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AMERICAN LITERATURE. Revolutionary period Revolution started in 1773 with Boston Tea Party First autors were scientists, politicins, philosophers so literature.

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Presentation on theme: "AMERICAN LITERATURE. Revolutionary period Revolution started in 1773 with Boston Tea Party First autors were scientists, politicins, philosophers so literature."— Presentation transcript:

1 AMERICAN LITERATURE

2 Revolutionary period Revolution started in 1773 with Boston Tea Party First autors were scientists, politicins, philosophers so literature had political character Benjamin Franklin ( )-scientist and journalist, work: Autobiography Thomas Pain ( ) work: Common sence

3 Revolutionary period pt.2 Thomas Jefferson ( ) Author of the Declaration of the Indenpendence Third president of the U.S.A. Founder of the university in Virginia Optimistic Aproach to life

4 First National period 1.Romantic writers Washington Irving - ( ) work: Rip Van Winkle Edgar Allan Poe - ( ) - he mainly wrote short stories inspired by gothic novels: The Pit and the Pendulum The Mask of the Red Death - Famous is his poem The Raven - Died for alcohol poisoning James Fenimore Cooper - ( ) Last of the Mohikans

5 First National Period pt.2 2. Transcendentalis Inspired by Kant and Coleridge, interested in nature and the limits of human mind Ralph Waldo Emerson- esseys, speeches Henry Thereau- philosopher and scientist

6 First National Period pt.3 3.Novelists Nathaniel Hawthorne - Inspiredby the Transcendentalists - work: The Scarlet Letter Hermann Melville – worked on the whale ship - work: Moby Dick, Typee 4.Poets Henry Wadsworth Longfellow – poet and translator, wrote the epic The Song of Hiawatha

7 The Critical Realism 1.Novelists Jack London ( ) journalist, inspired bysocialist ideas works:Sea Wolf, White Fang Mark Twain ( ) printer, boater and humourist Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn

8 The Critical Realism pt.2 2.Poets Emily Dickinson ( ) wrote 1800 poems which weren‘t published until her death, greatest american poet Walt Whitman ( ) journalist, the first poet who wrote in the free verse

9 The 20 th century 1.Fiction of the 1920s [ “the Jazz Age”, the Lost Generation] Francis Scott Fitzgerald ( ) work: The Great Gatsby Sinclair Lewis ( ) first American writer who get Nobel prize Ernest Hemingway( )Work: Farewell to the Army

10 The 20 th century pt.2 2. II. World War reflection Joseph Heller ( )- Served as pilot works: Catch 22 Closing hour Norman Mailer (1923-?) Fought in Pacific works: Naked and Death Marilyn William Styron (1925-?) work: Sophia's choice

11 The 20 th century pt.3 3.The Depression years John Steinbeck ( ) Nobel prize winner works: Of Mice and Man, The Grapes of Wrath William Faulkner ( ) another Nobel prize winner works: The Sound And Fury

12 The 20 th century pt.4 4.Poets Erza Pound ( ) founder of “Imagism” Thomas Stearns Elliot ( ) Nobel Prize winner Works: Wasteland Carl Sandburg ( )

13 The 20 th century pt.5 5.Beat Generation Jazz, Buddhist philosophy and psychotropic drugs Allen Ginsberg(1926 – 1997) work: poem Howl Jack Kerouac: ( ) spokesman of Beatniks, work: On the Road (manifest of the Beat)


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