Chauvet (Shaw-Vay) Cave 30,000 BCE – Paleolithic Age Southern France Wild horses, bison, mammoths, bears, panthers, owls, deer, <-RHINOS, and wild goats were all depicted. Bradshaw Foundation
Rendered with artistic line quality, observant contour line definition, frenetic movement
Pech-Merle Cave Known specifically for dotted, stylized horses. 25,000 BCE in Dordogne, France Depicts silhouettes of hands. Example of positive and negative imagery & implied texture with the spots.
positive/negative imagery implied texture Pech-Merle, 16,000 BCE, Southern France
positive space negative space Pech-Merle, 16,000 BCE, Southern France
Altamira Cave Northern Spain Artists utilized shades to heighten accuracy of depiction. 15,000 BCE
Altamira CeilingAltamira Ceiling, 15,000 BCE Sculptural effects were created with painted animals over rock formations. Artists took advantage of the bulbous contours of the rocks.
Great Black Bull, photograph N. Aujoulat (2003)
Lascaux Shaman? Possible depiction of a shaman. Shaman: “ a person regarding to have access to, and influence in, the world of good and evil spirits. ” Endowed by nature (enhanced by teaching and practice) with powers of self-control that allow them to fall into a trance at will. Once in the trance, they hear voices and obtain information.
Differentiate between the caves with 3 unique words for each. What makes them unique? Chauvet 1. example: oldest cave: 30,000BCE (can’t use this) 2. 3. Pech Merle 1. 2. 3. Altamira 1. 2. 3. Lascaux 1. 2. 3.
2-Minute Essay In your notes: – Select one cave from today’s discussion and write why you selected it. The more specific details included, the better. Did you like it? Did you not? WHY? Be ready to share your opinion.
So what do the paintings mean? Take a few minutes and brainstorm why the paintings would even be made? What was the motivation behind their creation? Why would a hunter-gatherer spend time making these images?
In groups of three, read the pink box on page 8 in the maroon Art through the Ages. From the text, re-answer the questions: What was the motivation for cave paintings? Why would a hunter-gatherer spend time making these images? Is anything known for certain? Finally: in your group, creation an original advertisement for a Pre-historic “artist”. What services would he/she offer? What would it say? What images (drawn) would be included?