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Warm-up exercise: Lost in translation? Do foreign jokes work in English? Translate a well-known joke from your language into English https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sA8JPp5V-Vk..\Audio.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm-up exercise: Lost in translation? Do foreign jokes work in English? Translate a well-known joke from your language into English https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sA8JPp5V-Vk..\Audio."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm-up exercise: Lost in translation? Do foreign jokes work in English? Translate a well-known joke from your language into English https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sA8JPp5V-Vk..\Audio and Video\lost in translation.mp4 More: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/19/best-jokes-young- people-around-worldhttp://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/19/best-jokes-young- people-around-world

2 Warm-up exercise: Lost in translation? Do foreign jokes work in English? Mexican Spanish (from Erica Buist, 29) Qué le dijo una uva verde a una uva morada? Respira por Dios! What did the green grape say to the purple grape? Oh my God, breathe!

3 Portfolio task: Writing Choose between:  An email describing a place (U5)  A review (U6)  Taking/organizing/writing up notes (U7) Deadline: 3/4

4 Revision: Unit 7 What do these words mean? AD anno Domini (in the year of the Lord) (opposite of BC) a.m. Before noon Sat nav Satellite navigation viz. That is to say, namely sic Used to indicate a mistake in a quoted source

5 Revision: Unit 7 What do these words mean? To go AWOL To be absent without leave (reason, justification) A temp A temporary worker ETA Estimated time of arrival FYI For your information (interest) Asap As soon as possible

6 Revision: Unit 7 What do these words mean? RSVP Repondez S'il Vous-Plait. "Please send a response” FAQ Frequently asked questions

7 Revision: Unit 7 Write the abbreviation for... Compare cf. Number no. Administration admin. For example e.g.

8 Writing: Unit 8 Here’s what to do

9 Get ready to write Situations in which instructions are used  Driving directions  A manual (explaining how to operate a particular tool)  Fire safety instructions  Flight safety instructions

10 Get ready to write Why are instructions effective?  short phrases and simple language (imperatives)  step by step (chronological order)  clear and easy to read (but: difficult to write)  visual highlighting is used where possible (underlining, italics, boldface, CAPITALISATION)

11 Instructions

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17 Template something that is used as a pattern or an example for something else Pilot light a small gas flame in a heater (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilot_light)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilot_light Ignition button To ignite: to cause to burn Ignition button: a button that activates the system To release To let go To spring leak  to spring a leak To begin to leak (e.g. The ship sprung a leak) Service engineer Someone who provides technical support (depends on the kind of industry)

18 Write an instruction letter that is relevant to your study/profession/life  an email in which you explain a particular procedure/driving directions/how to use something / instructions for a scientific experiment...  Try to write a coherent text (about 10 lines)

19 Reading: Unit 8 In the newspapers

20 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/jersey/8567448.stm Wearing helmets is second nature a habit, characteristic, etc, not innate but so long practised or acquired as to seem so Legislation could be counterproductive having the opposite result to the one you intended Why?  Cycling has gone down as a result  Fewer cyclists means that each cyclist is in more danger (from cars): speed limits, condition of the road

21 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’ The rates plummet To decline suddenly He wasn’t meant to live To survive

22 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’  Do you think it should be mandatory (compulsory) to wear a helmet? Why/why not?  Do you wear a helmet when you ride a bike?  “Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’”?  Why?

23 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’ A hit-and-run a motor-vehicle accident in which the driver leaves the scene without stopping to give assistance, inform the police, etc Counterintuitive seemingly contrary to common sense/intuition To be likely To be probable To overtake To pass after catching up with Motorist Someone that drives a vehicle (not just a motorbike) Survey A detailed investigation or study

24 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’ Change in stress pattern A recordTo record An increaseTo increase A permitTo permit The presentTo present http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Initial-stress-derived_noun

25 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’ Novice A beginner Alarming To fill with fear Casualty An accident; someone injured or killed in an accident A boom a sudden increase (in popularity) Congestion Overcrowded with cars... Hazard A danger

26 Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’ To outweigh To be more significant than To live through something To survive, e.g. Lived through a bad accident

27 Where? Salisbury and Bristol How? A bicycle fitted with an ultrasonic distance sensor which recorded data from more than 2,500 overtaking motorists Why? To find out how close overtaking vehicles got to cyclists – with and without helmets – and to raise awareness of the dangers facing cyclists on busy roads Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’

28 Summary What? Motorists drive 3 inches closer to cyclists with helmets Why? More experienced + more predictable But? Women (why? Less predictable or more rare) Danger? Novices (often wear helmets) Who? Buses and trucks Why? Raise awareness (make people more aware) Cyclists with helmets ‘more likely to be hit’

29 Synonyms: A cline A cline is a scale of language items that goes from one extreme to another, for example, from positive to negative, or from weak to strong.

30  Four groups: write as many words as possible on the cline  Pass on the piece of paper: add more words to the new cline Synonyms: A cline

31 Rich-Poor: Prosperous, Affluent, Disadvantaged, Wealthy, Well Off, Meagre (smaller or less than you want or need), Humble, Loaded (informal: very rich), Poor, Underprivileged, Comfortable, Needy, Well-to- do, Opulent (very impressive because it contains the best and most expensive things), Penniless, Destitute (with no money or possessions) Old-Young: Ancient, Young, Mature, Childlike, Juvenile, Antique, Infantile, Immature, Underdeveloped, Decrepit (old and no longer in good condition), Over the Hill Happy- Sad: Ecstatic, Sullen (showing that you are in an unhappy mood, and do not want to talk), Happy, Morose, Cheerful, Content, Comfortable, Unhappy, Miserable, Glum (looking sad, as if you expect something bad to happen), Jovial, Gloomy (feeling sad and without hope) Tall- Short: Towering, Elfin (small, thin, delicate), Petite, Diminutive (very short or small), Small, Big, Puny (small, thin and weak) Synonyms: A cline

32 Dictogloss: The Job Race Alain de Botton a Swiss/British writer, philosopher, television presenter and entrepreneur, resident in the United Kingdom. His books and television programmes discuss various contemporary subjects and themes, emphasizing philosophy's relevance to everyday life. At 23, he published Essays In Love (1993), which went on to sell two million copies. Other bestsellers include How Proust Can Change Your Life (1997), Status Anxiety (2004) and The Architecture Of Happiness (2006). In August 2008, he was a founding member of a new educational establishment in central London called The School of Life. In May 2009, he was a founding member of a new architectural organization called “Living Architecture.” (Wikipedia)

33 Dictogloss: The Job Race Documentary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1MqJPHxy6ghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1MqJPHxy6g The documentary film Status Anxiety (2004), presented by Alain de Botton and based on his book of the same name. We are richer than ever before. We live longer, own more property and indulge in greater luxuries. So why aren't we getting any happier? One concern, above all, keeps us awake at night: status. Am I a success? Have I made it? Do I have the right car, the right clothes? Do people think I'm a loser and should I really care? Writer and presenter Alain de Botton challenges the idea that what we do, where we live and what we own, should define our status and determine our happiness. (Source: Youtube)

34 Dictogloss: The Job Race Alain de Botton on Status Anxiety http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XhpdWDyB0UY Pernicious very dangerous or harmful, especially to someone's moral character To make a run for it to suddenly start running because you want to escape...ceases to matter Stops being important Dull Boring

35 Dictogloss: The Job Race Alain de Botton on Status Anxiety http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XhpdWDyB0UY 1)What is status anxiety? Worry about your status (social, professional...) 2) What is job snobbery? -A snob takes a small part of you and uses that judge the whole of you -Job snobbery: what is on your business card determines your identity

36 Dictogloss: The Job Race Discuss:  Do you suffer from status anxiety? Have you experienced job snobbery?  What are the different stages in applying for a job?  Are you good or bad at job interviews? Do you have any interesting experiences that you’d like to share?

37 Dictogloss: The Job Race Different stages in applying for a job: 1.Reading the advertisement 2.Telephoning or writing for more information 3.Writing a letter and CV (US: résumé) or filling in an application letter 4.The job interview

38 Dictogloss: The Job Race To seek To look for Fee Charge, cost Worthwhile Valuable

39 Dictogloss: The Job Race We live in a time of rising unemployment. This makes the job market very competitive. Many people are now seeking the services of a new type of company to prepare for a job application. The company helps in a variety of ways, from writing the résumé to training the applicant in interview techniques. The fee is high but many job seekers consider it a worthwhile investment in the competitive race for a job.


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