Presentation on theme: "Making scholarly publications accessible online: Erdős and beyond Prof. Jonathan P. Bowen London South Bank University United Kingdom www.jpbowen.com."— Presentation transcript:
Making scholarly publications accessible online: Erdős and beyond Prof. Jonathan P. Bowen London South Bank University United Kingdom
Lucean Freud (1922–2011) “What do I ask of a painting [paper]? I ask it to astonish, disturb, seduce, convince.” National Portrait Gallery, London
Introduction Prof. Jonathan Bowen Mathematics, art, engineering, computer science, software engineering, museum informatics Career: Oxford, Reading, LSBU Visitor: King’s College London, Brunel, Westminster, Waikato (New Zealand) Pratt Institute (NY, USA – Museum Informatics) Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA London conference, 10–12 July 2012)
Introduction Online communities Mathematical graphs Visualization Academic communities Co-authorship Citations Databases Google Scholar Microsoft Academic Search Academia.edu
Communities Community of Practice (CoP) – collection of people developing domain knowledge Academic communities – researchers, professors, scientists Body of Knowledge (BoK) – ontology for a particular domain Interdisciplinarity vs. Multidisciplinarity
Cultivating a CoP 1.Design the CoP to evolve naturally. 2.Create opportunities for open discussion. 3.Welcome and allow different levels of participation.
Example – two communities (arts and science) Facebook TouchGraph connections
Google First webserver, 1999 – already in a museum! Technology
Google Scholar – publications & citationshttp://scholar.google.com h-index (top h publications with h or more citations) i10-index (at least 10 citations)
Microsoft Academic Search Publications, citations, h-index g-index (top g with a total of at least g 2 citations)
Top 30 co- authors as measured by the number of publications Academic Search co-author graph
Academic Search citation graph Top 34 authors by number of citations
Supervisors and students Alonzo Church and Alan Turing Academic Search genealogy graph See also Mathematics Genealogy website
Alan Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) Centenary year in 2012 –www.turingcentenary.eu Andrew Hodges (Turing biographer) –Alan Turing: the Enigma (1983) –www.turing.org.ukwww.turing.org.uk The Turing Digital Archive (3,000 images) –King’s College Cambridge –www.turingarchive.orgwww.turingarchive.org Jack Copeland’s Turing Archive (facsimiles) –www.alanturing.netwww.alanturing.net
Turing’s Worlds (23–24 June 2012) Department of Continuing Education, University of Oxford – Ivor Grattan- Guinness et al.
Happy Birthday Alan Turing! Also Ivor Grattan-Guinness, historian of mathematics and logic (born 23 June 1941)
The Erdős number Paul Erdős (1913–1996) –Hungarian mathematician –en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Erdősen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Erdős –Erdős number 0 –Co-authored over 1,000 publications 511 co-authors –Erdős number 1 –Co-authors of Erdős co-authors Erdős number 2 Etc.
Academic Search co-author path Robin Wilson, mathematician and co-author
Academia.edu Academic networking website Cf. LinkedIn (professional networking)LinkedIn Includes affiliation to university and department Allows easy addition of books, papers, answers, talks, teaching documents, research interests, CV, status updates, websites, etc. Add keywords for publication searching Monitoring of access statistics
Academia.edu home page E.g., lsbu.academia.edu/JonathanBowenlsbu.academia.edu/JonathanBowen
Non-free citations websites E.g., Web of Knowledge Thomson Reuters: UK: OK if your university subscribes But not all do...
Free publications websites ACM Digital Library – CS professional bodyACM Digital Library BibSonomy – social bookmark and publication sharing systemBibSonomy CiteSeerX – publications databaseCiteSeerX DBLP – CS bibliography, individual effortDBLP Issuu – personal documents (PDF,...)Issuu Mendeley – reference manager, academic social networkMendeley ResearchGate – for scientists, make your work visible, 1.7 million membersResearchGate Researchr – find, collect, share, review scientific publicationsResearchr
Interdisciplinary conference Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA) London conference, – papers under Artists through to computer scientists Next conference: British Computer Society offices, Southampton Street, Covent Garden, central London, 10–12 July 2012 Related paper with Robin Wilson to appear
The end! Prof. Jonathan Bowen (FRSA, FBCS!)
Community of Practice (CoP) Social sciences concept Wenger, E.: Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1998) Wenger, E., McDermott, R.A., Snyder, W.: Cultivating Communities of Practice: A guide to managing knowledge. Harvard Business School Press, Boston (2002) A brief introduction by Etienne Wenger, 2006:
Types of community CoP on Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_of_practice en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_of_practice Online CoP (OCoP): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_community_of_practice en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_community_of_practice Other types of community Virtual community: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Virtual_communities en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Virtual_communities Community of interest: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_of_interest en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_of_interest
Fundamental Elements of a CoP 1.Domain: Common interest to be effective. E.g., museum education. 2.Community: Group of people willing to engage with others. E.g., teachers. 3.Practice: Explore existing and develop new knowledge. Use of museum for educational visits, using IT for pre/post support.
Community development “The art of community development is to use the synergy between domain, community, and practice to help a community evolve and fulfil its potential.” – Wenger et al. (2002)
4. Develop both public and private CoP facilities. 5. Focus on the value of the CoP. 6. Combine familiarity and excitement within the CoP. 7. Find and nurture a regular rhythm for the CoP.
Stages of Community Development 1.Potential 2.Coalescing 3.Maturing 4.Stewardship 5.Transformation
Internet archive – MHS website
Google Museum label
Google – “museums” Google search for “museums” (2006)