3Problems In Italy After World War I Italy was exhausted, economically strained and vulnerable to political disorder.Italians were unemployed.Italy was high in national debts.Inflation was spiraling.Victor Emmanuel III was a inefficient ruler.Citizens were open to political change.movers/20th-1st2.htmVictor Emmanuel III
4Treaty of VersaillesItaly’s participation in the war gave them no respect at Versailles.Italy had not been given the land that is was promised at the secret Treaty of London.Treaty of London entitled Italy to obtain land.This helped to lead to unrest in many parts of Italy.
6Italian men marching in support of Fascism In 1919 after the war, Mussolini founded a new political organization called the fascists.Fascism is a system of government under a dictator. The government suppresses the opposition by terror and censorship and a policy of nationalism and racism.“Fascism conceives of the State as an absolute, in comparison with which all individuals or groups are relative, only to be conceived in their relation to the State.” – Benito Mussolinicomingsoon.htmlFascismItalian men marching in support of Fascism
8Mussolini Gains Control of Government Mussolini- Political Leader Mussolini promoted strong nationalism and patriotism.Mussolini spoke of the need for the Italian people to restore the glory of the ancient Roman Empire.In 1921, Mussolini and 34 of his associates were elected to the Italian Parliament.Mussolini- Political Leader
9Control of Government- “II Duce” or “the leader” In 1922…Mussolini ordered his followers, the “Black Shirts”, to participate in a march of Rome.King Victor Emmanuel III invited Mussolini to join a coalition and granted him a Fascist Cabinet – Strongly helped gain more power!Mussolini demanded the king appoint him Prime Minister and created a dictatorship.
10Mussolini attacked Ethiopia in 1936 causing race-consciousness in Italy to heighten. The invasion led to laws preventing interracial marriages.1938- Adopted anti-Jewish laws similar to those in Germany.1939- Mussolini made an alliance with Hitler and joined the German side in WWII.Italy- Post WWIIMussolini.htmlencarta.msn.com
111939- Fascists launched a campaign to conquer Albania, Italy was depleted of war material. Resulted in rationing of food and supplies in Italy.The army performed badly.Mussolini’s popularity plummeted.Italy During WWII
12Italy During WWIIThe Pact of Steel was signed by A. Hitler and B. Mussolini on May 22, 1939, formalizing the 1936 Rome-Berlin Axis agreement, linking the two countries politically and militarily.
13Allied forces landed in Sicily on July 10, 1943, Italy-Near End of WWIIprovoking rebellion in the Fascist ranks. On July 25 the Fascist Party’s governing body voted to hand executive power over to King Victor Emmanuel III, and the king had Mussolini arrested.
14Hitler ordered the rescue of his old ally, and on September 12, Mussolini was captured from his mountain prison.The Germans installed Mussolini as the leader of a new government called the Italian Social Republic in German Territory.Italy-Near End of WWIIwww-hoover.stanford.edu/.../ research/us7730_w_b.jpg
15Italians began to realize that many of Mussolini’s claims were not true. Many of Mussolini’s plans failed.Mussolini planned to make Italy self-sufficient and this made most things more expensive.Wages stayed low while prices raised.Fall of Mussolini
16While he grew more wheat there was less olive oils and fruits, which were important exports. Italians were worse of by the 1930s as the Great Depression hits the world.Italians did not like Mussolini’s association with Hitler, especially when he tried persecuting the Jews.Fall of Mussolini
17Death of a Dictator1945- the ranks of Italian resistance fighters swelled and the Allied armies advanced north, Mussolini fled toward Switzerland hidden by the German Army.April 27 Mussolini was captured by the Italian communist partisans.April 28 at Giulino di Mezzegra, Mussolini was executed with his mistress, Clara Petacci.rook.innercite.com/~lowe/ mussolini/muss1.jpg
18What were some of the problems that Italy faced after WWI? QuestionsWhat were some of the problems that Italy faced after WWI?Why did Italians feel betrayed by the Treaty of Versailles?What is fascism, and how did Mussolini gain control of the Italian government?How did Italy fare during WWII?What happened to Mussolini?
19Work Citedaccessed 5/30/03- This site is where we found the WWI picture from.accessed 5/30/03- This site provided the most information about all topics in our slideshow. This site is a basic summary of the rise of Mussolini.movers/20th-1st2.htm- accessed 5/31/03- This site had the picture of Victor Emmanuel III.accessed 5/30/03- This site had information and picture on the Treaty of Versailles.
20Work Cited5. comingsoon.html- accessed 5/30/03- This site had the information and picture about Fascism.6. -accessed 5/31/03- This contained all the information pertaining to Italy and WWII. This website has a lot of Information on many topics relating to WWII.7. Pics-accessed 3/31/03mussolini/muss1.jpgwww-hoover.stanford.edu/.../research/us7730_w_b.jpgMussolini.html