Cooperation Acute Conflict: 42 acute disputes in last 50 years (30 involved Israel, violence which ended in 1970) Treaties: 400 treaties negotiated and signed Conflict events: 507 conflict related events Cooperation: 1,228 cooperative agreements Does the rate of cooperation over international resources outweigh the incidence of acute conflicts?
Good and Bad Despite lack of violence, water acts as both an irritant and a unifier. water can make good relations bad and bad relations worse international waters can unify basins with relatively strong institutions
Conflict Resolution Without institutions to resolve conflict, unilateral action can heighten tensions and regional instability, requiring decades to resolve. Indus treaty took 10 years of negotiations the Ganges 30 years the Jordan 40 years
Worldwatch Institute Further information and references for the material in this presentation are available in the Worldwatch Institute’s publication “State of the World 2005” This presentation is based on Chapter 5 “Managing Water Conflict and Cooperation” authored by: Aaron T. Wolf, Annika Kramer, Alexander Carius, and Geoffrey D. Dabelko