Presentation on theme: "The Health Belief Model: An Overview LETICIA L VANCE, MSN, FNP-BC INDIANA WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY DOCTORATE OF NURSING PRACTICE."— Presentation transcript:
The Health Belief Model: An Overview LETICIA L VANCE, MSN, FNP-BC INDIANA WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY DOCTORATE OF NURSING PRACTICE
The Health Belief Model: A Broad Summary The Health Belief Model is a model which attempts to explain and predict health behaviors and patterns based in psychological theory.
The Health Belief Model: History and Development Believed to be one of the first behavioral health theories Developed in the 1950s by a group of social psychologists from the U.S. Public Health Service Goal was to determine why so few people were participating in disease prevention and detection programs
The Health Belief Model: History and Development First used after the failure of a free tuberculosis (TB) health screening to understand why it failed Looks at the relationship between a person’s beliefs and their health behaviors
The Health Belief Model: Core Belief and Assumptions Health-seeking behavior is influenced by a person’s perception of the potential health problem threat Perception does not equate reality
The Health Belief Model: Methods and Validity Primary method: Surveys Likert Multiple Choice Questionnaire Items Validity Based on the quality and reliability of the construct of the surveys
The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Susceptibility -person’s perception that a health problem is personally relevant or that a diagnosis of illness is accurate Application : define population(s) at risk, risk levels; personalized risk based on a person’s features or behavior; heighten perceived susceptibility if too low
The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Severity -individual’s opinion of how serious a condition and its consequences are in relation to self Application : specify consequences of the risk and the condition
The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Benefits -individual’s belief in the efficacy of the advised action to reduce risk or seriousness of the impact Application : define action to take: the how, where, when and what; clarify the positive effects to be expected
The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Barriers -individual’s opinion of the tangible and psychological cost of the advised action Application : identify and reduce barriers through reassurance, incentives and assistant; know community resources
The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Cues to Action/Motivation -individual’s desire to comply with a treatment; readiness Application : provide how-to information, encouragement and reminders; promote awareness
The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Self-Efficacy/Modifying Factors - individual’s confidence in own ability to take action; ability to work within own person variables and adjust when necessary Application : provide training, guidance and alternatives when hurdles are met
The Health Belief Model: Strengths Ease of use and transferability Non-psychologist friendly Allows for focused research on modifiable behaviors Makes testable predictions: Large threats might be offset by perceived costs; small threats by large benefits etc.
The Health Belief Model: Limitations Does not account for a person’s attitudes, beliefs, or other individual determinants that dictate a person’s acceptance of a health behavior Assumes everyone has access to equal amounts of information on the illness and disease
The Health Belief Model: Limitations Assumes that “health” actions are the main goal in the decision making process Assumes health behavior is rational and logical