2Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface.It usually gives us a feeling about its subject.Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.Printed QuizOnline Quiz
3Recognizing Literal Language “I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten.Literal language is language that means exactly what is said.Most of the time, we useliteral language.
4What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
5If you see a star on the slide – you should take notes – this information will be on a test.
6Types of Figurative Language IdiomsImagerySimileMetaphorAlliterationPersonificationOnomatopoeiaHyperbole
7IdiomsAn idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language.Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.
8IdiomsIdioms are phrases which people use in everyday language which do not make sense literally but we understand what they mean
9An idiom is an expression that has a meaning apart from the meanings of its individual words. For example: It’s raining cats and dogs. Its literal meaning suggests that cats and dogs are falling from the sky. We interpret it to mean that it is raining hard.Other Examples:To stick your neck out is to say or do something that is bold and a bit dangerous. A similar idiom that is used for slightly more dangerous situations is to "go out on a limb." In both idioms, the idea is that you put yourself in a vulnerable position.To break the ice is to be the first one to say or do something, with the expectation that others will then follow. Another idiom that means something similar is "get the ball rolling."To get long in the tooth means to get old. The expression was originally used when referring to horses since gums recede with age. So the longer the teeth a horse has, the older it is said to be.To have a chip on one's shoulder is usually an expression to describe a person who acts, as you say, rudely or aggressively, but also in a manner that could be described as "aggressively defensive." The person seems always ready for a fight.
10Imagery • Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.• Sight• Hearing• Touch• Taste• Smell
11SimileA figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as.Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
12MetaphorA figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as.Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
13AlliterationRepeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words.Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
14RepetitionA sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem. In Poe’s poem “The Raven” ‘nevermore’ is repeated at the end of five stanzas in a row.“Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore.’”
15PersonificationA figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.Example: “The wind yells while blowing."The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
16Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
17HyperboleAn exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.
19POETRYA type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
20POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKERThe speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.
21POETRY FORM A word is dead When it is said, Some say.I say it justBegins to liveThat day.FORM – the type of poem, or how a poem is organizedLINE - a group of words together on one line of the poemSTANZA - a group of lines arranged together
22KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet = a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanzaQuatrain = a four line stanzaQuintet = a five line stanzaSestet (Sextet) = a six line stanzaSeptet = a seven line stanzaOctave = an eight line stanza
23FREE VERSE POETRYUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.A more modern type of poetry.
24RHYMEWords that sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.(A word always rhymes with itself.)LAMPSTAMPShare the short “a” vowel soundShare the combined “mp” consonant soundActivity: Rhyme group game
25END RHYMEA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another lineHector the CollectorCollected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
26INTERNAL RHYMEA word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. `'Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door - Only this, and nothing more.’From “The Raven”by Edgar Allan Poe
27NEAR RHYME a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTHROSELOSEDifferent vowel sounds (long “o” and “oo” sound)Share the same consonant sound
28RHYME SCHEMEA rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)Activity: Rhyme Scheme group game
29SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME The Germ by Ogden Nash A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.abc
30Gotta Go! by Robert Pottle I gotta go! I gotta go! I’ll ask the teacher first. I gotta go! I gotta go! I think I’m gonna burst. I gotta go! I gotta go! I’d better raise my hand. I gotta go! I gotta go! But maybe I should stand.I gotta go! I gotta go! My hand is raised up high. I gotta go! I gotta go! I hope my pants stay dry. I gotta go! I gotta go! I’m really in a bind. I gotta go! I gotta— Uh-oh. Never mind.
31Roses are red. Violets are blue. Sugar is sweet. And so are you Poetry can be fun!!Roses are red.Violets are blue.Sugar is sweet.And so are youViolets are blue. Roses are pink. Put on your shoes, your feet really ____.—Bruce LanskyRoses are red. Violets are blue. Please flush the toilet after you’re _______.Roses are red. Asphalt is black. If you’re feeling hungry, I’ll give you a _____.
32To Rhyme or not to Rhyme?What I’d Cook for My Teacher (non-rhyming list poem)Rattlesnake stew centipede salad seaweed and jellyfish sandwich milk mixed with glue a-chooberry pie I hope the old bat doesn’t die!-Bruce Lansky – gigglepoetry.com
33To Rhyme or not to Rhyme?If I cooked hot lunch for my teacher, I would start out with rattlesnake stew. Then I’d serve her a centipede salad And a tall glass of milk mixed with glue Next, a seaweed and jellyfish sandwich For dessert, an a-chooberry pie. When my teacher finds out what she’s eaten, I hope the old bat doesn’t die.(A)(B)(C)(B)(D)(E)(F)(E)Rhyming patterns are recognized by labeling the sentences with letters-Bruce Lansky – gigglepoetry.com
34What is the pattern of our first poem? A poem is a little path That leads you through the trees. It takes you to the cliffs and shores, To anywhere you please. Follow it and trust your way With mind and heart as one, And when the journey's over, You'll find you've just begun.(A)(B)(C)(B)(D)(E)(F)(E)Rhyming patterns are recognized by labeling the sentences with letters-Bruce Lansky – gigglepoetry.com
35Acrostic Poems Believer Energetic Laughter Love Instigator Volatile EnthusiasticAttitudeUnderstanding