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WITH THE FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION SEE 2020 Smart growth workshop Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 31 Jan – 1 Feb 2013 1.

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Presentation on theme: "WITH THE FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION SEE 2020 Smart growth workshop Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 31 Jan – 1 Feb 2013 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 WITH THE FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION SEE 2020 Smart growth workshop Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 31 Jan – 1 Feb

2 Programming and Prioritisation – SEE Ministerial Smart growth should be built on knowledge and innovation by: i. Promoting „triple helix ‟ linkages between academia, industry and policy makers; ii. Promoting free flows of talent in the region by encouraging SEE economies in achieving bilateral/multilateral universal recognition of diplomas and abolishment of unnecessary visas and permits for students, academia and the business community; iii. Encouraging “brain gain” through targeted networking with the diaspora and creating conditions favourable to eventual return, in particular through the establishment of a supportive entrepreneurial environment; iv. Supporting private and public sector investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co-ordinated policies to enhance innovation and promote the knowledge economy and society; v. Facilitating the participation of enterprises and scientific institutions from SEE in EU programmes and EUREKA and developing effective linkages with European institutions fostering innovation and knowledge (e.g., the European Institute for Innovation and Technology); vi. Raising the level of knowledge absorption via policies that support existing clusters, networks, and centres of excellence to establish a regional cooperation framework fostering knowledge communities; vii. Promoting natural science, maths and engineering studies while enhancing the quality of education provision and existing quality assurance mechanisms; viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase the level of combined public-private sector investment in R&D as a percentage of GDP; and ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D.

3 Programming and Prioritisation 3 Smart growth Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base i. Promoting Triple Helix linkages iv. Support private and public investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co- ordinated policies to enhance innovation viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase public- private R&D ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D ii. Promoting free flows of talent iii. Promoting brain gain vii. Promoting natural sciences, maths and engineering v. Facilitating participation of SEE enterprises and scientific institutions in EU programmes vi. clusters, networks, centres of excellence Policy co- ordination Regional Working group on Innovation Regional innovation Committee? Research Innovation

4 Programming and Prioritisation 4 Smart growth Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base i. Promoting Triple Helix linkages iv. Support private and public investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co- ordinated policies to enhance innovation viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase public- private R&D ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D ii. Promoting free flows of talent iii. Promoting brain gain vii. Promoting natural sciences, maths and engineering v. Facilitating participation of SEE enterprises and scientific institutions in EU programmes vi. clusters, networks, centres of excellence Policy co- ordination Regional Working group on Innovation Regional innovation Committee? Example actions Information and brokerage events Innovation competitions SME vouchers Business plan competitions Entrepreneurship matchmaking events bringing together entrepreneurs and investors Technology watch service (patent searches, technology alerts, consulting) Infrastructure for high-quality business support services (e.g. business, legal and IP consulting, accounting services, etc.) -web interfaces and/or accreditation. Facilitate the emergence of regional clusters and networks Peer review in view of harmonising legal and tax framework favourable to emergence of venture capital: protection of minority shareholder rights, avoiding double taxation, level of capital gains tax etc. Regional investment promotion events. Research Innovation

5 Programming and Prioritisation 5 Smart growth Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base i. Promoting Triple Helix linkages iv. Support private and public investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co- ordinated policies to enhance innovation viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase public- private R&D ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D ii. Promoting free flows of talent iii. Promoting brain gain vii. Promoting natural sciences, maths and engineering v. Facilitating participation of SEE enterprises and scientific institutions in EU programmes vi. clusters, networks, centres of excellence Policy co- ordination Regional Working group on Innovation Regional innovation Committee? Example actions Regional S&T fund Regional centres of excellence Support for project proposals and matchmaking for FP7 and other international grants Financing for joint diaspora-homeland research projects Peer review of evaluation and advancement systems Research Innovation

6 Programming and Prioritisation 6 Smart growth Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base i. Promoting Triple Helix linkages iv. Support private and public investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co- ordinated policies to enhance innovation viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase public- private R&D ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D ii. Promoting free flows of talent iii. Promoting brain gain vii. Promoting natural sciences, maths and engineering v. Facilitating participation of SEE enterprises and scientific institutions in EU programmes vi. clusters, networks, centres of excellence Policy co- ordination Regional Working group on Innovation Regional innovation Committee? Example actions Innovation vouchers Matching grants for SME and academia co-operation Facilitate Triple Helix co-operation through seminars and matchmaking events Regional network of technology transfer offices, incubators, science parks Regional competence technology centres Regional web portal for industry- academia matchmaking and co- operation Research Innovation

7 Programming and Prioritisation 7 Smart growth Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base i. Promoting Triple Helix linkages iv. Support private and public investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co- ordinated policies to enhance innovation viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase public- private R&D ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D ii. Promoting free flows of talent iii. Promoting brain gain vii. Promoting natural sciences, maths and engineering v. Facilitating participation of SEE enterprises and scientific institutions in EU programmes vi. clusters, networks, centres of excellence Policy co- ordination Regional Working group on Innovation Regional innovation Committee? Example actions Recognition of diplomas Liberalisation of work permits Regional research fellowships Student exchange programmes Regional student competitions Diaspora contact database Grants for co-operation with diaspora Research Innovation

8 Programming and Prioritisation 8 Smart growth Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base i. Promoting Triple Helix linkages iv. Support private and public investment in R&D via coherent and regionally co- ordinated policies to enhance innovation viii. Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase public- private R&D ix. Considering measures to support business investment in R&D ii. Promoting free flows of talent iii. Promoting brain gain vii. Promoting natural sciences, maths and engineering v. Facilitating participation of SEE enterprises and scientific institutions in EU programmes vi. clusters, networks, centres of excellence Policy co- ordination Regional Working group on Innovation Regional innovation Committee? Example actions Establish a two-tier regional co-ordination of innovation policies: peer review and best practice exchange at working level; decision making at the Ministerial level Peer review of governance in the science and technology system Research Innovation

9 9 SEE 2020 Monitoring – Smart growth

10 Monitoring of reforms in SEE 10 Greater time and staff commitment th SEE ministerial in Sofia, Bulgaria, 10 June Ministers agree on the need for a regional framework for investment consistent with EU principles and inspired by the OECD Policy Framework for Investment. 4 th SEE ministerial in Sofia, Bulgaria, 10 June Ministers agree on the need for a regional framework for investment consistent with EU principles and inspired by the OECD Policy Framework for Investment. 5 th SEE ministerial in Vienna, Austria on 27 June Ministers endorse a “Regional framework on Investment” Completion of first Investment Reform Index 5 th SEE ministerial in Vienna, Austria on 27 June Ministers endorse a “Regional framework on Investment” Completion of first Investment Reform Index 2 nd Investment Reform Index released th SEE Ministerial SEE 2020 Vision based on five pillars (integrated, smart, sustainable, inclusive and governance for growth 6 th SEE Ministerial SEE 2020 Vision based on five pillars (integrated, smart, sustainable, inclusive and governance for growth th SEE Ministerial Endorsement of SEE 2020 headline targets 7 th SEE Ministerial Endorsement of SEE 2020 headline targets

11 From the Regional Framework on Investment to SEE Regional Framework on Investment Investment Policy Investment Promotion and Facilitation Tax Policy Anti-corruption and Business Integrity Competition Policy Trade Regulatory Governance Human Capital and Employment Corporate Governance SME Policy Investment reform Index Investment Policy and Promotion Human Capital Development Trade Policy and Facilitation Access to Finance Regulatory Reform and Parliamentary Processes Tax Policy Analysis Infrastructure for Investment SME Policy SEE 2020 Integrated Smart Sustainable Inclusive Governance for growth

12 IRI assessment methodology 12 Development of IP Laws

13 IRI assessment methodology – tripartite structure 13 Private Sector Independent experts Government self- assessment

14 Which indicators should be retained, modified or removed? 14 Investment Policy and Promotion FDI Policy National Treatment Admittance of personnel Transfers FDI incentives Performance requirements Land ownership Titling, cadastre and restitution Intellectual Property Rights Expropriation International Investment Agreements International Arbitration Investment Promotion and Facilitation Strategy Institutional Support Monitoring and Evaluation FDI-SME linkages One stop shop Client Relationship Management Policy Advocacy Aftercare services Transparency Publication avenues and tools Prior notification and stakeholder consultations Procedural transparency Privatisation and PPPs Privatisation strategy Privatisation consultations Restrictions on foreign investor participation in privatisation PPP units PPP legislation PPP consultations PPP cost benefit analysis PPP monitoring

15 Example: Results of Investment Policy and Promotion assessment in IRI

16 Example: Results of Investment Policy and Promotion assessment in IRI Main points for improvement Land title registration and cadastre is slow FDI Incentives on sub-national level need more clarity One-stop shop for investors (IPAs to approve permits) Legal frameworks for PPPs to be developed Need to improve IP rights enforcement

17 New Innovation Policy Dimension 17 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination

18 New Innovation Policy Dimension 18 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination Quantitative indicators GDP per capita growth Labour productivity Investment in fixed and intangible assets as a share of GDP New-to-market product innovators Patents and trademarks per capita Service-related trademarks Firms with national/international collaboration on innovation Scientific articles and co-authorship Qualitative indicators WEF Innovation ranking Global Innovation Index ranking

19 New Innovation Policy Dimension 19 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination Quantitative indicators Business enterprise expenditure on R&D Expenditure on innovation, by firm size Employer enterprise birth rate and death rate in the manufacturing and services sector Venture capital investment Patenting activity of firms Direct and indirect government funding of business R&D and tax incentives for R&D Firms receiving public support for innovation, by size Firms' turnover from product innovation, by type ICT investment by asset Increase in the probability to innovate linked to ICT use Qualitative indicators Policies on R&D incentives Quality of business support services Policy support to clusters and networks Evaluation of events (information and brokerage, matchmaking, competitions) Technology watch service Peer review processes Regional investment promotion

20 New Innovation Policy Dimension 20 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination Quantitative indicators Government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D, by selected socio-economic objectives by national sector of performance Higher education expenditure on R&D Basic research performed in the public sector E-government readiness index Share of sub-national government in public investment Amount of regional funding for R&D Qualitative indicators Regional centres of excellence Support for project proposals and matchmaking for FP7 and other international grants Peer review of evaluation and advancement systems

21 New Innovation Policy Dimension 21 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination Qualitative indicators Science-industry mobility programmes Innovation vouchers Matching grants for SME and academia co-operation Triple Helix co-operation Regional network of technology transfer offices, incubators, science parks Regional competence technology centres Regional web portal for industry-academia matchmaking and co- operation Quantitative indicators Amount of incentives and subsidies available for science-industry co- operation Number of participating companies and research institutes participating in co- operations Patents filed by public research organisations Regional average of PCT patents with co-inventor(s) by location International technology flows (royalties and licence fees)

22 New Innovation Policy Dimension 22 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination Quantitative indicators Reading, mathematics and science proficiency at age 15 Transition from upper secondary education to graduation at the university level Science and engineering graduates at the doctoral level Unemployment rate of university graduates Supply of and demand for highly skilled employees Percentage of the population 18 to 64 years old who received any type of training in starting a business, during or after school Firms engaged in innovation-related training activities by size Total amount of grants for co-operation with diaspora Qualitative indicators Recognition of diplomas Work permit policy for knowledge workers Regional research fellowships Student exchange programmes Regional student competitions

23 New Innovation Policy Dimension 23 Innovation Policy Linkages between industry and academia Enhance business innovation potential Skills for Innovation Secure a strong science and technology base Policy co- ordination Qualitative indicators Regional policy co-ordination Peer review of governance in the science and technology system

24 Examples of qualitative indicators 24 Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4Level 5 R&D incentives R&D incentives are applied in an ad hoc and discriminatory manner. The goals of the incentives, as well as the criteria and procedures for obtaining them are not publicly disclosed. Criteria and procedures for obtaining R&D incentives are publicly available, but still applied on a discriminatory manner. Incentives have not undergone a cost-benefit analysis and do not contain sunset clauses. Level 2 and R&D incentives applied on a non- discriminatory manner. Incentives have not undergone a cost-benefit analysis and do not contain sunset clauses. Level 3 plus R&D incentives have undergone a cost- benefit analysis, but do not contain sunset clauses. Level 4 and contain sunset clauses. Industry-science mobility No framework to support mobility of researchers from science to industry Framework being developed Framework is limited to only a few programmes in a few universities Framework expanded to all programmes and all universities Level 4 plus science to industry mobility actively encouraged and supported with public funds Innovation strategyDoes not exist.Is being developed jointly by ministries responsible for economy and science and education. Innovation strategy includes input from business and research community Strategy contains specific time-bound measures and monitoring mechanism Innovation Strategy has portion of national budget allocated to it.


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