Presentation on theme: "12.3 COLLAPSE OF RECONSTRUCTION. OPPOSITION TO RECONSTRUCTION KU KLUX KLAN Formed in 1866 “secret” society Used violence and intimidation Used economic."— Presentation transcript:
12.3 COLLAPSE OF RECONSTRUCTION
OPPOSITION TO RECONSTRUCTION KU KLUX KLAN Formed in 1866 “secret” society Used violence and intimidation Used economic warfare
Grant Administration Grant (Republican) wins 214 electoral votes to Seymour’s (Democrat) 80 NOTE: Grant only wins popular vote by 300,000 SIGNIFICANCE: The approx. 500,000 to 700,000 Freedmen’s votes swing election to Grant.
Grant Administration Grant – Popular soldier, inept (corrupt?) politician Grant’s Cabinet and Administration famous for graft, corruption and nepotism (his wife’s family) Despite, numerous scandals and charges of incompetence, Grant is reelected in 1872! Handles Panic of 1873 poorly
The Grant administration had already undergone the embarrassment of a slew of scandals—Credit Mobilier, Sanborn Contracts, Whiskey Ring, Navy Contracts, Emma Silver Mine, and others—in the fall 1876 elections, the Democrats attempt to impeach the president. Cartoon.asp?Month=June&Date=3
Compromise of 1877 Grant willing to run for 3 rd term, but Congress votes 233- to 18 on resolution to discourage him Republicans nominate Rutherford B. Hayes, veteran from Ohio Democrats nominate Samuel J. Tilden, reformer who convicted Tweed Tilden wins 184 of 185 needed votes, with 20 contested electoral votes. Tilden also wins popular vote.
Compromise of 1877 AKA the Hayes-Tilden deal Republicans controlled the electoral commission, and gave election to Hayes. To avoid conflict, North/Republicans offer to withdraw federal troops from Louisiana and South Carolina. Freedmen are abandoned for Northern political interests RECONSTRUCTION OFFICIALLY OVER
THE FAILURE OF RECONSTRUCTION: DISENFRANCHISEMENT, GRAFT, & COMPROMISE OF 1877 Reconstruction troubled with corruption of Grant Administration, scalawags and carpetbaggers KKK and secret societies intimidation Congress’ Force acts of 1870 and 1871 ineffective Jim Crow laws & intimidation disenfranchise blacks Black officials and representatives removed from office by “electorate” HOME RULE 1883: Supreme Court rules 1875 Civil Rights Act unconstitutional