Presentation on theme: "1 A handbook on HIV, law and human rights for the judiciary: A critical tool in a human rights-based HIV response Richard Elliott, Alison Symington and."— Presentation transcript:
1 A handbook on HIV, law and human rights for the judiciary: A critical tool in a human rights-based HIV response Richard Elliott, Alison Symington and Cécile Kazatchkine XIX International AIDS Conference, Washington, D.C. Oral Abstract Session: “Legal Action, Legal Support” July 26, :00-12:30
2 About the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (www.aidslaw.ca) promotes the human rights of people living with and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, in Canada and internationally, through research, legal and policy analysis, education, and community mobilization. The Legal Network is Canada’s leading advocacy organization working on the legal and human rights issues raised HIV/AIDS.
3 The role of the judiciary The HIV epidemic has raised new and complex legal and human rights challenges which are coming before courts around the world. Generally speaking, discrimination, marginalization, stigmatization and lack of human rights of individuals and groups heighten vulnerability to HIV. The judiciary can help to create the type of legal and social environment necessary to roll back the HIV epidemic, provide access to justice for those affected, and achieve national commitments to universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.
4 The role of the judiciary (2) Challenges: quickly evolving area of scientific, medical and legal issues; context required to adjudicate the diverse HIV-related cases; and coercive policies and programs that limit human rights continue to be applied in an attempt to curb risk behaviours.
5 The resource Judging during the epidemic: A comprehensive judicial handbook on HIV, human rights and the law Researched and written by Richard Elliott, Patricia Allard, Sandra Ka Hon Chu, Mikhail Golichenko, Cécile Kazatchkine, and Alison Symington of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Commissioned by UNAIDS.
6 The Advisory Committee 13 members including sitting and retired judges, judicial trainers, and legal experts from South Africa, Israel, Canada, Costa Rica, United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Poland, Mexico, India and Ghana. provided input on the format and content of the resource.
7 Contents Introduction Part 1. Legal Decisions that Promote Human Rights in the Context of HIV A.Discrimination on the basis of HIV-positive status or presumed HIV-positive status B.The criminal law and HIV exposure and/or transmission C.Sexual assault and domestic violence D.Drug laws, harm reduction and the rights of people who use drugs E. Women’s rights with respect to family and property F.HIV/AIDS-related treatment and healthcare G.Human rights and key populations at higher risk of HIV exposure
8 Contents (2) The 7 chapters in Part 1 each address one substantive issue area. Sub-sections: introduction to the issues including references to pertinent studies, examples and statistics; overview of relevant legal provisions (international, regional and domestic); factors which are relevant when adjudicating a case; and summaries of several cases from different jurisdictions.
9 Contents (3) Part 2. Judging During the Epidemic Part 3. Essential information on HIV and AIDS A.How is HIV transmitted? B.HIV disease and treatment C.Scientific research on the risk of sexual transmission of HIV and on HIV as a chronic manageable infection D.Living with HIV
10 Contents (4) Part 4. Appendices A.Worldwide HIV & AIDS statistics B.Resources for further information C.Statement of Principles on HIV, the Law and the Judiciary in sub-Saharan Africa (Meeting of Eminent African Jurists on HIV and the Law in the 21 st Century, December 2009)
11 Using Judging during the Epidemic a resource for judges, magistrates, arbitrators and other judicial officers throughout the world to assist in the adjudication of HIV- related cases; a resource for judicial trainers and ministries of justice to deliver educational programs to judges and magistrates on legal issues related to HIV and human rights; and based on international standards, it contains examples of decided cases from different jurisdictions, good practice advice and scientific information.
12 Using Judging during the Epidemic (2) given diverse legal systems, rules of evidence and procedure, diversity of laws, range of possible fact patterns, the handbook is not a detailed reference manual; it provides practical guidance, examples, and evidence-informed reasoning that judges and magistrates can use in their own work; and each chapter can be read in its entirety or consulted selectively. Each chapter has been written to “stand alone”.
13 A note about science contains most advanced information available at the time of writing; advises to consult the most recent and reliable scientific studies and guidelines; acknowledges that changes in scientific conclusions may require changes in judicial decisions as well; and notes that the basic facts about HIV will remain constant and the imperative to protect human rights will never lose its vigour.