Presentation on theme: "Write 4 bullet points explaining how Jews were treated over time from 1933 to 1939. Make sure each one is steadily worse. Get your testimony out you that."— Presentation transcript:
Write 4 bullet points explaining how Jews were treated over time from 1933 to 1939. Make sure each one is steadily worse. Get your testimony out you that you did for homework – Did this person experience any differences in their treatment once WWII had started? How were Jewish people treated during WWII? B aim – to explain how events in WWII impacted the treatment of Jewish people and whether their increasingly poor treatment was planned or improvised A/A* aim - to explain how events in WWII impacted the treatment of Jewish people, whether their increasingly poor treatment was planned or improvised and what this suggests about blame for the Holocaust
1939 1945 Add these events to your timeline. Invasion of Poland 1 September 1939 Start WWII – 3 rd September Britain and France declare war on Germany 17 th Sep 1939 – USSR invaded Poland Invasion of Russia and advances being made – June 1941 Get stuck in Russia – Stalingrad – August 1942 to February 1943 America announces will be involved in WWII - Dec 1941
Early actions – write down 3 general trend 1939 and 1940 – War broke out September 1939 1/09/39 – curfew for all Jews 21/09/39 – Jews to be concentrated at railway junctions and radio sets confiscated from Jews 1939 – got Poland and deported Jews from German occupied Poland 1940 – ration books stamped with a J so that they couldn’t get some materials – e.g. Leather 1941 – Star of David badge 1941 – aggressively tried to get Jews out of Berlin by explicitly saying ‘annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe’ in propaganda. 1942 – Jews could no longer receive Reich sports medal 1943 – German Jews lost citizenship
Ghettoisation – Jan 1940 Jews used for slave labour and confined in ghettos in Lodz, Warsaw, Lublin, Radom and Lvov. Months later the Warsaw ghetto was sealed off. In response to the pressure from greater numbers of Jews living in Poland – they can’t make them all emigrate so they move them into ghettos. – The Pianist – 15 mins 30s
Deportation – add each example with a reason why the Nazis chose to do it – ‘Final solution’ was territorial 1939 – Polish Jews deported because there was pressure from greater number of Jews in Poland 1940 Heydrich suggested moving 3.25 million Jews to Madagascar, Hitler like it and mentioned it to Mussolini, likely they would die en route or here. Didn’t take into account Britain may defeat Germany at sea. Because there was pressure from controlling more Jews. Hoped after 1941 Russia invasion could relocate to other side of the Urals. Because their Madagascar plan has been ruined as Britain controls the seas. Also controlled lots of more Russian and Orthadox Jews. 1942 – deport on a much greater scale to West Poland to Warthegau as Stalin had deported 600,000 ethnic Germans to Siberia with 400,000 to follow, US had announced they would shoot on sight any German waships, Gauleiters were each trying to deport out of their area which then just built pressure on other Gauleiters. They intended to deport Jews further East when they could http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lcz3QvJOytQ&safe=active http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qq5G_IZB0b8&safe=active
Death squads and early gassing – When they invaded Russia in early 1941 came into contact with Orthadox Jews. SS Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Units) was authorised by Hitler to exterminate Jews in Eastern Europe and Russia – in 8 months 700,000 had been murdered. They were under the direction of Himmler. They killed Jews, Gypsies, Polish intelligentsia and Soviet political commisars. Some were involved in T4. It was made up of 4 units. They would follow the advancing armies and once land had been conquered this squad would shoot all the Jews who lived there. Often thought that they were young impressionable men, but research in the 1990s of one unit shows they were all in their 40s and fully aware of their actions and did it of their own free will – people did leave the squads if they wished to without fear of being killed – they could be moved to another unit. – Begins slowly 1941, accelerates in 1942 - Once Jews were deported to Warthegau this seemed to heighten anti-Semitism. Camps began to be made – but they were holding camps and work camps at this stage – later they would be changed. Gauleiter and other local leaders got harsher. Police Chief Globocnik ordered construction of gassing facilities for killings Jews incapable of work. In Lodz Jews shot and gassed in vans. In Warthegau started killing Jews in gas vans. – Muller announced no Jew could emigrate 1942 – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keAK_Uzm6po&safe=active http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keAK_Uzm6po&safe=active
What problems did Hitler face with solving the ‘Jewish problem’? Can’t deport East as can’t win in Russia – have to do something else Shooting Jews unrealistic for the millions remaining in Russia Britain controlled the seas so couldn’t deport them overseas (Madagascar plan) Could use as hostages for dealings with the USA? December 1941 – America declared war. Shortly after Hitler announced that Jews would be ‘exterminated as partisans’ How could he deal with these problems?
How were Jewish people treated during WWII? B aim – to explain how events in WWII impacted the treatment of Jewish people and whether their increasingly poor treatment was planned or improvised A/A* aim - to explain how events in WWII impacted the treatment of Jewish people, whether their increasingly poor treatment was planned or improvised and what this suggests about blame for the Holocaust Why did Hitler decide to set up concentration camps? List the events of WWII which had an impact on how Jews were treated and explain the impact it had. Was the increasingly poor treatment of Jews planned or improvised? Using the evidence of events prior to the Holocaust, who does it appear was to blame for the Holocaust?
Research the Wannsee Conference and write a description of what it was Use the index and contents of the pink and red books and prepare the following – The Final Solution was planned from the outset – kausar, reginald, deborah – The Final Solution was improvised – agonita, charis, whelan Write a list of who was to blame for the Holocaust with evidence next to each part Homework – Due Thursday