Presentation on theme: "The Health Belief Model: An Overview"— Presentation transcript:
1The Health Belief Model: An Overview Leticia L Vance, MSN, Fnp-bcIndiana Wesleyan University doctorate of nursing practice
2The Health Belief Model: A Broad Summary The Health Belief Model is a model which attempts to explain and predict health behaviors and patterns based in psychological theory.
3The Health Belief Model: History and Development Believed to be one of the first behavioral health theoriesDeveloped in the 1950s by a group of social psychologists from the U.S. Public Health ServiceGoal was to determine why so few people were participating in disease prevention and detection programs
4The Health Belief Model: History and Development First used after the failure of a free tuberculosis (TB) health screening to understand why it failedLooks at the relationship between a person’s beliefs and their health behaviors
5The Health Belief Model: Core Belief and Assumptions Health-seeking behavior is influenced by a person’s perception of the potential health problem threatPerception does not equate reality
6The Health Belief Model: Methods and Validity Primary method: SurveysLikertMultiple Choice Questionnaire ItemsValidityBased on the quality and reliability of the construct of the surveys
7The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Susceptibility-person’s perception that a health problem is personally relevant or that a diagnosis of illness is accurateApplication: define population(s) at risk, risk levels; personalized risk based on a person’s features or behavior; heighten perceived susceptibility if too low
8The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Severity-individual’s opinion of how serious a condition and its consequences are in relation to selfApplication: specify consequences of the risk and the condition
9The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Benefits-individual’s belief in the efficacy of the advised action to reduce risk or seriousness of the impactApplication: define action to take: the how, where, when and what; clarify the positive effects to be expected
10The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Perceived Barriers-individual’s opinion of the tangible and psychological cost of the advised actionApplication: identify and reduce barriers through reassurance, incentives and assistant; know community resources
11The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Cues to Action/Motivation-individual’s desire to comply with a treatment; readinessApplication: provide how-to information, encouragement and reminders; promote awareness
12The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined Self-Efficacy/Modifying Factors- individual’s confidence in own ability to take action; ability to work within own person variables and adjust when necessaryApplication: provide training, guidance and alternatives when hurdles are met
13The Health Belief Model: Strengths Ease of use and transferabilityNon-psychologist friendlyAllows for focused research on modifiable behaviorsMakes testable predictions: Large threats might be offset by perceived costs; small threats by large benefits etc.
14The Health Belief Model: Limitations Does not account for a person’s attitudes, beliefs, or other individual determinants that dictate a person’s acceptance of a health behaviorAssumes everyone has access to equal amounts of information on the illness and disease
15The Health Belief Model: Limitations Assumes that “health” actions are the main goal in the decision making processAssumes health behavior is rational and logical