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China Frontier workshop NEST New and Emerging Science and Technology Carlos SARAIVA MARTINS DG RTD – Unit B1 Anticipation of Scientific and Technological.

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Presentation on theme: "China Frontier workshop NEST New and Emerging Science and Technology Carlos SARAIVA MARTINS DG RTD – Unit B1 Anticipation of Scientific and Technological."— Presentation transcript:

1 China Frontier workshop NEST New and Emerging Science and Technology Carlos SARAIVA MARTINS DG RTD – Unit B1 Anticipation of Scientific and Technological Needs: Fundamental Research

2 Focusing and Integrating Community research Strengthening the foundations of the ERA Structuring the ERA GenomicsIST Citizens Nanotechnologies. Aeronautics Food Sustainable dev. Thematic priorities FP6 Where does NEST fit in? “Wider field of Science” SMEs International co-operation JRC c NEST Support to policies Marie Curie, Research Infrastructures, Science & Society ERA -Net

3 NEST objectives Stimulate visionary long term research at the frontiers of knowledge, and at the interface between disciplines Give researchers freedom to develop and prove their ideas without preconceptions and within the broadest possible limits

4 Key characteristics of NEST projects Open to any area Research not falling within the Thematic Priorities: multi-disciplinarity Novel and unconventional Well focused objectives, which are ambitious but tangible

5 Modes of operation Bottom-up: ADVENTURE projects INSIGHT projects SUPPORT Focused actions: PATHFINDER initiatives 235 M € Overall Budget

6 Support Actions mandate “focused on the conceptual and practical questions associated specifically with the research domain of NEST, will be carried out to assist in the development and exploitation of NEST activities.”

7 Towards the Seventh Framework Programme European Commission Research DG February 2006

8 l 1952:ECSC treaty; first projects started March 1955 l 1957:EURATOM treaty; Joint Research Centre set up l 1973:BCR programme l 1983:ESPRIT programme l 1984:First Framework Programme ( ) l 1987:“European Single Act” - science becomes a Community responsibility; Second Framework Programme ( ) l 1990: Third Framework Programme ( ) l 1993:Treaty on European Union; role of RTD in the EU enlarged l 1994: Fourth Framework Programme ( ) l 1998: Fifth Framework Programme ( ) l 2000:European Research Area l 2002: Sixth Framework Programme ( ) l 2005: Proposal for the Seventh Framework Programme ( ) EU research: the story so far

9 Lisbon strategy Research Growth and Jobs EducationInnovation S&T contributes to the Lisbon objectives: economic growth, employment creation, environmental protection, social challenges: fight poverty, improve human health and quality of life

10 Why double the FP7 budget? –Tackle under-investment by exerting leverage on national and private investment –Increase EU spending on R&D : 1.97% of GDP vs 2.59% (US) –Help leverage business R&D (EU wide projects, solutions and market) –Brings EU public R&D spending to 0.96% of GDP (close to 1% target) –Encourage Member States Tackle fragmentation of research effort in the EU and enhance its efficiency and effectiveness –Achieve critical mass, share knowledge and facilities –Better dissemination across the EU –More excellence through EU wide competition –Less fragmentation through stronger coordination

11 What’s new ? Main new elements compared to FP6: l Annual budget doubled (EUR 5 billion ►10 billion) l Frontier research (~ EUR 1.5 billion per year) l Duration of 7 years l Logistical and administrative tasks transferred to external structures

12 Budgets of the EU Framework Programmes

13 Specific Programmes Cooperation – Collaborative research People – Human Potential JRC (nuclear) Ideas – Frontier Research Capacities – Research Capacity JRC (non-nuclear) Euratom + FP

14 FP7 budget

15 European Strategies For International Research Cooperation

16 Aim of EU research:  Support European competitiveness through strategic partnerships with third countries in selected fields of science  Address specific problems facing third countries on the basis of mutual interest and mutual benefit  Address global challenges within the Communities international commitments (e.g., the UN Millennium Declaration)  Use S&T cooperation to reinforce the Community’s external relations and other relevant policy

17 FP7 – Participating countries Full participants of FP7 Third Countries MEMBER STATES ASSOCIATED COUNTRIES INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION PARTNER COUNTRIES ACC (TR, BU, RO) NON-ASSOCIATED CANDIDATE COUNTRIES (none) (Croatia) INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES Candidate Countries

18 International Cooperation Third Countries: Industrialised countries Associated countries International Cooperation Partner Countries:  Countries neighbouring the EU (Mediterranean partner Countries, Western Balkans, Eastern European and Central Asian countries)  Developing countries (ACP, ASIA, Latin America)  Emerging economies (e.g. China, India, Brazil, Russia, South Africa)

19 Specific Programmes Cooperation – Collaborative research People – Human Potential JRC (nuclear) Ideas – Frontier Research Capacities – Research Capacity JRC (non-nuclear) Euratom + FP

20 9 Thematic Priorities (10 ?) 1. Health 2. Food, agriculture and biotechnology 3. Information and communication technologies 4. Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies 5. Energy 6. Environment (including climate change) 7. Transport (including aeronautics) 8. Socio-economic sciences and the humanities 9. Security & Space + Euratom: Fusion energy research, nuclear fission and radiation protection Cooperation – Collaborative research

21 Collaborative research (Collaborative projects; Networks of Excellence; Coordination/support actions) Collaborative research (Collaborative projects; Networks of Excellence; Coordination/support actions) Joint Technology Initiatives Coordination of non-Community research programmes (ERA-NET; ERA-NET+; Article 169) Coordination of non-Community research programmes (ERA-NET; ERA-NET+; Article 169) International Cooperation Cooperation – Collaborative research l Under each theme there will be sufficient flexibility to addressboth Emerging needs and Unforeseen policy needs l Dissemination of knowledge and transfer of results will be supported in all thematic areas l Support will be implemented across all themes through:

22 Cooperation – Collaborative research Opening of all themes to third countries  Build S&T partnerships based on mutual interest  Enhance Europe’s competitiveness  Contribute to implementing EU policies and international commitments effectively

23 Cooperation – Collaborative research Specific International Cooperation actions in themes  Early identification of problems in other parts of the world before these affect Europe  Cooperation with and in third countries in finding solutions to such problems  Dedicated activities within and across themes

24 Ideas – Frontier Research Commission ERC – European Research Council * Created by Commission decision * * Under the responsibility of the Commission l Preparation of work programme l Set up of peer review: pool of reviewers, nomination of review panels, evaluation guidelines l Oversight of the evaluation procedure l Annual scientific report l Information and support to applicants l Reception / eligibility of proposals l Organisation and execution of evaluation l Selection decision l Scientific and financial follow-up of contracts l Annual implementation report l Approval of work programme, as defined by the Scientific Council l Instruction to implement work programme l Approval of annual implementation report l Information to programme committee Scientific Council* Externalised tasks**

25 International Cooperation in IDEAS “Investigator driven approach” Grants will be provided for individual teams, leaving the flexibility for a team to consist of any grouping of researchers appropriate for the conduct of the project. One single institution or several institutions, in one country or across national borders. In all cases, scientific excellence and not administrative requirements should drive the formation of the teams

26 International Cooperation in IDEAS  Aim to integrate the Community into the world-wide research community  Open to INCO participants on basis of mutual benefit or according to relevant concluded agreements  Participation of INCO participants to be justified on basis of added scientific value (excellence)

27 Initial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks Initial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks Life-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes Life-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Scheme Industry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Scheme International dimension Outgoing International Fellowships; Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme; Reintegration grants International dimension Outgoing International Fellowships; Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme; Reintegration grants Specific actions Excellence awards Specific actions Excellence awards People – Human Potential

28 International Cooperation in PEOPLE  International outgoing fellowships  International incoming fellowships  Partnerships to support exchange of researchers  Support of common initiatives between European organizations and countries with S&T agreements  Measures to counter the risk of ‘brain drain’ from developing countries/emerging economies

29 1. Research Infrastructures 2. Research for the benefit of SMEs 3. Regions of Knowledge 4. Research Potential 5. Science in Society 6. Activities of International Cooperation Capacities – Research Capacity

30 Capacities – International Cooperation 1. Policy Dialogue 3. Coordination of National Policies & Activities 2. S&T Cooperation Partnerships 1.Mapping of research needs, building commitment, impact assessments, linking S&T to other policies 2.Involvement of industrial and economic operators, specific focused international activities 3.Set common goals, strategies and policies, use of S&T inputs in foreign, trade and development policies

31 Towards the Seventh Framework Programme (“co-decision”) Council decides by qualified majority except on EP amendments not approved by the Commission FP evaluations Commission Proposal (absolute majority of members) Consultations (online etc) CREST European Research Advisory Board Council European Parliament Opinion Common position Amendments Conciliation: joint text Adoption Direct approval if agreement with EP (within 3 months) (approval within 6 weeks) (approval within 6 weeks) (within 3 months) New ! Commission opinion on EP amendments

32 FP7 Timetable


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