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Nanoelectronics in Indian Academia: Present and Future: a policy & implementation perspective Udayan Ganguly June 10, 2014 Collated based on discussions.

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Presentation on theme: "Nanoelectronics in Indian Academia: Present and Future: a policy & implementation perspective Udayan Ganguly June 10, 2014 Collated based on discussions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nanoelectronics in Indian Academia: Present and Future: a policy & implementation perspective Udayan Ganguly June 10, 2014 Collated based on discussions with Saurabh Lodha, Swaroop Ganguly, Bipin Rajendran, Souvik Mahapatra, Anil Kottantharayil, V Ramgopal Rao, Juzer Vasi

2 Agenda Policy Goal: To enable academic training to address national challenges and achieve international excellence PolicyDescriptionsOrganizations Lab UnitsNumerous scientific grants for individual scientists; Labs within IITs, IISc, NITs etc Centers of excellence (2006-present) Joint projects by multiple faculty; common platform; open access; CENs/ INUP by DeitY; DAE; DST Centers at IITs, IISc, NITs etc; a case study of IITBNF Consortia (2014 …)Consortia of academia/industry for prototyping, incubation & training; A proposal for future 6/9/2014U Ganguly Assocham Academic training infrastructure must respond to evolving national interests

3 Mission and Vision Nanoelectronics Research IITBNF Key Achievements IITBNF Organization and Operational Highlights Future of IITB – A Proposal U Ganguly Assocham Outline 6/9/2014

4 IIT Bombay Nanofabrication Facility 250 Crores ($ 50M) facility More than 300 researcher students & 66 faculty members 250 Crores ($ 50M) facility More than 300 researcher students & 66 faculty members “I have been extremely impressed … one of the leading universities in the world in the field of technology” - Mr. Joe Biden, July 2013

5 Mission & Vision Create a research platform to facilitate hands on experiments Establish strong connection between science and technology Bridge gap between research and commercialization Encourage users from other Departments (IIT Bombay) and other Institutes to avail experimental facilities Create a research platform to facilitate hands on experiments Establish strong connection between science and technology Bridge gap between research and commercialization Encourage users from other Departments (IIT Bombay) and other Institutes to avail experimental facilities

6 U Ganguly Assocham IITBNF National Tech Education (NPE) GoI PolicyIncubation IITBNF outreach and national service National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 12 th National Plan (R&D Center) Nanosniff Powai Labs ITRS JEDEC First Certification course on Semiconductor Manufacturing Hands-on Workshops & Research Project Support IITBNF plays a strategic and academic role Standards and Roadmap Indian nanoelectronics users’ programme (INUP) 6/9/2014

7 U Ganguly Assocham Timeline & Funding of IITBNF Centre for Excellence in Nanoelectronics (CEN), DeitY, 50 Cr Equipment donation - Nanomanufacturing Lab, CLEAN Lab (~ 32 Cr AMAT) Sponsored projects (7.5 Cr AMAT) Equipment donation - Nanomanufacturing Lab, CLEAN Lab (~ 32 Cr AMAT) Sponsored projects (7.5 Cr AMAT) INUP DeitY, 12 Cr Sponsored projects - R&D Organizations (~ 58 Cr) NCPRE MNRE, 45 Cr Infrastructure - IITB, 15 Cr Industry partners (Intel, TSMC, IBM, TI, Micron, Synopsys, Maxim, Renesas, 7.5 Cr) CEN, DeitY, 80Cr INUP 35 Cr 6/9/2014

8 U Ganguly Assocham CEN, DIT, $10M IITB, $ 3M Infrastructure timeline Materials Device Fab Device Char XPS, XRD ALD CMP Comb Sputter Cryo Sim Ellipsometry, PL, AFM SEM, Hall, Four-Probe Magnetic PLD, PVD/CVD, Evaporation, Sputter Litho (photo, eBeam) AMAT etch, gate stack MBE PIII DC, AC, pulsed Magnetic Optical RF, ns pulse Ab-initio MultiPhysics Process & Device (Elec) PPMS UV-Vis, FTIR, SECM TEM Prep 6/9/2014

9 U Ganguly Assocham CEN, DIT, $10M IITB, $ 3M Expertise timeline Materials Device Fab Device Char Sim Graphene, 2D Materials Perovskites Ge GaN GaAs Gate Dielectric NC/CT MOS Stacks HEMT ReRAM Si, Ge CMOS FETs Gr Flash CHISEL Flash DLTS Micro sec Pulsed ns Pulsed SONOS, CT BTI FLASH, ESD MultiPhysics Quantum Cryo Quant/Neuro IR sensors LED Cantilevers Biosensors Organics Solar Cell Organics Biomaterials Spintronics FINFET 6/9/2014

10 National outreach – the INUP program Facility open to researchers all over the country Participating Institutions Number Academic80 R&D11 Industries11 Total102

11 Research Output and Achievements Papers in High Impact Journals ( ): >200 – IEEE Transactions on ED, Nanotechnology, IM – IEEE EDL – AIP APL, JAP – ACS Nano – J-MEMS – Organic Electronics – IOP Nanotechnology Presence in top international conferences – Logic and Memory Devices – Photovoltaics – Spintronics – MEMS – Material Growth U Ganguly Assocham Logic and Memory Devices Materials Growth PV Simulation Spin MEMS IITBNF enables high impact research in diverse areas 6/9/2014

12 Product Development Wireless sensor node for explosive detection Lab on chip for cardiac diagnostics Low cost portable SPR Silicon locket for cardiac diagnostics Cantilever based low cost explosive detector Explosive detection by Fluorescence Quenching More than 40 National and International Patents Filed

13 IITBNF Organizational Structure U Ganguly Assocham Professionally run national facility with 24x7 operation DeptNumber EE19 Physics2 Energy Sciences1 Biosciences2 Total24 6/9/2014

14 U Ganguly Assocham Transparent 24x7 open access: online slot booking Covers ~ 90 IITBNF Software to be adopted by IISc Covers ~ 90 IITBNF Software to be adopted by IISc 6/9/2014

15 Lab and Personnel Safety U Ganguly Assocham Toxic Gas Detectors Auto-shut OFF Fire extinguishers in all lab and corridors 45 min Backup Spill Kits, First Aid, Eye Showers at multiple locations Emergency Response Team (24X7) PA System Biometric access for head counts in Emergency Regular safety drills New materials go through rigorous safety checks Emergency Response Team (24X7) PA System Biometric access for head counts in Emergency Regular safety drills New materials go through rigorous safety checks 6/9/2014

16 U Ganguly Assocham Issue logging & tracking: building maintenance Data-driven approach to identify and track issues Now adopted for IITB campus-wide maintenance Data-driven approach to identify and track issues Now adopted for IITB campus-wide maintenance Scalable, online ticketing and tracking Jun 12Jun 13Jul 13 IITBNF EE 6/9/2014

17 U Ganguly Assocham “The fact that so many of my students are able to use the facility on a regular basis, basic training is provided to them and they are made aware of the safety issues, etc. speaks volume about how the facility is maintained, and open to others for use…Thanks for being generous and allowing others to use the unique facilities!” – Prof. Amit Agrawal (Mechanical) “Easily allowing interested people to use the facility, which significantly enhances the utility of the installed facilities.” – Prof. Dipti Gupta (MEMS), on highlights of IITBNF How are we doing? “Uniqueness is the accessibility aspect…Simply register and things happen as they should. I am happy as my students have not cribbed till date about something not made available to them.” – Anonymous faculty, on highlights of IITBNF “The facility caters primarily towards electronic device fabrication. However, there is an increasing number of users in the institute who are working at the interface of physics/engineering and biology and would like to use the IITBNF facility. Therefore, it will be good to have dedicated a few soft lithography equipments to avoid potential contamination issues.” – Anonymous faculty C “We have never faced any difficulty in accessing any facility.” – Anonymous faculty “Some processes need to be opened for all users irrespective of the substrate they are using.” – Anonymous faculty B A “From the point of view of an user I find that the facility is administered very professionally. Online slot booking system, billing details, issue of consumables, etc. are very transparent.” – Anonymous faculty, on highlights of IITBNF 6/9/2014

18 Faculty and Student Participation U Ganguly Assocham biosciences 10 chemical 2 chemistry 3 crnts 13 electrical 51 energy 17 environmental 1 mechanical 8 metallurgical 24 physics Strong inter-disciplinary focus and open access 6/9/2014

19 EE Nanoelectronics Growth U Ganguly Assocham ~4X Growth From 8 to 29 Faculty over 10 years ~2X Growth From 10,000  20,000 sq. ft. in 10 years Similar growth across institute; Increased cross-disciplinary research 6/9/2014

20 What should the future look like? A greenfield made-to-custom 200,000 sq. ft center: 20+ years vision  An INTEGRATED IIT Bombay Nanotechnology Center 40,000 sq. ft. (approx) ground floor clean room space, allied specialty nano- labs Faculty, technical staff and graduate student offices Technology Incubation and Entrepreneurship U Ganguly Assocham Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue Stanford Nano Center CENSE, IISc A State-of-the-art Nanotechnology Center 6/9/2014

21 India’s Need for Semiconductor Manufacturing Electronics production value chain Strong need for semiconductor manufacturing to increase electronic production Source: Applied Materials Design + Manufacturing = Products Semiconductors are the basic building block for all electronics products – 25-30% of product value (even higher for PDA, Tablets, Mobile Phone etc.) Semiconductor fabs are a catalyst for development of large number of downstream electronics industries – Significant driver for employment growth 6/9/ Two India Fabs approved by union cabinet in 2013; U Ganguly Assocham 2014

22 R&D Foundry Incubation of technology start-ups Training on production tools Prototyping of new technology Sustaining a Semiconductor Ecosystem -Role of Academia Training & R&D are two key areas where academic institutions and industry have a major role to play Skilled Workforce Operators and Technicians Managers and Admin Process and equipment engineers 1,500 specialists & 10,000 related skilled jobs/fab Source: Applied Materials, CP presentation 2012 Example: Semiconductor Tech & Manuf. Course Example: IMEC (Belgium), ITRI (Taiwan) 6/9/ U Ganguly Assocham 2014

23 R&D Organization Value: ITRI Initiation: In 1973, three R&D institutes form a private company Industrial Taiwan Research Institute Technology core: 1976 RCA tech transfer and training Corporations Incubated: 163 UMC (1980); TSMC (1987)- Largest foundry Taiwan Mask Corp (1989); Mirle Automation (1989) Epistar Corp (1996): supply chain Phalanx Biotech (2002); Del Solar (2004); Daily Care Biomed (2004); Products: Patent IBM compatible PC (1983); Carbon Fibre Bicycle, rackets (1985); TFT Display; CD ROM; Std First common car engine, WiMAX, FlexUPD; Standard Labs: National Measurements Lab; Fire and Explosion Lab World Leader by 2010 Top 100 world R&D awards: 4 Wall Street Journal Technology Innovation: 3 Acquired 4” technology Indigenous 8” tech. & Mirle Automation TSMC UMC Long time horizons > 10 years ITRI has played a vital role in transforming Taiwan’s economy from a labor-intensive industry to a high-tech industry. Imported Tech/knowledge  Do It Yourself  Innovation: Culture of Leadership; Growth in various core/ non core segments Del Solar Epi Star Supply Chain Time horizons > 10 years 6/9/2014U Ganguly Assocham

24 R&D Centers History and Geography YearOrgUniv partnerCorporate 1967LETIUniv of Grenoble, FranceIBM, ST Micro, Soitec 1973ITRIMultipleTSMC, UMC etc 1982IMECKU Leuven, Belgium Intel IBM TSMC, Samsung, Micron, TEL etc 1986SematechUT Austin, USAIntel, IBM, Micron, TI etc 1988ISRCSeoul National Univ, KoreaSamsung, Hynix, LG 1991IMENat. U SingaporeIntel, Applied Materials, etc 2001SMCU Edinburgh, ScotlandIntel, Logitech, Synopsis 2001Albany NanotechSUNY Albany, USA IBM Global Foundries, Toshiba, Applied, TEL 2002NCRCU TokyoToshiba, NEC, Hitachi, Fujitsu 2010MCCIU Limerick, Tyndall Nat. Insti., IrelandIntel Analog, Xylinx TI etc Recent Intel Ireland fab Drivers for Corporations - Corporate Research is expensive: - Hedge against low probability disruptive technologies - Pre-competitive research cost sharing - Human Resource development – “A company is as good as its employees” Drivers for R&D Center - Corporation provide mid term technology vision & highlight opportunities - Ensure quality of research - Provides consistent cost sharing (vis a vis start ups) - Future employment path to trainees - Funds/support for disruptive tech incubation Major corporations strongly partner with multiple University lead prototyping R&D Center “canopy” is essential for sustainable Fab/Semiconductors ecosystem 6/9/2014U Ganguly Assocham

25 R&D Organization Sustainability % grant of revenue Funding (Million €) Year 53% support in 10 years IMEC (1982- present) AIST (2001-present) 10 year grant: 189M€ = 130Cr INR (http://www.imec.be/ScientificReport/SR2007/) _figures/fact_figures.html IMEC used 189Million € (~1300 Cr INR at 69 INR=1€) of subsidy and 315 Million € of revenue over initial 10 years. 22% support in 20 years AIST from Japan shows a similar 60% subsidy after 10 years of operation. From 10 to 20 years, subsidy percent reduces from % (essentially non-subsidy revenue increase) 6/9/2014U Ganguly Assocham

26 Nano-Engineerng Ecosystem Model 6/9/2014P 26 Research Flexible Exploratory Proof of concept Development Optimization Integration Production h/w test Manufacturing Reliable Yield Product Academia or Industry Research Industry-Academia Development Centers Industry Fab Yorktown HeightsAlbany NanotechFishkill KU LeuvenIMECVarious Corporations IITs etc R&D Center India Fab Strong need for a connecting entity between Research and Manufacturing Barrier to Materials / Tech Flow (e.g. 4” vs 12”, clean) h/w Tech. Concept /IP Materials/Process High Tech Human Resources U Ganguly Assocham 2014

27 Proposed R&D Center Model Broad Stakeholders R&D Foundry “Skilled HR and Tech for Electronics ecosystem ” Strategic ISRO, DRDO, DAE Academia: IITs, IISc, Nano Centers Incubation / Start-ups Industry / India Fabs Govt. Technology Focus & Diversity R&D Foundry CMOS e.g. 28nm inverter capable baseline Device Logic, RF, MEMS Materials & Process Circuits & Systems International Collaborations Fab Baseline Develop Broad user base around standard baseline Multiple stakeholders – how to engage? Multiple technology development focus – what to prioritize? 6/9/201427U Ganguly Assocham 2014

28 Board Representing Major Stakeholders e.g. CEO, President DeitY Fab DRDO/ISRO/DAE Industry Academia 6/9/ Organizational Structure CEO, President Fab &Industry Assignees Staff University Researchers Temporary Permanent CEO must have international experience in managing large R&D Labs/Centers Staff preferably have strong background in semiconductor industry or large R&D labs R&D Center must be autonomously & professionally managed with vision from stakeholders U Ganguly Assocham 2014

29 Prologue SEMI and IESA industry forum to develop ecosystem consensus with GoI Leadership 6/9/2014U Ganguly Assocham A globally time-tested R&D model needs to be implemented to support the bold vision of Indian semiconductor manufacturing and innovations


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