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: Author: Deborah Hopkinson : Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: What challenges do immigrants encounter?

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Presentation on theme: ": Author: Deborah Hopkinson : Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: What challenges do immigrants encounter?"— Presentation transcript:

1 : Author: Deborah Hopkinson : Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: What challenges do immigrants encounter?

2 Small Group Timer

3 Story Sort Vocabulary Words: Arcade Games Study Stack Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Spelling Words

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5 they’re you’ve weren’t needn’t there’d they’ve mustn’t what’ll doesn’t hadn’t could’ve would’ve should’ve might’ve wouldn’t who’ve shouldn’t who’d this’ll couldn’t there’ve mightn’t what’ve needn’t there’ll

6 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

7 advice advised circumstances elbow hustled immigrants luxury newcomer peddler crannies greenhorn pushcarts Ellis Island immigration Registry Room Vocabulary WordsMore Words to Know

8 Question of the Day What challenges do immigrants encounter?

9 Build Concepts Cause and Effect Summarize Build Background Vocabulary Fluency: Model Pauses Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Spelling: Contractions Life in a New Country

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11 Listen as I read “Journey to Ellis Island.” As I read, notice how I pause at points to help convey the tension and anxiety felt by the characters in this story. Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12 What causes the man with the bucket of milk to get angry at Yehuda? How does the Weinstein family feel on this day?

13 Ellis Island – small island in the harbor of New York, just south of Manhattan. From 1891 to 1943 it housed reception facilities for new immigrants.Ellis Island immigration – act of coming into a country or region to live (Next Slide)

14 Registry Room – place on Ellis Island in which registration of new immigrants took placeRegistry Room (Next Slide)

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17 (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

18 Personal Challenges Experiences Feelings Life in a New Country

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20 Write words and phrases you associate with immigration. As you read, think about the challenges immigrants encounter when arriving in a new country. This week’s audio explores challenges and hardships that immigrants to New York City faced at the turn of the century. After we listen, we will discuss how you might have tried to overcome these challenges or hardships.

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22 advice – an opinion about what should be done advised – gave advice to; offered an opinion circumstances – conditions that accompany an act or event elbow – to push with the elbow; make your way by pushing

23 hustled – hurried along immigrants – people who come into a country or region to live luxury – something pleasant but not necessaryluxury newcomer – a person who has just come or who came not long ago

24 peddler – a person who travels about selling things carried in a pack or in a truck, wagon, or cartpeddler

25 crannies – small, narrow openings; cracks; crevices greenhorn – a person without training or experience pushcarts – light carts pushed by handpushcarts (Next Slide)

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29 Grammar Common and Proper Nouns

30 our adress is 610 east river drive Our address is 610 East River Drive. the driver doe’snt no how to get their The driver doesn’t know how to get there.

31 One early morning in December 1900, a sixteen-year-old boy left Ellis Island and made his way alone into New York City. This sentence contains three proper nouns: December, Ellis Island, New York City. They are capitalized because they name a particular month, island, and city.

32 The names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. Alexi Bishop lives in Seattle, Washington, a city of the Northwest.

33 All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized. Our family has always wanted to live in the mountains or on the coast. Capitalize the first word and all important words in a title. The Wind in the Willows

34 Capitalize days of the week and months of the year. Class meets on Mondays in May.

35 Capitalize the first letter of an abbreviated proper noun. Abbreviations often occur in addresses, titles, initials for names, and names of days and months. Most abbreviations end with a period. The envelope went to Ms. M.R. Ryan, 1410 Montgomery St., Raleigh, NC It was postmarked Wed., Sept. 27.

36 mississippi river Mississippi River a wrinkle in time A Wrinkle in Time monday, sept. 26 Monday, Sept. 26 mrs. juanita campos Mrs. Juanita Campos

37 907 main st., flagstaff, az 907 Main St., Flagstaff, AZ captain john smith Captain John Smith the president of the company girl scouts of america Girl Scouts of America

38 president washington President Washington sioux city, iowa Sioux City, Iowa

39 New York, Texas, Mississippi,... proper trees, bushes, flowers, … common Canada, France, India,… proper

40 ocean, river, pond,... common Mr. Smith, Ms. Jones, … proper

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42 they’re you’ve weren’t needn’t there’d they’ve mustn’t what’ll doesn’t hadn’t could’ve would’ve should’ve might’ve wouldn’t who’ve shouldn’t who’d this’ll couldn’t there’ve mightn’t what’ve needn’t there’ll

43 Question of the Day In what ways is America different from Romania?

44 Context Clues Cause and Effect Sequence Vocabulary Fluency: Echo Reading Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Spelling: Contractions Social Studies: Tenement Museum Life in a New Country

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48 Turn to page 122, the last paragraph and the first full paragraph on 123. Notice that I pause at commas and dashes. Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings of these paragraphs.

49 Grammar Common and Proper Nouns

50 ask grandpa otie about our familys history Ask Grandpa Otie about our family’s history. his parents came hear from germany His parents came here from Germany.

51 Names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized.

52 Words formed from proper nouns are called proper adjectives, such as England (proper noun) and English tea (proper adjective).

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54 they’re you’ve weren’t needn’t there’d they’ve mustn’t what’ll doesn’t hadn’t could’ve would’ve should’ve might’ve wouldn’t who’ve shouldn’t who’d this’ll couldn’t there’ve mightn’t what’ve needn’t there’ll

55 Question of the Day How are Marcus’s expectations of America different from what he finds?

56 Cause and Effect Summarize Vocabulary Fluency: Model Pauses Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Spelling: Contractions Social Studies: Ellis Island Life in a New Country

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59 Turn to page 127, first two paragraphs. Notice how I pause at commas, periods, and colons. Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings of these paragraphs.

60 Grammar Common and Proper Nouns

61 do your family have old photographs of relatives Does your family have old photographs of relatives? look at this picture of grandma lila Look at this picture of Grandma Lila.

62 Names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized.

63 Words formed from proper nouns are called proper adjectives, such as England (proper noun) and English tea (proper adjective).

64 Using proper nouns can make writing clearer and more specific. Review something you have written to see if you can improve it by adding proper nouns.

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66 they’re you’ve weren’t needn’t there’d they’ve mustn’t what’ll doesn’t hadn’t could’ve would’ve should’ve might’ve wouldn’t who’ve shouldn’t who’d this’ll couldn’t there’ve mightn’t what’ve needn’t there’ll

67 Question of the Day What thoughts and feelings might an immigrant experience upon leaving his or her homeland?

68 Reading Across Texts Fluency: Partner Reading Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Spelling: Contractions Social Studies Center: Learn About Immigration

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71 Turn to page 127, first two paragraphs. Read these paragraphs three times with a partner. Be sure to read with appropriate pauses. Offer each other feedback.

72 Grammar Common and Proper Nouns

73 whod guess that tiny babie in lace would become the mother of ten chilren Who’d guess that tiny baby in lace would become the mother of ten children. a hundred years ago, familes was much larger A hundred years ago, families were much larger.

74 Names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized.

75 Test Tip: You many need to decide which titles should be capitalized as proper nouns. A title used as part of a name is capitalized, even if it is abbreviated.

76 Title as part of name: General Robert E. Lee Title abbreviations as part of name: Sen. John Smith, Jr. Not part of name: The general and the senator talked for hours.

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78 they’re you’ve weren’t needn’t there’d they’ve mustn’t what’ll doesn’t hadn’t could’ve would’ve should’ve might’ve wouldn’t who’ve shouldn’t who’d this’ll couldn’t there’ve mightn’t what’ve needn’t there’ll

79 Question of the Day What challenges do immigrants encounter?

80 Build Concept Vocabulary Cause and Effect Paraphrase Context Clues Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Spelling: Contractions Electronic Encyclopedia Life in a New Country

81 The cause is what made something happen. The effect is what happened as the result of a cause. Sometimes an author will use clue words such as so and because to show a cause-and-effect relationship, but not always.

82 An effect may have more than one cause, and a cause may have more than one effect. Effect Cause Effect Cause Effect

83 To paraphrase something is to put it in your own words. A paraphrase should keep the author’s ideas and overall meaning, but it should be easier to read than the original. When you paraphrase, think about what the author is trying to say. Do not add any opinions of your own. Use your own words.

84 Many words in English have more than one meaning. One way to tell which meaning the author intended is to look for context clues in surrounding words. Use context clues to determining the correct meaning of the multiple- meaning words in Shutting Out the Sky. Write a second definition for each word. Use a dictionary if necessary.

85 WordMeaning in StorySecond Definition left trunks still

86 Where might you find information about a subject like Angel Island or Ellis Island? You could consult an electronic encyclopedia for information. An encyclopedia gives general information about many topics. It can be a general or technical encyclopedia.

87 A technical encyclopedia gives information on topics related to a specialized field such as medicine or engineering. Electronic encyclopedias are on CD- ROMS or online. Encyclopedias are organized alphabetically by entries.

88 Entries are the topics contained in the encyclopedia. Keyword searches are used to locate entries in an electronic encyclopedia. Many entries in an electronic encyclopedia include cross-references, or links to more information about the topic you are researching.

89 Electronic entries often include graphics, maps, and audio files related to the topics.

90 Grammar Common and Proper Nouns

91 many imigrants came from europe Many immigrants came from Europe. they werent afraid to work or try knew things They weren’t afraid to work or try new things.

92 Names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized.

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94 they’re you’ve weren’t needn’t there’d they’ve mustn’t what’ll doesn’t hadn’t could’ve would’ve should’ve might’ve wouldn’t who’ve shouldn’t who’d this’ll couldn’t there’ve mightn’t what’ve needn’t there’ll

95 Story test Classroom webpage, Reading Test AR Other Reading Quizzes Quiz #


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