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1. beacon(n.) a light or other signal that warns and guides; a lighthouse; anything that guides or inspires Sailors returning to port on a dark night search.

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Presentation on theme: "1. beacon(n.) a light or other signal that warns and guides; a lighthouse; anything that guides or inspires Sailors returning to port on a dark night search."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. beacon(n.) a light or other signal that warns and guides; a lighthouse; anything that guides or inspires Sailors returning to port on a dark night search for the glow of a familiar _________. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ beacon beam, flare

2 2. berserk(adj., adv.) violently and destructively enraged A __________ gunman terrified the crowd of subway riders. The wounded lion went __________ in his cage. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ berserk (adj.) mad, deranged berserk (adj.) sane, rational

3 3. celestial(adj.) having to do with the sky or heavens; heavenly; yielding great bliss or happiness The sun is the brightest __________ body in our solar system. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ ethereal, stellar, blissful celestial earthly, terrestrial, infernal

4 4. chasten(v.) to punish (in order to bring about improvement in behavior, attitude, etc.); to restrain, moderate Dad knows how to ___________the stubborn child with a firm but soothing voice. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ discipline, temper chasten praise, commend, reward

5 5. confiscate(v.) to seize by authority; to take and keep The police will ____________that car and put it in the sealed lot. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ commandeer, expropriate confiscate return, restore

6 6. data(pl. n.) information; facts For math class, we collected ________ on the Internet sites students visited during the past week. data

7 7. detract(v.) to take away from; reduce in value or reputation Nothing can _________ or take away from your beauty! SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ detract subtract from, lower increase, heighten, enhance

8 8. encounter(n.) a meeting (especially one that is unplanned); a meeting of enemies, battle; (v.) to meet or come upon Remember our ___________ with that skunk? We might _____________ other curious visitors to the Crystal Caverns in Virginia. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ encounter (n.) confrontation; (v.) happen upon (v.) avoid, sidestep encounter

9 9. epic(n.) a long narrative poem (or other literary composition) about the deeds of heroes; an event or movement of great sweep; (adj.) on a grand scale, vast Beowulf, the English _______was written around the year 700. It describes _______ struggles between the forces of good and evil. SYNONYMS: ________________________________ epic (n.) saga, chronicle epic

10 10. pantomime(n.) a play or story performed without words by actors using only gestures; (v.) to express in this way The very outspoken street performer amused us when she suddenly included ____________ in her routine. We ____________ when we’re unable to speak. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ pantomime (n.) charade, mime show, dumb show pantomime

11 11. pessimist(n.) one who believes or expects the worst A ____________sees a glass as half empty. SYNONYMS: ________________________________ ANTONYMS: ________________________________ pessimist killjoy optimist, Pollyanna

12 12. precaution (n.) care taken beforehand; a step or action taken to prevent something from happening I advise you to take every __________necessary to prevent a household fire. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ precaution foresight, prudence, safeguard recklessness, heedlessness

13 13. prosecute(v.) to bring before a court of law for trial; to carry out She was told she would not be ____________ if she restored the money. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ prosecuted put on trial, pursue defend, abandon, give up

14 14. puncture(n.) a small hole made by a sharp object; (v.) to make such a hole, pierce He used a needle to make a small _________ in the balloon. I tried not to wince as the hypodermic needle _____________ my skin. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ puncture (n.) perforation puncture

15 15. retaliate (v.) to get revenge; to strike back for an injury I would __________ for that cheap insult, but I fear it may only make matters worse. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ retaliate avenge, pay back, get even with pardon, forgive, turn the other cheek

16 16. sham(adj.) fake, not genuine; (n.) something false pretending to be genuine; a pretender; a decorated pillow covering (v.) to pretend The play includes a _______fight scene. Her claim that she’s a princess is a _______. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ sham (adj.) phony, counterfeit; (n.) fraud (adj.) authentic, bona fide sham

17 17. uncouth(adj.) unrefined, crude; awkward or clumsy Although the quality of his work was good, his ___________ attitude cost him the job. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ uncouth boorish, graceless refined, polished, graceful, genteel

18 18. underscore(v.) to draw a line under; to put special emphasis on; (n.) a line drawn under something The dire situation in the hospital’s emergency room ____________the importance of having enough doctors and nurses available. The word with the ____________is in Spanish. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ underscores (v.) underline, stress, emphasize, accent (v.) downplay, de-emphasize, soft-pedal underscore

19 19. wholesome(adj.) healthy; morally and socially sound and good; helping to bring about or preserve good health He always eats ____________ and nutritious foods. SYNONYMS: _________________________________ ANTONYMS: _________________________________ nourishing, beneficial harmful, unhealthy, baneful wholesome

20 20. wistful(adj.) full of melancholy yearning or longing, sad Her __________ look made me sad. ANTONYMS: _________________________________ cheerful, happy, contented, satisfied wistful


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