Listen as I read “Journey to Ellis Island.” As I read, notice how I pause at points to help convey the tension and anxiety felt by the characters in this story. Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
What causes the man with the bucket of milk to get angry at Yehuda? How does the Weinstein family feel on this day?
Ellis Island – small island in the harbor of New York, just south of Manhattan. From 1891 to 1943 it housed reception facilities for new immigrants.Ellis Island immigration – act of coming into a country or region to live (Next Slide)
Registry Room – place on Ellis Island in which registration of new immigrants took placeRegistry Room (Next Slide)
Write words and phrases you associate with immigration. As you read, think about the challenges immigrants encounter when arriving in a new country. This week’s audio explores challenges and hardships that immigrants to New York City faced at the turn of the century. After we listen, we will discuss how you might have tried to overcome these challenges or hardships.
advice – an opinion about what should be done advised – gave advice to; offered an opinion circumstances – conditions that accompany an act or event elbow – to push with the elbow; make your way by pushing
hustled – hurried along immigrants – people who come into a country or region to live luxury – something pleasant but not necessaryluxury newcomer – a person who has just come or who came not long ago
peddler – a person who travels about selling things carried in a pack or in a truck, wagon, or cartpeddler
crannies – small, narrow openings; cracks; crevices greenhorn – a person without training or experience pushcarts – light carts pushed by handpushcarts (Next Slide)
our adress is 610 east river drive Our address is 610 East River Drive. the driver doe’snt no how to get their The driver doesn’t know how to get there.
One early morning in December 1900, a sixteen-year-old boy left Ellis Island and made his way alone into New York City. This sentence contains three proper nouns: December, Ellis Island, New York City. They are capitalized because they name a particular month, island, and city.
The names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. Alexi Bishop lives in Seattle, Washington, a city of the Northwest.
All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized. Our family has always wanted to live in the mountains or on the coast. Capitalize the first word and all important words in a title. The Wind in the Willows
Capitalize days of the week and months of the year. Class meets on Mondays in May.
Capitalize the first letter of an abbreviated proper noun. Abbreviations often occur in addresses, titles, initials for names, and names of days and months. Most abbreviations end with a period. The envelope went to Ms. M.R. Ryan, 1410 Montgomery St., Raleigh, NC 27607. It was postmarked Wed., Sept. 27.
mississippi river Mississippi River a wrinkle in time A Wrinkle in Time monday, sept. 26 Monday, Sept. 26 mrs. juanita campos Mrs. Juanita Campos
907 main st., flagstaff, az 907 Main St., Flagstaff, AZ captain john smith Captain John Smith the president of the company girl scouts of america Girl Scouts of America
president washington President Washington sioux city, iowa Sioux City, Iowa
New York, Texas, Mississippi,... proper trees, bushes, flowers, … common Canada, France, India,… proper
ocean, river, pond,... common Mr. Smith, Ms. Jones, … proper
Turn to page 122, the last paragraph and the first full paragraph on 123. Notice that I pause at commas and dashes. Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings of these paragraphs.
whod guess that tiny babie in lace would become the mother of ten chilren Who’d guess that tiny baby in lace would become the mother of ten children. a hundred years ago, familes was much larger A hundred years ago, families were much larger.
Names of particular persons, places, and things are proper nouns. Capitalize the first word and each important word of a proper noun. All other nouns are common nouns. They are not capitalized.
Test Tip: You many need to decide which titles should be capitalized as proper nouns. A title used as part of a name is capitalized, even if it is abbreviated.
Title as part of name: General Robert E. Lee Title abbreviations as part of name: Sen. John Smith, Jr. Not part of name: The general and the senator talked for hours.
Question of the Day What challenges do immigrants encounter?
Build Concept Vocabulary Cause and Effect Paraphrase Context Clues Grammar: Common and Proper Nouns Spelling: Contractions Electronic Encyclopedia Life in a New Country
The cause is what made something happen. The effect is what happened as the result of a cause. Sometimes an author will use clue words such as so and because to show a cause-and-effect relationship, but not always.
An effect may have more than one cause, and a cause may have more than one effect. Effect Cause Effect Cause Effect
To paraphrase something is to put it in your own words. A paraphrase should keep the author’s ideas and overall meaning, but it should be easier to read than the original. When you paraphrase, think about what the author is trying to say. Do not add any opinions of your own. Use your own words.
Many words in English have more than one meaning. One way to tell which meaning the author intended is to look for context clues in surrounding words. Use context clues to determining the correct meaning of the multiple- meaning words in Shutting Out the Sky. Write a second definition for each word. Use a dictionary if necessary.
WordMeaning in StorySecond Definition left trunks still
Where might you find information about a subject like Angel Island or Ellis Island? You could consult an electronic encyclopedia for information. An encyclopedia gives general information about many topics. It can be a general or technical encyclopedia.
A technical encyclopedia gives information on topics related to a specialized field such as medicine or engineering. Electronic encyclopedias are on CD- ROMS or online. Encyclopedias are organized alphabetically by entries.
Entries are the topics contained in the encyclopedia. Keyword searches are used to locate entries in an electronic encyclopedia. Many entries in an electronic encyclopedia include cross-references, or links to more information about the topic you are researching.
Electronic entries often include graphics, maps, and audio files related to the topics.