Intro 1 Corresponding text is on page 786 of your textbook.
Intro 2 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. What kind of movie do you think the people in this photograph are viewing, given their expressions and body language? They are probably viewing a scary movie. How does 3-D viewing affect your response to a movie? Does it intensify the action for you?
To enjoy reading suspenseful stories Intro 3 To analyze the literary elements in plays, short stories, and poems (irony, the three types, and mood) To apply strategies for reading suspenseful tales and poems Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
Starting Point: Ghoulish Humor Humor and horror may seem to be unlikely partners. However, many scary stories heighten the suspense by putting funny surprises together with frightful moments. Other stories simply poke fun at traditional horror plots. Exploring 1 Create a comic strip that either turns a scary situation into a funny one or pokes fun at a popular scary story you’ve read recently.
Exploring 2 Starting Point: Heart-Stopping Moments Every now and then, our imaginations get the best of us. In the dark, the lamp’s shadow on the wall becomes a lunging monster. The rustle of the trees becomes a haunting voice. Remember a time when your imagination went into overdrive and scared you silly. Write two or three paragraphs describing the scene that set off your imagination.
Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 832 of your textbook. Genre Focus 1 What keeps your eyes glued to the pages of a mystery, a horror story, or a spooky tale? Writers of these stories are experts in the art of suspense–the building excitement and anxiety that pull readers into a story and keep them hooked until the end. To create this tension and arouse curiosity, writers give special attention to the elements described on the following slides.
Genre Focus 2 Characters The main characters are described clearly, so that readers learn about their appearance, actions, and thoughts–including their fears. For example, in “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow,” readers see that Ichabod Crane’s imagination often gets the better of him, especially after a night spent telling ghost stories. ELEMENTMODEL “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” What fearful shapes and shadows beset his path amidst the dim and ghastly glare of a snowy night! And how often was he thrown into complete dismay by some rushing blast, howling among the trees, in the idea that it was the Galloping Hessian on one of his nightly scourings! Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 832 of your textbook.
Genre Focus 3 Setting Every detail about the setting contributes to the feeling of tension and, sometimes, of foreboding. ELEMENTMODEL “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” … a small brook crossed the road, and ran into a marshy and thickly wooded glen, known by the name of Wiley’s Swamp. A few rough logs, laid side by side, served for a bridge over this stream …. This has … been considered a haunted stream, and fearful are the feelings of the schoolboy who has to pass it alone after dark. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 832 of your textbook.
Genre Focus 4 Conflict and Climax The conflicts, or problems, that the characters experience lead to the moment of most intense excitement, called the climax. ELEMENTMODEL “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” Just then [Ichabod] saw the goblin rising in his stirrups, and in the very act of hurling his head at him. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 832 of your textbook.
Active Reading 1 Suspense stories can keep you reading for hours if you are an active reader. You’ll get more out of the story if you talk to yourself as it unfolds. Use the following strategies to help you enjoy the suspense stories in this theme. Use the tips on the following slides to help you actively read a suspense story. Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 833 of your textbook.
What does this conversation tell about the characters? Active Reading 2 Question As the plot twists and turns, you may feel like racing ahead in the story to find out what happens. However, be sure you understand details. Ask yourself … Why is this background information in the story? What will it tell me that I need to know? Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 833 of your textbook. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
Active Reading 3 What are the possible outcomes? Predict Look for clues that suggest what might happen next, and then make predictions about the story’s outcome. Later, as you continue to read, verify or adjust your predictions. Ask yourself … Which one is most likely? Is this character clever enough or brave enough to find a way out of this dilemma? Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 833 of your textbook. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
Active Reading 4 What would I do in this situation? Respond Let yourself be carried away by the tension and excitement. Ask yourself … What advice would I give these characters? Corresponding text for this feature can be found on page 833 of your textbook. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
Before 3-1 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. To read and analyze a short story that explores how terror and fear affect an unbalanced person To identify mood & in a short story To write an analysis of a scary scene
Before 3-2 Edgar Allan Poe was born in 1809 and died in 1849. “The Tell-Tale Heart” was first published in Pioneer magazine in January 1843. Click the Speaker button to hear more about Edgar Allan Poe.
Before 3-3 BACKGROUND Did You Know? Poe spent most of his life writing poetry, beginning as a teenager and sacrificing material comforts for twenty years so that he could concentrate on his art. The success finally found with his poem “The Raven” didn’t improve his financial status. The poem was reprinted and parodied everywhere, and Poe was invited to tour the country lecturing and reading his work. However, he was paid less than $15 for the poem, and lecturing paid barely enough to support him. Three years after “The Raven” came out, Poe still could not afford to keep his house warm during his wife’s final battle with tuberculosis.
Reading 3-A Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. Navigation Toolbar A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O PA B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Active Reading Adjust Speed (page 537 1 st paragraph) What is unusual about the punctuation? What does it suggest about the narrator? The many dashes and exclamation points suggest the narrator’s frantic state of mind/a sense of unease. How does this affect your reading of the story? The punctuation slows the reader down, which was the author’s intent.
Reading 3-D Critical Thinking Evaluating From what point of view is the story told? The story is told from the first-person point of view. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. What are the advantages and disadvantages of telling this kind of a story in first person? Advantage: The readers “get into” the mind of the character, and the first-person voice helps them to do this. Disadvantage: Readers have only the narrator’s point of view from which to evaluate the events.
Literary Elements Reading 3-G Mood How does the narrator use the sense of hearing to intensify the sense of terror and anxiety? (page 539) The narrator describes a quiet so intense that he can hear bugs moving in the wall. The old man’s terrified groan echoes dreadfully in the silence. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.
Active Reading (cont.) Reading 3-Ia I Predict What does the term tell-tale mean? Tell-tale means “revealing.” Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. What does that word suggest about the end of the story? Perhaps the loudly beating heart will reveal the old man’s murderer.
Critical Thinking Reading 3-N N Infer How does the narrator’s mental state change once he thinks he hears something? He becomes more and more agitated, talking quickly and loudly. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.
Author’s Craft Reading 3-O Italics Review the italicized sentence in the long paragraph on page 841: “It was a low, dull, quick sound–much such a sound as a watch makes when enveloped in cotton.” Why do you think the author italicizes this sentence? Poe may be suggesting another explanation for the sound the murderer hears. The narrator may be hearing a watch, which his guilty conscience imagines is the murdered man’s heart. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. O
Active Reading Reading 3-P P Respond Imagine the scene in the final paragraph as enacted in a movie. How might an audience respond? How does it make you feel?
Analyzing 3-6 EVALUATE AND CONNECT Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. Who has the “tell-tale” heart in this story–the narrator or the old man? Defend your choice. The tell-tale heart can refer to the old man’s heart if the story is interpreted as describing a supernatural event. It can also be the narrator’s heart. He may finally have been so overcome with guilt and fear that his own heart impelled him to give himself away.
Literary Elements 3-1 The mood of a story is the emotional effect it has on a reader. LITERARY ELEMENTS Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. The overall mood of “The Tell-Tale Heart” is one of anxiety and fear. One way Poe achieves this mood is through the rhythm of his language, which mimics a fast, irregular heartbeat. Poe’s use of exclamation marks and dashes conveys agitation, as does the narrator’s repetition of the word “nervous.”
Literature and Writing 3-1 Suspenseful Scene Which scene from this story did you find most gripping or scary? Why did it affect you this way? Write a paragraph or two explaining your answer. Include details and examples from the story to support your answer.
Literary Elements Transparency 3-2 description of evil eyefear use of exclamation points and dashes to portray abrupt changes in thought agitation, anxiety portrayal of narrator during police visit anxiety description of pounding heart anxiety
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