Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Italian Renaissance. I. Why in Italy at this Time? Revival of Commerce and Town Building was more intense in Italy Revival of Commerce and Town Building.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance. I. Why in Italy at this Time? Revival of Commerce and Town Building was more intense in Italy Revival of Commerce and Town Building."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance

2 I. Why in Italy at this Time? Revival of Commerce and Town Building was more intense in Italy Revival of Commerce and Town Building was more intense in Italy Feudalism had less of a grip on Italy Feudalism had less of a grip on Italy Two competing lords for control of Italy were losing influence Two competing lords for control of Italy were losing influence Presence of antiquity was stronger in Italy than elsewhere in Europe Presence of antiquity was stronger in Italy than elsewhere in Europe

3 II. European Economic Recovery Dramatic recovery of European commerce Dramatic recovery of European commerce Important industries flourish in Northern Italy Important industries flourish in Northern Italy The significance of printing and mining as new industries The significance of printing and mining as new industries The fifteenth-century banking empire of the Medici family in Florence The fifteenth-century banking empire of the Medici family in Florence

4 III. Renaissance Economics Profit-making became more important than Church doctrine Profit-making became more important than Church doctrine To overcome guilt, profit- makers indulge in philanthropy To overcome guilt, profit- makers indulge in philanthropy Influence of guilds declining Influence of guilds declining High profits led to economic diversification High profits led to economic diversification

5 III. Renaissance Economics (cont) “Cottage Industry” “Cottage Industry” Goods are produced out of the home Art became the way to advertise economic success Art became the way to advertise economic success Intensified commercial competition created the need to be efficient Intensified commercial competition created the need to be efficient

6 IV. Renaissance Society Renaissance focused on the elite Renaissance focused on the elite Northern Italy was urban and commercial while Southern Italy mostly was not Northern Italy was urban and commercial while Southern Italy mostly was not Very family-oriented society Very family-oriented society Marriages were frequently arranged to strengthen business ties Marriages were frequently arranged to strengthen business ties

7 IV. Renaissance Society (cont) Father’s authority over his family Father’s authority over his family Some wealthy women played an important role in Italian city-states Some wealthy women played an important role in Italian city-states --Isabella d’Este of Mantua Concentration of wealth among great families Concentration of wealth among great families

8 IV. Renaissance Society (cont) Extreme social stratification divided into factions around the wealthiest families Extreme social stratification divided into factions around the wealthiest families Poor increasingly attempting to improve their social status Poor increasingly attempting to improve their social status --The Ciompi Revolt (1378)

9 IV. Renaissance Society (cont) Number of portraits painted during this era illustrates focus on the individual Number of portraits painted during this era illustrates focus on the individual A true nobleman A true nobleman Growing humanism and secularism in a Christian context Growing humanism and secularism in a Christian context Focus on man’s free will Focus on man’s free will Rewards for living excellently came in this life Rewards for living excellently came in this life

10 V. Renaissance Politics Same pattern and problems as those of the Greek city-states Same pattern and problems as those of the Greek city-states Inter-city warfare led to new advances in diplomacy Inter-city warfare led to new advances in diplomacy -- “balance of power” Northern Italian “communes” Northern Italian “communes” The Peace of Lodi (1454) The Peace of Lodi (1454) Peace between Venice & Milan

11 V. Renaissance Politics (cont) Rome, Venice, Milan, Florence, and the Kingdom of Naples Rome, Venice, Milan, Florence, and the Kingdom of Naples Renaissance Venice Renaissance Venice Renaissance Florence Renaissance Florence --Lorenzo the Magnificent ( ) 1300’s republicanism became 1400’s despotism—with the exception of Venice 1300’s republicanism became 1400’s despotism—with the exception of Venice

12 V. Renaissance Politics (cont) Niccolo Machiavelli ( ) Niccolo Machiavelli ( ) -- “The Prince” The goal of the prince must be power The goal of the prince must be power Cynical view of human nature Cynical view of human nature Fear is a better motivator than affection Fear is a better motivator than affection Politics as the art of deception Politics as the art of deception

13 V. Renaissance Politics (cont) Ancient and contemporary examples of effective political leaders Ancient and contemporary examples of effective political leaders --Cesare Borgia A new realism in political thought A new realism in political thought 1400’s “Civic” humanism 1400’s “Civic” humanism Leonardo Bruni’s The New Cicero Leonardo Bruni’s The New Cicero Henry VIII as a Renaissance prince Henry VIII as a Renaissance prince

14 Capitalism Making money Making money Produce/purchase goods, sell for more Produce/purchase goods, sell for more Driven by a free-market economy Driven by a free-market economy No government intervention in production, selling, & use of goods. Privately funded and regulated

15 Inventions of the Renaissance Period of new, revolutionary thought spawns invention Period of new, revolutionary thought spawns invention The Clock – vastly improved The Clock – vastly improved Might be only a few seconds off each day Might be only a few seconds off each day

16 Inventions cont. Lenses (Microscope & Telescope) Lenses (Microscope & Telescope) Submarine (in theory) Submarine (in theory) 1620 – first pseudo- submarine 1620 – first pseudo- submarine

17 More Inventions PRINTING PRESS PRINTING PRESS Most important invention of the Renaissance Most important invention of the Renaissance Johannes Gutenberg Johannes Gutenberg Books now could be mass produced Books now could be mass produced Helps literacy grow Helps literacy grow Spreads Renaissance ideas Spreads Renaissance ideas Increased availability of bibles Increased availability of bibles

18 Scientific Revolution The challenging of scientific ideas beginning in the 1500’s The challenging of scientific ideas beginning in the 1500’s New ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, anatomy, chemistry, etc. New ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, anatomy, chemistry, etc. Laid the foundation for modern science Laid the foundation for modern science The Scientific Method The Scientific Method a way to ask and answer scientific questions by making observations and doing experiments.

19 The Scientific Method State the question Form a hypothesis Conduct an experiment to test the hypothesis Record observations and collect data Analyze results to determine if hypothesis is correct or incorrect

20 VII. Renaissance Education and Philosophy Humanism Humanism Intellectual movement that emphasized the worth and potential of all individuals Intellectual movement that emphasized the worth and potential of all individuals Great fervor displayed in finding and collecting old documents Great fervor displayed in finding and collecting old documents Education produces moral uplift Education produces moral uplift

21 VII. Renaissance Education and Philosophy (cont) A true liberal education A true liberal education Humanist education for women Humanist education for women Love for the study of history most of all Love for the study of history most of all A Greek language fad after 1454 A Greek language fad after 1454

22 VII. Renaissance Education and Philosophy (cont) Extreme vanity of Renaissance scholars Extreme vanity of Renaissance scholars The importance of law and rhetoric in Renaissance education The importance of law and rhetoric in Renaissance education Classical political ideals were cultivated Classical political ideals were cultivated Knowledge needed to be useful Knowledge needed to be useful

23 VII. Renaissance Philosophy (cont) Renaissance philosophy flourishes during Greek revival after 1450 Renaissance philosophy flourishes during Greek revival after 1450 Marsilio Ficino ( ) Marsilio Ficino ( ) The teachings of Hermeticism The teachings of Hermeticism Giovanni Pico Mirandola ( ) Giovanni Pico Mirandola ( ) --Oration on the Dignity of Man

24 VIII. The Renaissance Papacy Loss of influence over European nation-states Loss of influence over European nation-states Decline in moral prestige and leadership Decline in moral prestige and leadership Pope Julius II ( ) Pope Julius II ( ) Popes as patrons of Renaissance art Popes as patrons of Renaissance art --Leo X ( ) Nepotism used to promote family interest Nepotism used to promote family interest

25 IX. Spread of Humanism to the Rest of Europe The significance of Gutenberg’s printing press The significance of Gutenberg’s printing press Explosion of printed materials Explosion of printed materials --By 1500, 40,000 titles printed and between 8-10 million copies The impact of movable- type printing presses: research and literacy The impact of movable- type printing presses: research and literacy

26 IX. Spread of Humanism to the Rest of Europe (cont) Popular publications in the early days of the printing press Popular publications in the early days of the printing press Thomas More Thomas More --Utopia --Executed by Henry VIII in 1535 Erasmus—Dutch Christian Humanist Erasmus—Dutch Christian Humanist

27 IX. Spread of Humanism to the Rest of Europe (cont) William Shakespeare ( ) William Shakespeare ( ) --Globe Theater Shakespeare returns to classical subjects and genres Shakespeare returns to classical subjects and genres His history plays were the most popular at the time His history plays were the most popular at the time Macbeth: ambition Macbeth: ambition Hamlet: individualism Hamlet: individualism Keen sensitivity to sounds and meanings of words Keen sensitivity to sounds and meanings of words


Download ppt "The Italian Renaissance. I. Why in Italy at this Time? Revival of Commerce and Town Building was more intense in Italy Revival of Commerce and Town Building."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google