2Orature & The Times Orature = Oral Literature Stories weren’t written They were told and spread by word of mouthPassed between generationsStrong bonding experienceCommunal participation in AfricaEasier telling than learning write and/or readDecline of European oraturePrinting pressMore people reading and writing
3Orature & The Changing Times In the USSlaves mostly kept orature aliveOrature coined as term byPio Zirimu or Ngugi wa Thiong’oFurther Decline fromMoviesRadioStill orally but not passed from generation to the nextTelevision87% literacy rate worldwide
4Examples of OratureFolkloreUrban legendsOrigin mythsPersonal tales
5Common Traits of Orature Frequently origin storiesUsually have a moralWith morally flawed but potentially redeemable characterCan be toldTo teach a lesson to an individual or groupTo entertain
6Orature of Old Many classic stories previously told orally Canterbury TalesLe Morte d’ArthurRigvedaIliadOdyssey
7Orature’s Influences Despite common traits Themes, morals, & genres differ between culturesStories change over time depending on culture and even the storytellerEither modified or discardedVariations in words differ the story as well.
8Benefits to OratureStory can be made appropriate for varying audiencesGreat practice for orationCommittal to memory instead of needing a bookStory can be made to have a personal effect on the listener
9Orature Today Rural people Family stories Campfire Stories Africa South East AsiaFamily storiesCampfire Stories
10Orature’s Rebirth Why orature? We have recording mediums No need to memorize wordsLike collegeOne big reasonWhat if?