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Reinventing the Suburbs, from Disdainable to Sustainable ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio.

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Presentation on theme: "Reinventing the Suburbs, from Disdainable to Sustainable ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reinventing the Suburbs, from Disdainable to Sustainable ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

2 Reinventing the Suburbs, from Disdainable to Sustainable Reinventing the Suburbs, from Disdainable to Sustainable ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Even after a weighted attack 70% of the housing market still desire SUBURBAN over URBAN values. In carefully worded surveys intentionally weighted against suburban values – Smart Growth demonstrates that 30% respond that they would prefer compact neighborhoods over the dysfunction of the suburbs …

3 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

4 NAHB Green Certified Natonal Association of Home Builders Green Certification MNGreenstar Certified LEED modified for cold climates. TWO PORCHES! Organic Sculpted Driveway 4 car stacked garage Deck Storage Shed Passive Solar Design No mow – no water grasses ALSO TWO PORSCHES!

5 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio SPACE: SPACE: Smart Growth forces a minimum of 7 homes per (net) acre… SPACE: SPACE: National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) suggests 3 homes per acre will curb sprawl…

6 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio 1 Acre: 1 Acre: An acre of land is 208 X 209 feet MINIMUM 7 Per Acre: This does not leave much space and can actually force monotony! This is the LOWEST Suggested DENSITY!!

7 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio OPEN SPACE: OPEN SPACE: ½ mile is a 30 minute walk (to & from) – Why not have open space adjacent to all homes?

8 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Alleys: Alleys: Rear garages consume private backyard space Walk to open space: Only a few homes are close to open space. Premium Locations: The few home sites that view space will be very expensive.

9 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio SPACE: SPACE: private useable area for the kids to play ACCOMPLISHMENT: ACCOMPLISHMENT: A Large House as a reward for hard work NEW: Having the latest – fresh and efficient STORAGE: STORAGE: A place to protect your cars, boat, motorcycle, etc.

10 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio PATTERNS: PATTERNS: Most curved patterns are confusing (due to poor design) PROMINENT GARAGES Garages are the main architectural feature WALKING: WALKING: Driving takes priority –walks are too small to be useable. LACK OF CONNECTIVITY: Typically no easy to walk…

11 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

12 Sec. 38-1. Purpose and intent. The goals and objectives guiding the city planning and zoning commission and the city council in the preparation and adoption of this article are: (1) To provide for the harmonious development of the urban area. (2) To coordinate the supply of services as a tool for directing the optimal distribution of population in the urban area. (3) To provide for the separation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. (4) To designate and preserve through advance dedication/reservation of rights-of-way for transportation corridors. (5) To insure the acquisition of land and facilities for public needs - parks, schools, open space, fire and police facilities. (6) To preserve and maintain scenic vistas. (7) To encourage the preservation of natural vegetation to minimize erosion. (8) To restrict development in areas where hazards may result. (9) To minimize the financial burden of urban development upon the city. (10) To assure the accuracy of land records. (11) To address the needs of sensitive lands that would be adversely affected by common land development practices or by the strict applications of this article. (12) To encourage the recognition and preservation of natural ecosystems. ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

13 Purpose And Intent Harmonious Development Maintain Scenic Vistas Minimize Financial Burden Separate Pedestrians & Vehicles Optimal Population Distribution Preserve Natural Ecosystems Sec. 38-1. Purpose and intent. The goals and objectives guiding the city planning and zoning commission and the city council in the preparation and adoption of this article are: (1) To provide for the harmonious development of the urban area. (2) To coordinate the supply of services as a tool for directing the optimal distribution of population in the urban area. (3) To provide for the separation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. (4) To designate and preserve through advance dedication/reservation of rights-of-way for transportation corridors. (5) To insure the acquisition of land and facilities for public needs - parks, schools, open space, fire and police facilities. (6) To preserve and maintain scenic vistas. (7) To encourage the preservation of natural vegetation to minimize erosion. (8) To restrict development in areas where hazards may result. (9) To minimize the financial burden of urban development upon the city. (10) To assure the accuracy of land records. (11) To address the needs of sensitive lands that would be adversely affected by common land development practices or by the strict applications of this article. (12) To encourage the recognition and preservation of natural ecosystems. ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

14 Purpose And Intent Harmonious Development Maintain Scenic Vistas Minimize Financial Burden Separate Pedestrians & Vehicles Optimal Population Distribution Preserve Natural Ecosystems Planners use only the minimums! All planners go straight to the “minimums” to design a site. ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

15 Planners use only the minimums! ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio All planners go straight to the “minimums” to design a site.

16 Purpose And Intent Harmonious Development Maintain Scenic Vistas Minimize Financial Burden Separate Pedestrians & Vehicles Optimal Population Distribution Preserve Natural Ecosystems NO ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

17 Flow is defined as the ability to enter and safely traverse the neighborhood with a minimum of stops and turns... The County Engineer requested we eliminate the exit to the 7 home Cul-De-Sac ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Halstead Pointe Minnetrista, Minnesota

18 The change adds 1,750 feet travel per home… Leaving & returning would = 3,500 feet 2/3rd mile! 10 trips per home = 6 ½ miles per day! ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Halstead Pointe Minnetrista, Minnesota 3.6 Homes Per Acre (NET)

19 Consequences: Removing the drive is equal to circling the earth 7 times every decade: Wasting about 11,000 gallons of fuel (15 MPG) Taking 50 weeks out of the residents lives (20 MPH) ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

20 Clover Ridge Chaska, Minnesota Turnabouts: Turnabout destroys flow for all directions Short Blocks: To create a walking connectivity – short blocks are promoted 4-Way: Slow-down – stop (maybe) look – wait – (turn?) accelerate – repeat! Tight & Complex: Slow-down – turn - accelerate – repeat! 4-Way: Slow-down – stop (maybe) look – wait – (turn?) accelerate – repeat!4-Way: 4-Way: 4-Way: Turnabouts: Turnabout destroys flow for all directions

21 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

22 ORIGINAL SITE PLAN BY OTHER PLANNER 240 lots on 55 Acres Placitas de La Paz Coachella, California 6.76 Homes Per Acre (NET) Increased Density: Reduced street 42% volume - INCREASED density by 31 lots! Destination: All streets have great flow and lead to a central park Winner of the 2001 Low Income Project of the Year Award! ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

23 The “art” of coving creates an organic streetscape that decreases STREET LENGTH an average of 25% compared to suburban design … Upwards of 50% reduced length compared to Smart Growth! LaSienna- Edinburg, Texas Meandering Setback: Meandering Setback: The front setback creates space adjacent to all homes Density: Density is based on length of setback – coving stretches it. Reduced Infrastructure: Great for economics & the environment.

24 The angles formed by coved home positions, allow longer view sheds, from almost every home. Front Yards Rear yards Side yards too! LaSienna- Edinburg, Texas 3.01 Homes Per Acre ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

25 Hunters Pass – Albertville, Minnesota’s 2 nd Coved Neighborhood 2.85 Homes Per Acre (NET) Unobstructed Lake View from Loft ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

26 Sculpting: This technique directs views to highlight features behind the homes Pull-Back: Almost all homes overlook the golf course (and many also the lake). Wedgewood Coves – Albert Lea, Minnesota 3.2 Homes Per Acre (NET)

27 Lake Calhoun - Minneapolis ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

28 Dean Parkway – Minneapolis ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Functional Width: Typical 4’ walks are unusable – a 6’ width will invite the walks use. Beauty: The meandering walk adds beauty and character to the neighborhood.

29 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio The Coves at Winfield Laredo, Texas A New Way: A 10’ wide one mile trail defines the new neighborhood… Maze Pattern: This maze-like pattern would be a nightmare to drive or walk through

30 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio The Coves at Winfield Laredo, Texas 4.9 Homes Per Acre (NET) Safe & Secure: The sculpted islands allow for crossing at one-way lanes. Time & Energy: Elongated sculpted islands provide dominant traffic flow eliminating those pesky Smart Growth turnabouts!. Connecting Varied Uses: The three school sites, the commercial, multi-family and single family are all connected by parkways. School Retail Economical: Coving reduced length of streets by 30%

31 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Clover Ridge Chaska, Minnesota Intermixed Values??: Appraisers factor adjacent real estate values = lower income on the same block may reduce home values. Intermixing Uses: Intermixing Single Family, Apartments, Townhomes

32 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio A promise of higher living standards… Loading Docks Low Income Raw Deal: Typically suburban zoning places the highest density (most families) in the worst location. Transitional Use: By transitioning from low cost to upper end housing the entire development loses prestige and value.

33 Showcasing Neighborhood: Higher priced homes up front heighten image. Reverse Transitional Use: Placing lower priced homes internal and to the rear raises the perception of the entire neighborhood ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio The Reserve Spearfish, South Dakota 3.31 Lots Per Acre (NET) Neighborhood Marketplace: Eliminating loading docks and connecting shops with the open space provides a destination for the trails and enhances residential.

34 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Smart Growth?? Charleston, South Carolina 80% Rooftop & Paving: How can this possibly be “good” for the environment?

35 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Hunters Pass Albertville, Minnesota Fluid Shapes: The organic patterns of Prefurbia conforms to natural contours much better than the rigid grid of Smart Growth. Very Low Impact: Surface flow replaces most sewer pipes reducing environmental impacts and construction costs! Smart Growth = no cul-de- sacs even though home buyers love them – Prefurbia oversizes them for efficiency!

36 Example: Maple Ridge (before approved plan) – Collinsville, Illinois Not Efficient: The standard cul-de-sac requires 5,600 to 9,000 sq.ft. of paving to serve very few lots. ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Not Connected: The standard cul-de-sac dead- ends leaving no way to connect to neighborhood.

37 Example: Maple Ridge Replatted to Prefurbia – Collinsville, Illinois 2.71 Homes Per Acre (NET) Less Paving: Narrow one way lane uses less paving – very efficient. Environmentally Superior: The island can be used for drainage and park space. Reduced Sprawl: Additional setback with larger radii consumes LESS land! Connected: This walk connects the cul-de-sac to neighbors ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

38 Example: Roseheart – San Antonio, Texas ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

39 Most developers would be thrilled with this original design translating no space for high density– ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Example: Southwind Coves – Florida Low income cars:: The main focal point of this project is parked low income cars parked close to the lanes. Costly drainage system: Abundance of sewer pipes to reach this disconnected detention pond… Claustrophobic Monotony: This rigid plan lacks space and value, besides being ugly.

40 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

41 A much different plan with 150 instead of 156 units but less development costs = higher profits! ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Example: Southwind Coves – Florida Porches instead of Fords Porches in the front hides parking to the rear – walks connect all neighbors. Emulating Nature: Surface flow spreads ponds as a neighborhood feature. No Monotony: No two places are alike – smaller building allow 2/3 rd to have end windows.

42 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Example: Hennipen Village Eden Prairie, Minnesota Porch & face detail only Smart Growth– nothing about how the interior spaces relate to the outside. Low View Area: Not much exposure to good views

43 Low Income Housing – East Lyme, Connecticut. ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Porch & All sides detailed: Prefurbia is about blending interior architecture as a component of the site plan…even for low income homes! Interior Space Planning: The interior spaces expand to the premium view areas – an entirely new way to incorporate architecture!

44 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Low Income Housing – East Lyme, Connecticut. Original 81 units: Low income Low living standards Prefurbia 82 Units: Low Income – Luxurious living!

45 Original Approved Smart Growth Plan Total Units ………………… 2,700 Average Lot Size ………… 6,900 s.f. Total Park Area …………… 40 Acres Intersections……………….. 350 Commercial ……………….. 1 mil. S.f. Re-Approved based on Prefurbia Plan 3,006 (+306) 7,912 s.f. (+1000) 250 Acres (+210) 150 (-200) 1 mil. S.f. San Cristobal Village – Santa Fe, New Mexico ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Density & Lot Size: 306 More Units Average Lot 1,000 Sq.Ft. greater Impacts slopes 5% less! 5.54 Homes Per Acre (NET) Street Reduction: 9 MILES LESS

46 ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

47 Purpose And Intent Harmonious Development Maintain Scenic Vistas Minimize Financial Burden Separate Pedestrians & Vehicles Optimal Population Distribution Preserve Natural Ecosystems MAYBE NO ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

48 Purpose And Intent Harmonious Development Maintain Scenic Vistas Minimize Financial Burden Separate Pedestrians & Vehicles Optimal Population Distribution Preserve Natural Ecosystems YES! EMBRACED YEP AFFIRMATIVE ABSOLUTELY YEAH! ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

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50 Original Plan View of Sound ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio

51 We are the only organization in planning that develops technologies to make this new era possible. ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio Performance Planning System Beta Available Now.

52 Prefurbia = Sustainable Suburbia. If (honestly presented) surveys compared Smart Growth “values” to Prefurbia – what percentage would desire Smart Growth? – certainly not 30% (10%?) Prefurbia is published by Sustainable Land Development International

53 Prefurbia: Reduce time, energy, and pollution in new suburban development; Reduce construction costs to make housing more affordable; Deliver the human desire for space; Provide a foundation for the suburban value of pride in ones achievements; Promote pedestrian usage; Provide a framework for successful retail; Lower environmental impact of development. Preserve the American Dream! ©2009 Rick Harrison Site Design Studio


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