Presentation on theme: "FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT’S THE NEW DEAL 1933-1945 Fireside Chats."— Presentation transcript:
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT’S THE NEW DEAL 1933-1945 Fireside Chats
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon Standard 11.6 Students analyze the different explanations for the Great Depression and how the New Deal fundamentally changed the role of the federal government.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon The Presidential Election of 1932 Franklin Delano Roosevelt defeated Herbert Hoover FDR’s slogan-Happy Days are Here Again FDR had a New Deal for the American people 25% unemployment and 10 million lost jobs Banks collapsed and the Dust Bowl affected the farmers FDR would restore the economy
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon The beginning of the New Deal FDR closed the banks & gave them a holiday. He didn’t want people to withdraw their money He passed the Emergency Banking Relief Act to balance the budget. The National Industrial Recovery Administration (1933) provided money for public works. The government monitored big business and labor. Federal Emergency Relief Administration (1933) provided grants for unemployed.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon The beginning of the New Deal Agricultural Adjustment Act raised market prices for crops and livestock. Farmers destroyed the surplus of crops. Tennessee Valley Authority built dams that provided electricity for the poorest communities. FDR was successful in the 1 st 100 days because Congress worked with him.
The beginning of the New Deal One Hundred Days- passed many laws to stimulate the economy. Fireside Chats-Communicated with public and reassured people that the economy would recover.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon President Roosevelt’s New Deal Relief, Recovery and Reform-helped control the depression, and prevent a future depression Public Works Administration-gave out contracts for public works to stimulate economy Federal Reserve Bank-money is insured. supervise banks, an agent for the Federal government, and promote a healthily economy
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon NEW DEAL PROGRAMS & LAWS Federal Emergency Relief Act( 1933)- provided grants for the poor National Labor Relations Act (1935)-Guarantee workers the right to organize and bargain Social Security Act (1935)-protect workers with insurance for unemployment and old age Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)- provide work for the single, unemployment men.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon NEW DEAL PROGRAMS & LAWS Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- protect depositors in case of bank failure Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)-protect investors and regulate the stock exchange. United States Housing Authority (USHA)- lend money to local cities for low cost housing
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon The power of unions The Wagner Act improved working conditions and rights of workers. The unions increased their bargaining power. The union power expanded to auto workers Bargaining tactic:sit-down- workers would go to work but would sit down and not work.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon Critics of the New Deal African-Americans didn’t believe that they received very much from the New Deal. Conservatives thought that the policies were too socialistic. Some thought that farms were wasting food. Dr. Francis E. Townsend believed that elderly weren’t being protected.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon Critics of the New Deal Huey Long believed that businesses weren’t sharing the wealth. “ Every man was king.” Father Charles E. Coughlin views were fascist and Anti-Semitic and anti- business.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon The legacy of the New Deal The policies like Social Security still impact our society. FDR wanted to pack the Supreme Court with people who supported the New Deal. His actions were ruled unconstitutional. FDR reshaped the way the Executive Branch is run.( the use of a cabinet & advisors) He centralized the power of the president.
Standard 11.6 Created by L. Carreon The legacy of the New Deal Mary McLeod Bethume headed the National Youth Administration. He appointed the first woman to a cabinet position – Secretary of Labor-Frances Perkins The economy didn’t improve quickly, but it gave people hope.