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The Health Belief Model: An Overview LETICIA L VANCE, MSN, FNP-BC INDIANA WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY DOCTORATE OF NURSING PRACTICE.

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Presentation on theme: "The Health Belief Model: An Overview LETICIA L VANCE, MSN, FNP-BC INDIANA WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY DOCTORATE OF NURSING PRACTICE."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Health Belief Model: An Overview LETICIA L VANCE, MSN, FNP-BC INDIANA WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY DOCTORATE OF NURSING PRACTICE

2 The Health Belief Model: A Broad Summary  The Health Belief Model is a model which attempts to explain and predict health behaviors and patterns based in psychological theory.

3 The Health Belief Model: History and Development  Believed to be one of the first behavioral health theories  Developed in the 1950s by a group of social psychologists from the U.S. Public Health Service  Goal was to determine why so few people were participating in disease prevention and detection programs

4 The Health Belief Model: History and Development  First used after the failure of a free tuberculosis (TB) health screening to understand why it failed  Looks at the relationship between a person’s beliefs and their health behaviors

5 The Health Belief Model: Core Belief and Assumptions  Health-seeking behavior is influenced by a person’s perception of the potential health problem threat  Perception does not equate reality

6 The Health Belief Model: Methods and Validity  Primary method: Surveys  Likert  Multiple Choice Questionnaire Items  Validity  Based on the quality and reliability of the construct of the surveys

7 The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined  Perceived Susceptibility -person’s perception that a health problem is personally relevant or that a diagnosis of illness is accurate  Application : define population(s) at risk, risk levels; personalized risk based on a person’s features or behavior; heighten perceived susceptibility if too low

8 The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined  Perceived Severity -individual’s opinion of how serious a condition and its consequences are in relation to self  Application : specify consequences of the risk and the condition

9 The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined  Perceived Benefits -individual’s belief in the efficacy of the advised action to reduce risk or seriousness of the impact  Application : define action to take: the how, where, when and what; clarify the positive effects to be expected

10 The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined  Perceived Barriers -individual’s opinion of the tangible and psychological cost of the advised action  Application : identify and reduce barriers through reassurance, incentives and assistant; know community resources

11 The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined  Cues to Action/Motivation -individual’s desire to comply with a treatment; readiness  Application : provide how-to information, encouragement and reminders; promote awareness

12 The Health Belief Model: Major Concepts Defined  Self-Efficacy/Modifying Factors - individual’s confidence in own ability to take action; ability to work within own person variables and adjust when necessary  Application : provide training, guidance and alternatives when hurdles are met

13 The Health Belief Model: Strengths  Ease of use and transferability  Non-psychologist friendly  Allows for focused research on modifiable behaviors  Makes testable predictions: Large threats might be offset by perceived costs; small threats by large benefits etc.

14 The Health Belief Model: Limitations  Does not account for a person’s attitudes, beliefs, or other individual determinants that dictate a person’s acceptance of a health behavior  Assumes everyone has access to equal amounts of information on the illness and disease

15 The Health Belief Model: Limitations  Assumes that “health” actions are the main goal in the decision making process  Assumes health behavior is rational and logical


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