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Presentation on theme: "COLONIAL AND NATIVE AMERICAN Weapons"— Presentation transcript:

By Joseph Liotta 7A2 ID2

Native American bows were used in war, but they weren’t only used there; they were used mainly for hunting. Hunting was so important that when kids were only 3,they learned how to hold the bow and arrow. At 5 years old, they learned how to shoot the arrows ( fake ones) and at age 12, kids got to take part in their first hunt. The bow and arrow was very useful because it was a long range weapon which made long range sneak attacks easy.

3 TOMAHAWKS Tomahawks were the most DEVASTATING weapon the Native Americans had. It is fired from a ship or submarine and it can create huge explosions and will destroy anything in its path. Their design is big and long, heavy, full of uranium/plutonium, powerful, and DEVASTATING!

4 TOMAHAWKS Tomahawks were the most DEVASTATING weapon the Native Americans had. Its fired from a ship or submarine and it can create huge explosions and will destroy any thing in its path. Their design is long, big, heavy, full of uranium/plutonium, powerful, and DEVASTATING ! That’s all a lie. Tomahawk missiles weren't invented until later. Native American tomahawks looked more like axes.

5 REAL TOMAHAWKS A tomahawk is a type of an axe.
At first, a tomahawk was just a sharp stone tied to a stick. Then they were carved out of wood and decorated. Modern day tomahawks are still made like axes, but with VERY sharp steel instead of wood. The Native Americans used tomahawks to kill their enemies and to cut wood, animal skin and other things that would need to be cut (like the scalp of the enemy…)

6 CLUBS Ball Club There were 6 types of clubs that were used in war and hunting. The 6 types of clubs were: gunstock (1.), ball club (2.), iron bladed clubs (3.), paddle club (4.), buffalo jaw bone club (5.), and a stone head club (6.). Some gunstock clubs were made from a stolen musket. A blade was just added to make it a more painful club. Ball clubs and stone head clubs could also be made for an older child. They were struck at the enemy until he or she died. Some southern tribes would put a blade on the “ball” of a ball club to make it more painful. Iron bladed clubs had the same use of the gunstock club. Paddle clubs were commonly used by the Powhatan. This might be the club that almost killed John Smith. A paddle club is struck at a enemy, possibly cutting through a bone. The buffalo jaw bone clubs were fancy tomahawks. Gunstock Club Ball Club Paddle Club Iron Bladed Club Buffalo Jaw Bone Club Stone Head Club

7 SPEARS AND KNIVES Spear heads were made out of stone or animal bone. In hunting and war, the spear was thrown at the target from a short distance and in fishing, the fisherman would quickly stab a fish from the boat. Ewoks used spears in Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. Ewoks aren't Native Americans, they are aliens from a galaxy far, far away. The blades of crooked knives were originally made from beaver teeth but were quickly switched to metal blades through European trade. The Native people used crooked knives for whittling and scraping tree bark. Daggers were used to hunt and to attack in war. Scalping knives were used to scalp prisoners and enemies.

8 THE RIFLE The earliest rifles date back to the 1400’s.
They had straight grooves. In the 1800’s, gun makers later realized a spiral groove will make the bullet spin; making more accurate shots. This important discovery lead to inventions like the Winchester rifle (shown here).

9 BROWN BESS Brown Bess was the British musket used from 1722 until 1838. It was so popular that it was used by some Native American tribes, the Americans, the Mexicans, and even the Zulu warriors in Africa! The sea service pattern musket(top)was used in naval battles. The Indian pattern musket (middle) was used by the British in the Boston massacre. The land pattern musket (bottom)was used in land wars. The muskets weren't very accurate until 1838 when the grooves were fixed and the modern musket was invented. The origins of the name of Brown Bess are unclear, however it may come from the German term for “brown rifle” - braun Büchse. The weapon was made during the reign of King George I, who was born in Germany.

10 CANNONS The cannon was the biggest gun in colonial times. During that time period, the cannon was one of the most powerful weapons in the world. It either had wheels attached to it for transportation, or it was placed on a battleship, in case of a naval attack. The cannon and musket both had similar barrels and had almost the same functions. To load the cannon (and the musket), you would have to load black powder into the barrel, pack cotton wadding to compress the powder, slide the cannon ball in, and tamp it down to make the cannon ball (or bullet) secured and compacted. When the cannons fuse was lit, the black powder would burn, causing an explosion, which would force the cannon ball out forward at a rapid speed until it hits something.

One type of cannon ball, called the Chain Shot (ex. 1), was separated into halves and connected by a chain. It was able to tear up bodies or destroy the sail of an enemy ship. Another type of cannonball, called the Bar Shot (ex. 2), would rip apart anything it hit. Its main job was to break apart the body of an enemy ship. The Mortar Shell (ex. 3), is basically a bomb with a lit fuse that is fired from a cannon. The mortar explodes when the fuse burns down into the center of the mortar which is filled with gunpowder. ex ex ex. 3

12 NAVAL SHIPS David Bushnell built the first man propelled submarine boat with a wooden torpedo containing gunpowder and a clock mechanism for igniting it at any particular time. Although he was not successful in three attempts to destroy British ships during the American Revolution, he is recognized as the father of the modern submarine. The Bushnell Submarine, aka, The Turtle (Pic 3) was a small and oval shaped sub that was 7 feet long, 6 feet high and 3 ½ feet wide at the middle. It was nicknamed The Turtle, because it was made out of giant oval oak beams that looked like turtle shells! The cockpit was only big enough to hold 1 man! Pic 3 Commodore John Paul Jones (pic 1) of the Continental Navy was the first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolutionary War. In 1779, his ship the “Bonhomme Richard” (pic 2) attacked the British ship, the, “HMS Serapis” in a 4 hour, bloody, close - range battle. When asked by the British if Jones wanted to give up, he responded, “I’ve not yet begun to fight!” At the end of the battle,the Serapis surrendered, even though the Bonhomme Richard sunk later in the day from the fierce battle. Pic Pic 2

13 Sources and URLs Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Clip Art wmf Page 5

14 Sources and URLs Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9

15 Sources and URLs Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Books Murray, Aaron R., ed. American Revolution Battles and Leaders . New York: DK Publishing, Inc Pgs. 33, 36, 63, 85. Lefkowitz, Arthur S. Bushnell’s Submarine: the best kept secret of the American Revolution. New York: Scholastic NonFiction Pgs. 23, 24, 41

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