing and shoving each other. Nick in Grade 7 at Lufkin Road Middle School
Allusion Activity: Think of folk tales, myths, historical events, movies, or book characters. Pick 5 characters and write down several characteristics for each them. Pick three of your characters and write three sentences for each using that character as an allusion. Each sentence should include the name of one of the characters and appropriately call to mind that character’s traits.