Presentation on theme: "OL Jump Start Get your map and instruction sheet from the front table You have the first 10 minutes to finish What you do not finish IS HOMEWORK."— Presentation transcript:
OL Jump Start Get your map and instruction sheet from the front table You have the first 10 minutes to finish What you do not finish IS HOMEWORK
Manifest Destiny The belief that America should spread from coast to coast!
3 “Manifest Destiny” Belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast
American Progress by George A. Crofutt and John Gast 4 1.Who is the woman in white? 2.What two objects is she holding? 3.What are the pioneers doing? 4.What types of transportation can be seen? 5.What are the Native Americans and animals doing? 6.What direction are they traveling? 7.What is your opinion of manifest destiny as it is depicted in this painting?
Reasons for Manifest Destiny: Political Fear of foreign powers invading Spanish, French, English, and Mexican Desire to spread Democracy and the “American” way of life Desire to spread the institution of slavery
Reasons for Manifest Destiny: Economic Belief that people could become more wealthy (Gold rush, natural resources) Land speculators bought huge tracts of land and sold it for a profit
Reasons for Manifest Destiny: Social Racism Escape from religious persecution (Mormons) Famine and economic struggles Irish potato famine (1845-1850) Belief that all people should own plot of land to keep the country free “American Dream”
Pop Quiz: Missouri Compromise 1. Shade the two states involved 2. Draw and label the latitude line involved 3. Explain the terms of the compromise 4. Explain the main purpose of the compromise
10 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1776 Great Britain US declared independence from Great Britain A - 13 Original Colonies
11 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1783 Great Britain Results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War) B B - Western Lands
12 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1803 France Napoleon needed $ Jefferson wanted to buy New Orleans He got all of this instead! B C - Louisiana Purchase C
13 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1819 Spain Andrew Jackson invaded Spain then sold it to us for $5 million B D - Florida C D
14 Thinking Question (don’t write this down!! Just think!) Why weren’t Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history?
15 Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk Elected President in 1844 11 th President We have skipped a few… Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other President
Texas Independence March 1, 1836: Texas declared Independence Elected Sam Houston as PresidentSam Houston Houston’s troops attacked Santa Ana at San Jacinto in April 1836 Under force, Santa Ana signs Treaty of VelascoSanta Ana signs Treaty of Velasco Mexican government rejected the treaty and never recognized Texas Independence
U.S. Annexation of Texas Texas immediately asks for annexation by U.S. Annexation: to incorporate a territory into another North opposes because they fear spread of slavery Texas remains an independent nation until March 1, 1845 Mexico sees annexation as a declaration of war
Factors Leading to Mexican-American War Mexican anger over annexation of Texas (1845) Dispute over Texas/Mexican border Nueces River or Rio Grande Instability of Mexican government 19 governments in 25 years Polk Administration’s drive to expand U.S. Polk saw his mandate as creating a coast-to-coast nation Southerners hoped to expand slavery into Texas
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Terms: Recognized Texas as part of the U.S. Gave up the Mexican Cession (1848) Annexed half of Mexico to the U.S. U.S. Paid $15 million to Mexico for territory. Created Rio Grande as border In 1853 Gadsden Purchase solidifies southern boundary Wanted to extend Trans- Continental Railroad Mexico sells it to us for $10 million “from sea to shining sea”
Oregon: 54° 40’ or Fight! In his campaign, Polk talked about taking all of Oregon 54° 40’ or Fight! Was one of his slogans Rather than fight, he settled for half U.S. and Britain decide to divide Oregon Extended the boundary already dividing the U.S. and Canada Boundary remains today
21 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1845 Republic of Texas Texas independent from Mexico in 1836 Northerners feared it would become a slave state Annexed in 1845 despite Northern fears B E - Texas C E D
22 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1846 Great Britain Claimed by four countries (Britain, Russia, Spain, & US) Americans demanded “54 ° 40’ or fight!” Britain compromised 49 ° & US accepted B F - Oregon Territory C E F D
23 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1848 Mexico Polk offers to buy “G” from Mexico & they refuse War! US wins In Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for “G” B G - Mexican Cession C E F G D
Postcard Perspectives- PAP Create a postcard from two perspectives: Mexican Citizen, Texas Citizen You are writing after the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Your postcard must include: 1. Your opinion of the Mexican-American AND Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 2. 3 main terms of the Treaty 3. Picture symbolizing your viewpoint (MUST be in color)
California Gold Rush and the 49-ers! James Marshall was building a sawmill when he spotted gold in the river Word got out and people from all over the world raced to California in 1849 Mexico, South America, Europe, Australia, China- 20,000! Nick-named the Forty-Niners Thousands of men hoped to get rich quick then go home The majority did not gain any wealth and could not afford to return home By 1852, all of the gold was gone but California now had a population of over 250,000 Could now become the first state in the West
26 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1853 Mexico Wanted it to build a railroad Sold it to U.S. for $10 million Part of today’s Arizona and New Mexico Solidifies our southern border B F- Gadsden PurchaseGadsden Purchase D C E F G F
Jigsaw: Trails West You will be researching 3 of the main trails used by settlers during Manifest Destiny You will find your information: Creating America pgs. 379-381 Each person in your “home group” (based on group number) will be researching a different trail: Pink: Santa Fe Green: Oregon Orange: Mormon You will move from your “home group” to an “expert group” where all three of you will be researching the same trail (based on color) Once your expert group has read and found the required information, each of you will return to your “home group” and teach the other 2-3 people about your trail
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