Presentation on theme: "2-18-04Lucie Johnson Wundt and the Founding of Psychology."— Presentation transcript:
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Wundt and the Founding of Psychology
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Wundt's Teachers J. Müller: 1855 Wundt studied with him for a year in Berlin G. Fechner: 1887 left all his papers to Wundt. Wundt shared some of his broader interests W. Helmholtz: he was his assistant till 1864. 1862 W. writes his first book: Contribution to a Theory of Sense Perception 1863 writes Lectures on the Minds of Men and Animals
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Wundt's Transitional Period (1865-1871) Independent physiology tutor and associate faculty at Heidelberg 1866-1869 elected to the Second Chamber of the Baden Parliament 1867 he started to teach a course in physiological psychology.
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Academia before Leipzig 1871 offered a regular faculty position at Heidelberg 1873-74 publishes Physiological Psychology, a most important work. 1874-75 Professor in Zurich
2-18-04Lucie Johnson At Leipzig 1875 assumes a chair in Philosophy 1876 starts teaching experimental psychology. 1879 official beginning of lab 1883 lab incorporated into the U. 1897: lab becomes an a whole buildinga whole building 1881 founds first journal in Psychology
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Some of Wundt's important Writings Wundt's major work was the 20 volumes Völkerpsychologie (1900-1920) The book in which he describes his model of the mind is the 1894 Outlines of Psychology Extremely prolific writer: more than 50,000 pages
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Wundt's influence Many students: supervised 116 psychology theses, and 70 philosophy theses American students: James McKeen Cattell, Frank Angell, G. Stanley Hall, Edward Titchener and Lightner Whitmer One woman student: Anna Berliner
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Titchener (1867-1927) Was considered the "official carrier" of Wundt's influence to the US Translated some of Wundt's work Much more pragmatic and mechanistic than Wundt. Wundt's voluntarism becomes Titchener's structuralism. Starts a group of Experimentalists in 1904 (no women allowed)
2-18-04Lucie Johnson Some Early Women Psychologists Christine Ladd Franklin (1847-1930), studied under G.E. Müller in GottingenChristine Ladd Franklin Margaret Floy Washburn (student of Titchener), founder of the Comparative Psychology fieldMargaret Floy Washburn Lucy May Boring (1886-1996), worked w/ her husband, a noted historian of psychology.