Presentation on theme: "Orature By: Johnathan Allen. Orature & The Times Orature = Oral Literature Stories weren’t written – They were told and spread by word of mouth Passed."— Presentation transcript:
Orature & The Times Orature = Oral Literature Stories weren’t written – They were told and spread by word of mouth Passed between generations Strong bonding experience – Communal participation in Africa Easier telling than learning write and/or read Decline of European orature – Printing press – More people reading and writing
Orature & The Changing Times In the US – Slaves mostly kept orature alive Orature coined as term by – Pio Zirimu or Ngugi wa Thiong’o Further Decline from – Movies – Radio Still orally but not passed from generation to the next – Television – 87% literacy rate worldwide
Examples of Orature Folklore Urban legends Origin myths Personal tales
Common Traits of Orature Frequently origin stories Usually have a moral – With morally flawed but potentially redeemable character Can be told – To teach a lesson to an individual or group – To entertain
Orature of Old Many classic stories previously told orally – Canterbury Tales – Le Morte d’Arthur – Rigveda – Iliad – Odyssey
Orature’s Influences Despite common traits – Themes, morals, & genres differ between cultures Stories change over time depending on culture and even the storyteller – Either modified or discarded Variations in words differ the story as well.
Benefits to Orature Story can be made appropriate for varying audiences Great practice for oration Committal to memory instead of needing a book Story can be made to have a personal effect on the listener
Orature Today Rural people – Africa – South East Asia Family stories Campfire Stories
Orature’s Rebirth Why orature? – We have recording mediums – No need to memorize words Like college – One big reason » What if?