Presentation on theme: "Overview of the Movement of Latin American Talent Origin Destination."— Presentation transcript:
Overview of the Movement of Latin American Talent Origin Destination
Overview of the Movement of Latin American Talent
Movement of LATAM Talent 3 Movement Transfer that does not require change of occupation and in some cases, does not require change of residence Promotes competitiveness Exchanging Know How Fosters innovation Inter-cultural experiences Operational interdependency Migration Transfer with an intention to stay in the place of destination. Motivated by economic and work-related reasons. Not associated to an organization sheltering or promoting the transfer. Movement cannot be understood only as Migration: Introduction
1. Structural Trends at a Global Level How is the movement of talent evolving worldwide?
Movement of LATAM Talent 5 The structural causes leading to the movement of persons are in motion, and there is no turning back. This is one more stage of global economic integration. Global Demographic Structure Differences in Income and Standard of Living Technology Revolution Global Movement of Talents Countries with limited young talent vs. countries with abundance The need to attract talent and the ability to meet that need Transform into needs or aspirations which groups in movement are trying to meet Reduces costs and time of communications and transportation A wide sector of the population is now able to interact or move effectively and quickly 1. Structural Trends at a Global Level
Movement of LATAM Talent 6 This phenomenon can be explained through: Demographic bonus Medium-development economies, in the process of opening up and modernizing A source of talent in economic sectors (as technical staff) Changes in Population Pyramids in LATAM (2005 – 2025) 2025 Total Population: 690 million Average Age: 35 years 47% of the population under 30 years old Total Population: 551 million Average Age: 29 years 57% of population under 30 years old 2005 Women Men Source: Manpower, El Futuro del Trabajo en América Latina, 2006. LATAM emerges as a large pool of talent worldwide. 1. Structural Trends at a Global Level
2. The Global Labor Market How is our global labor market changing as a result of globalization?
Movement of LATAM Talent 8 Source: Manpower, La Movilidad del Talento de América Latina, 2007. Manifestations of Labor Movement Historically, talent moving from one country to another has been perceived as negative. Circulation of Talent Movement Mixed Migration Traditional Ways Innovative Ways Exchanging Talent Globalization of Talent Exporting Talent Waste of Education/Training Brain Drain 2. The Global Labor Market
Movement of LATAM Talent 9 Labor Movement Schemes in Global Enterprises Labor movement requires telework. This includes flexible practices, with work being carried out at a distance through the use of telecommunications tools. Commuting Expatriation International Movement with a Local Scheme Short-Term Assignment 2. The Global Labor Market
Movement of LATAM Talent 10 A positive element in countries of destination Promotes the dynamics of local markets Leverages development in communities of origin Transfer of Know How, technologies, and knowledge Foreign currency income through remittals Identifying business opportunities Reducing unemployment rates, in some cases Movement of Talent Need of Globalized Economies 2. The Global Labor Market
3. Academia-Enterprise-Government Linkage What challenges are our education systems facing as a result of the movement of persons?
Movement of LATAM Talent 12 Global Competence of international students Pressure to improve the quality of education in LATAM Academia-Enterprise-Government linkage as a pillar of competitiveness and a catalyst of world-class talent Key Challenges are 3. Academia-Enterprises-Government Linkage
Movement of LATAM Talent 13 Education levels are unequal in the region The level of basic education needs to be raised, including learning the English language Quality of Educational Institutions = Attracting and Keeping local and global talent Reducing the digital gap Pressure to Improve the Quality of Education in LATAM 3. Academia-Enterprises-Government Linkage
Movement of LATAM Talent 14 Finland 5475485631658 Korea 5565475221625 Hong Kong-China 5365475421625 Liechtenstein 527 5341588 China-Taipei 4965495321577 Canada 5215225301573 The Netherlands 5075315251563 Australia 5135205271560 New Zealand 5105255221557 Japan 4985235311552 … ………… 3933703901153 3743813911146 Colombia (53/57) 3853703881143 Tunis 3803653861131 NOTE: Peru data are from the PISA 2000 Assessment. Average Score Total Score Student Performance in Reading, Mathematics, and Science (PISA 2006) Countries from LATAM achieved lower scores The 10 countries with students’ best performance In the PISA Assessment 4424114381291 Brazil (51/57) Argentina (52/57) Chile (40/57) Uruguay (42/57) 4134274281268 4104064101226 Mexico (46/57) Peru* 292327333952 Source: OCDE Assessment, “Program for International Student Assessment”, 2006 Learning Scale for Reading Learning Scale for Mathematics Learning Scale for Science 3. Academia-Enterprises-Government Linkage
Movement of LATAM Talent 15 8 Key Competences European Union 1.Autonomy 2.Numerical Skills 3.Scientific Thinking 4.Competences in Technology 5.Self-Learning 6.Cultural Awareness 7.Citizenship 8.Language Skills 3. Academia-Enterprises-Government Linkage
Movement of LATAM Talent 16 Education of human capital in the LATAM region focuses primarily on Administration but very little on areas with high added value. Source: Manpower, 2007. Based on information from the 2006 Global Education Digest. 3. Academia-Enterprises-Government Linkage Social Sciences, Business & Law 53% Health and Wellbeing 11% Science 11% Arts and Humanities 4% Engineering, Manufacture and Construction 21%
Movement of LATAM Talent 17 The Academia-Enterprises- Government linkage is a pillar of global competitiveness. Establishing mandatory professional practice and insertion schemes will reduce the learning curve. Education of human capital in LATAM needs to respond to labor market demands. 3. Academia-Enterprises-Government Linkage
4. The Inertia of Social Networks as the Driving Force of the Movement of Persons What is the role of transnational communities in building the future?
Movement of LATAM Talent 19 Transnational social bonds facilitate the movement of persons, providing them with a support network that fosters integration. The Social Bridge, Driving Force of the Movement 4. The Inertia of Social Networks as the Driving Force of the Movement of Persons
Movement of LATAM Talent 20 The power of organized communities abroad is of an economic nature, but also of a political nature. Increasing importance of Latinos in US elections Self-Awareness and organization of transnational communities LATAM characterizes by maintaining strong and intense social bonds: 600 Latin American clubs or associations in 30 cities in the US Knowledge networks of the diaspora (UNESCO Project) Network of Argentinian Researchers and Scientists Abroad (RAICES) Network of Global Chile Talent Network of Salvadoran Talent Abroad Network of Mexican Talent Abroad 4. The Inertia of Social Networks as the Driving Force of the Movement of Persons
5. Development of Communications and Transportation What new labor schemes are emerging in view of the lower relevance of geographical location?
Movement of LATAM Talent 22 Taking advantage of opportunities beyond the local sphere Web-based recruiting, temporary assignments, commuting, telework A higher level of effectiveness and efficiency Operational interdependency Reducing distances (less time and lower costs) Expanding access 5. Development of Communications and Transportation
Internet Access in LATAM (%), 2007 Source: Manpower MECARD based on Internet World Statistics 2007 and Fundación Telefónica (DigiWorld América Latina 2007). More than 30 20 - 30 10 - 20 5 - 10 Less than 5 2,5% 3,5% 3,8% 5,1% 7,6% 8% 9,5% 12,2% 13% 15,8% 16,2% 20,5% 21% 21,1% 21,3% 25% 33,6% 34% 42,45% Chile Argentina Uruguay Puerto Rico Mexico Peru Brazil Costa Rica Dominican Republic Colombia Venezuela Belize El Salvador Panama Ecuador Guatemala Bolivia Honduras Paraguay Nicaragua
Movement of LATAM Talent 24 Commercial air transport is an integral part of the global economy influencing and being influenced by economic development. By May 2007 over 2.5 million flights worldwide; 5% more than the previous year New low-cost business models massify commercial flights competing for costs. 16% of flights worldwide follow a low-cost format (OAG Worldwide Limited, 2007) The airline that transported the highest number of international passengers (40 million) in 2006 follows a low-cost scheme. (IATA, 2007) 5. Development of Communications and Transportation
6. Work-Related Monetary Flows How is LATAM taking advantage of the savings of its workforce abroad?
Movement of LATAM Talent 26 Help reduce poverty Most of them (98%) are used for consumer expenditure The challenge is stimulating productive investment and infrastructure development (“3x1 y 4x1” Program – Mexico, Agreement between Madrid Cooperatives – Ecuador, Promoting Micro-Enterprise – El Salvador) Remittances 6. Work-Related Monetary Flows
7. Health, Public Services, and Quality of Life What is happening with the quality of life in our societies in an increasingly globalized world?
Movement of LATAM Talent 28 Effects of Movements on People 7. Health, Public Services, and Quality of Life
Possible in terms of technology Desirable in terms of economy Attractive to individuals Convenient to enterprises Enriching to society Increasing the Legal and Orderly Movement of Latin American Talent Worldwide is