3 What do you call a narrow body of land with water on three sides? A peninsula
4 What is the name of the mountain range in the northern part of Italy? The Alps
5 What is the name of the mountain range that runs through Italy? Apennines
6 How is the geography of Italy different from the the geography of Greece? 1. The mountains are easier to cross 2. Italy has better farmland
7 How did the geography of Italy promote unity more than the geography of Greece? Because the mountains were easier to cross people were able to interact easy so they weren’t as isolated from each other.
8 What first attracted people to settle in the area that’s now Italy? The area had a mild climateand rich soil.
9 How did the geography of Rome make it a good place to settle? 1. Rome was near the Tiber River, which was a good source of water. 2. The river was far enough away fromRome so people weren’t afraid of being attacked by pirates. 3. Rome was built on 7 hills which made it hard to attack.
10 What first attracted people to settle in the area that’s now Italy? The area had a mild climateand rich soil.
11 What were the names of the two twin brothers who legend says founded Rome? Romulus and Remus
12 What term is used to describe the first people to settle in Rome? Latins
13 What did the Latins learn from the Greeks who settled in Rome? How to grow olives and grapes.
14 What influence did Greek technology have on the Latins? - Romans copied the Greek alphabet - Romans modeled their architecture, sculpture and literature after the Greeks.
15 What was the name of the group of people north of Rome who came in and took control of Rome for more than 100 years?Etruscans
16 What were the “strengths” of the Etruscan people? They were skilled metalworkers - They were successful miners and tradersThe forced enslaved people to do the most difficult work for them. - They had a very strong army
17 What were some major changes that the Etruscans made to Rome? - They built wood and brick buildings - They designed streets, temples and public buildings
18 What group of peoples first wore togas? The Etruscans
20 What positive effect did Etruscan rule have on Rome? Rome became wealthy and powerful when the Etruscans were in charge.
21 What does the word rebel mean? To fight against a group or ideaTo protest
22 Why did the Romans rebel against the Etruscans? The Etruscan ruling family,the Tarquins, was very cruel
23 What do you call a government in which the leader is voted into office? A republic
24 How did Rome manage to grow from a small city to a large empire? They fought against and conquered their neighbors
25 Why were the Romans able to take over most of Italy? They had a very strong military with excellent soldiers.
26 Who served in the military? Every male citizen who owned land
27 What term is used to describe people who leave the military without permission? deserters
28 How were deserters in the Roman army punished? They were killed.
29 The long rows upon rows of soldiers were slow and hard to control. Why did Roman armies change the way they lined up and marched in battle?The long rows upon rows of soldierswere slow and hard to control.
30 What term was used to describe the smaller groups that the Roman army was divided into? legions
31 What advantage did the Roman legions have over other militaries? Because they were smaller in number they could cut through enemy lines.
32 A short sword that Romans used. What is a gladius?A short sword that Romans used.
33 A spear that the Roman military used. What is a pilum?A spear that the Roman military used.
34 What do you call the large poles that each unit in the Roman army carried into battle? A standard
35 They built permanent military settlements in those areas. What did the Romans do to help maintain control over the territories they conquered?They built permanent military settlements in those areas.
36 They built roads connecting them. What did the Romans do to make it easier to travel between their military settlements?They built roads connecting them.
37 The Roman Confederation What do you call the type of government that the Romans set up to rule the conquered territories?The Roman Confederation
38 What did the Roman Confederation do to help to make sure that the conquered people didn’t revolt? They treated them pretty well. They let them take care of local issues as long as they paid taxes to the Roman government. They sometimes let them become Roman citizens.