Section Summary In 1337, The English King Edward III declared himself king of France. The same year, England and France fought the first long series of battles, known was the “Hundred Years’ War.” The English defeated the French at the battle of Crecy in1346 again at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. The English had their success from the longbow, which shot steel tipped arrows. The French used a short bow and their arrows weren’t as sharp as the English and worse overall. The kings of France wanted to fight these battles because they wanted to drive England out for good. In 1429, almost all of France was under English control. Then a 17 year old French peasant named Joan of Arc said that she heard heavenly voices telling her she has to save France. She told Charles and Charles answered by giving her an army, a suit of armor, and white linen banner. She was to save Orleans, one city the English were trying to conquer. Within ten days of fighting, the French defeated the English for control of the city. As a result of this victory, Joan of Arc was known as “Maid of Orleans.” They did this from her courage and braveness to save her country. Both England and France were affected. Last feudal territories were ruled by French kings and English monarchy weakened. Also, because they lost so much people, peasants were demanding wage and better jobs. If they didn’t receive what they wanted, they would revolt.
Current Event Summary The French government is violating human rights and repeating history. They are unfairly assuming a person guilty before he or she is proven guilty. They are not taking proper care of their prisons and prisoners. The prisons were worn down and dilapidated. They were also overcrowded and unclean, which France denies. In 2009, the prisons had 7,500 people with a 4,000 person mass. They also have to pay an expensive fine of $469 to $5,360 for not respecting prisons or violating basic hygiene. There were a few calls of police discrimination and degradation too. There are also many prison suicides. There was no torture or other inhuman punishments. There are also incidents of death from an arrest, heart attack or a shooting for example. Human rights- peasants This is similar to the unfair treatment of the peasants in France. They were important but the higher classes took advantage of them. Only after The Hundred Years War did the peasants stick up for themselves, protesting and demanding better wages and treatment overall. It makes it more relatable to know it’s still happening. It makes it easier to think about and understand to have something to compare it to.