# TYPE 0: expresses general truths & facts IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE PRESENT If you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils. When you drink too much,

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TYPE 0: expresses general truths & facts IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE PRESENT If you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils. When you drink too much, you get drunk.

TYPE 1 : expresses a possibility for the PRESENT or FUTURE IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTURE If the weather is nice, we will go to the park.

If you don’t go to bed early enough, you will be tired tomorrow. If you don’t wear sun cream, you will get burnt. If you don’t take a coat, you will be cold later. If you oversleep, you will be late for work.

Modals can also be used in order to show a degree of certainty: If you don’t wear sun cream, you can/may get burnt. I can/may go to the party if I get lots of work done today.

Unless can also be used in place of if + not: I will not go unless you drive me there. = If you dont drive me there, I won’t go. You will never improve your English unless you do your homework. = If you don’t do your hw, you will never improve your English.

FATHER: It's not time to make a change Just relax, _1 ________ it _____ You're still young, that's your fault There's so much you have to know Find a girl, _2_____________ If you want you can marry _3_____________ me, I am old, but I'm happy I was once like you are now, and I know that it's not easy To be calm when you've found something _4__________ But take your time, think a lot Why, _5_________ everything you've got For you will still be here tomorrow, but your dreams may not SON: How can I try to explain, when I do he _6________ again It's always been the same, same old story From the moment I could talk I was ordered to listen Now there's a way and I know that I have to _7_______ I know I have to go FATHER: It's not time to make a change Just _8___________, take it slowly You're still young, that's your fault There's so much you have to _9__________ Find a girl, _10__________ If you want you can marry Look at me, I am old, but I'm happy SON : All the times that I cried, keeping all the things I knew inside It's hard, but it's harder to ignore it If they were right, I'd agree, but it's them you know not me Now there's a way and I know that I have to _11_______

FATHER: It's not time to make a change, Just relax, take it easy You're still young, that's your fault There's so much you have to know Find a girl, settle down If you want you can marry Look at me, I am old, but I'm happy I was once like you are now, and I know that it's not easy To be calm when you've found something going on But take your time, think a lot Why, think of everything you've got For you will still be here tomorrow, but your dreams may not SON: How can I try to explain, when I do he turns away again It's always been the same, same old story From the moment I could talk I was ordered to listen Now there's a way and I know that I have to go away I know I have to go FATHER: It's not time to make a change Just sit down, take it slowly You're still young, that's your fault There's so much you have to go through Find a girl, settle down If you want you can marry Look at me, I am old, but I'm happy SON: All the times that I cried, keeping all the things I knew inside, It's hard, but it's harder to ignore it. If they were right, I'd agree, but it's them you know not me. Now there's a way and I know that I have to go away.

TYPE 2: IMPROBABLE OR UNREAL SITUATION in the present or future. In the mind of the speaker, this action is: - possible but improbable - it can still happen or - highly IMPROBABLE, so it will NEVER happen IF + SIMPLE PAST + PRESENT CONDITIONAL If I studied, I would pass. If my family had the money, we would buy a new house.

if clausemain clause Simple Past would + infinitive or could + infinitive If I studied,I would pass the exams. If I studied,I could pass the exams. If I studied,I would pass the exams. I would pass the examsif I studied The if-clause can be at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. Examples Form

Were instead of Was In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use ‚were ‘ – even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it –. Example: If I were you, I would not do this. If you were nicer to him, he could lend you the money. If I were you, I would stay at home and do my homework. If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain.

If you did your homework, you wouldn’t get told off. If she paid her bills, she wouldn’t get into trouble. If he went to bed earlier, he wouldn’t be so grumpy. If he told her off, she would cry. If I ate as much chocolate as you do, I would be sick. If she did her homework, she would learn more quickly.

I want to build a school but I dont have enough money. If I had enough money I would build a school. Now, do I have money? Tom wants to read French novels but he doesnt know French. If Tom knew French, he would read French novels. Fred wants to play basketball but he is short. If Fred wasn’t short, he would play basketball.

1.If we (have) a yacht, we (sail) the seven seas. If we HAD a yacht we WOULD SAİL the seven seas. 2. If he (have) more time, he (learn) karate. If he HAD more time, he WOULD LEARN karate. 3. If they (tell) their father, he (be) very angry. If they TOLD their father, he WOULD BE very angry. 4. She (spend) a year in the USA if it (be) easier to get a green card. She WOULD SPEND a year in the USA, if it WAS/WERE easier to to get a green card. 5. If I (live) on a lonely island, I (run) around naked all day. If I LIVED on a lonely island, I WOULD RUN around naked all day.

1.We (help) you if we (know) how. We WOULD HELP you if we KNEW how. 2. My brother (buy) a sports car if he (have) the money. My brother WOULD BUY a sports car if he HAD the money 3. If I (feel) better, I (go) to the cinema with you. If I FELT better, I WOULD GO to the cinema with you. 4. If you (go) by bike more often, you (be / not) so flabby. If you WENT by bike more often, you WOULDN’T BE so flabby. 5.She (not / talk) to you if she (be) mad at you. She WOULD NOT TALK to you if she WAS/WERE mad at you.

Jack wants to drive a car but he doesn’t have a driving license. If Jack had a driving license, he would drive a car. Mary wants to be a model but she is very fat. If Mary wasn’t/ weren’t fat, she would be a model. Tom wants to speak with tourists but he doesn’t know English. If Tom knew English, he would speak with tourists. Mary wants to make a cake but there isn’t any sugar. If there was/were sugar, Mary would make a cake.

Amy: Hello, how are you? Jack: I’m really well. How about you? Amy: Oh, I’m fine thanks. Jack: Where’s Sam? Amy: Oh, he’s running a bit late, would you like a drink? Jack: Yes please, just an orange juice for now, though. I get really drunk if I drink more than a couple. Amy: How’s work? Jack: It’s really busy. This is the first night in weeks that I’ve finished before 7. Amy: That’s awful. If you don’t take care of yourself, you’ll make yourself ill. Jack: I think it’s a bit too late for that. I’m always ill. If something’s going around, you can guarantee I’ll get it. Amy: Well, if you took better care of yourself, you would be ill less often.

Amy: Oh, here’s Sam. Sam: Hi. How are you? Hi Mum. Jack: Really good. Amy: Hello darling. Did you have a good day? I’m just going to put some food together in the kitchen. Can you answer the door, if anyone else arrives? Jack: How are you Sam? Sam: Well, I’m not going to lie to you, I’m pretty happy today, but my job is very hard work. I certainly couldn’t do it forever. I’ll probably move on in another year or so unless they make me an offer I can’t refuse. Jack: You drink so fast. If you don’t slow down, you’ll be drunk by the time your Mum returns with the food! Sam: You’re right. I should probably slow down…

Imagine... Imagine if there weren't any violence... Would you sleep with your front door unlocked? Imagine if there weren't any diseases... Would you run wild? Imagine if there weren't any laws... Would you be a criminal? Imagine if there weren't any difference... Would you want to be the same as me? Imagine if people didn't die... Would you want to live forever? Imagine if the world was perfect.. Would you still want to live in it? Written By : Candace Henry

wish/if only + subject + past tense Present Wishes I wish I had a chance to speak to her. (but I don’t now) I wish I was single. ( but I am married) I wish she came to my party. (but she doesn’t come) = If only she came to my party.

I wish that I had a sports car. (The truth is I don't have a sports car.) I wish that I were a doctor. (I'm really not a doctor.) She wishes (that) she had a diamond ring. He wishes (that) he were rich. We wish you were here. I wish (that) I were taller.

If I had a lot of money, I would buy a house. I wish I had a lot of money. (The truth is that you don’t have a lot of money.) If I knew Japanese, I would work in Tokyo. I wish I knew Japanese (The truth is that you don’t know Japanese.) I wish I had a better job. If I had a good job, I would be much happier. (The truth is that you don’t have a good job.) I wish I knew how to type. If I knew how to type, I would be able to get a better job. (The truth is that you don’t know how to type.)

He wishes he were the mayor. If he were mayor, he would solve the homeless problem. (The truth is that he is not the mayor.) If I were taller, I would play basketball. I wish I were six feet tall. (The truth is that you are not tall.)

I wish I ……………………

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