Presentation on theme: "Passive Fire Protection SEMINAR INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW."— Presentation transcript:
Passive Fire Protection SEMINAR INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW
“Checkmate contains fire!” The Company Formed: 1990 Offices: Yorkshire, London, Hampshire & agencies in Dubai & Bahrain Core Services Include: Intumescent Paint Spraying Firestopping Installation of Fire Barriers Drylining Air Sealing & Integrity Testing Fire Doors Fire Compliance Surveys
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The main issues Ensuring: PUBLIC BUILDINGS ARE FIRE SAFE BUILDINGS CAN PROVIDE A SAFE ‘MEANS OF ESCAPE’ PHASED HORIZONTAL EVACUATION CAN TAKE PLACE MINIMUM RISK TO FIRE & RESCUE SERVICES Protection to: VALUABLE & VITAL EQUIPMENT VITAL ACTIVITIES AN ORGANISATION’S VIABILITY AN ORGANISATION’S STANDING & REPUTATION AN INDIVIDUAL’S STANDING, REPUTATION & LIVELIHOOD
Progressive Horizontal Evacuation Why it is essential
Hospital Fire Blaze closes Chesterfield Royal Hospital A&E ward ‘for foreseeable future’ Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service battled for three hours to contain the blaze which spread to the first floor and broke through the roof. June 2011
Expensive but Useless!
Better Late Than Never?
What is The True Cost?
Two Important Questions Why are new buildings not always fire compliant? Why are fire compartments not always adequately maintained?
Less Resilience To Fire “It would not be unreasonable to assume that during the past decade, our commercial building stock has become less resilient to fire – and this goes some way to explaining the steep increase in fire losses”. Roy Watkinson Technical & Commercial Insurance Director, AXA Insurance Source: FRM Journal, March 2011
RC12-01 Inspection of Fire Stopping We recommend an inspection is conducted of all cable penetrations between floors and walls to ensure that there is adequate fire-stopping and fire compartmentation. The result on completion is the risk of fire spread between floors and adjoining areas will limit widespread damage. One company who can assist with the completion of this recommendation is Checkmate Fire Solutions. Contact details can be provided upon request. Protection of Property
Building Regulations Requirements “If a fire separating element is to be effective, every joint and imperfection of fit, or opening to allow services to pass through the element, should be adequately protected by sealing or firestopping so that the fire resistance of the element is not impaired” “Every compartment wall and compartment floor should form a complete barrier to fire between the compartments they separate and have the appropriate fire resistance”..... there should be continuity at the junctions of the fire-resisting elements enclosing a compartment and any openings from one compartment to another should not present a weakness” Building Regulations Approved Document B; B3 section 10
Traditional Build “Approved Document B was developed for easy and forgiving masonry construction..
Modern Build.. with modern methods of construction the room for error is small if not microscopic”. Dr Jim Glockling, Technical Director, Fire Protection Association
Structural movement in a fire
Typical Process A LOT OF INVOLVEMENT CLIENT FIRE ENGINEER – FIRE STRATEGY PLANNING / BUILDING CONTROL (FIRE & RESCUE?) PROJECT CONSULTANT (PROJECT TEAM?) MAIN CONTRACTOR ARCHITECT VARIOUS SUB-CONTRACTORS PRODUCT MANUFACTURERS? CLERK OF WORKS? BUILDING CONTROL CLIENTS FIRE SAFETY ADVISOR? CLIENTS RISK ASSESSOR ESTATES / FACILITIES MANAGER / FM COMPANY cost WHO HAS TAKEN RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE BUILDING’S STRUCTURAL FIRE COMPLIANCE? compliance
Lack of Monitoring
A ‘competitive tender’ issue?
Qualified... but not in fire stopping
Not Nearly Adequate!
Fire Tested Integrity
An Alternative Process Client Fire Engineer / Strategy 3rd party installer with LPCB Certification Fire Compliance Co- ordinator? cost compliance
Passive Fire Protection... designed & specified requires: Correct products Correct installation 3 rd Party accreditation Compartmentation management To last the lifetime of a building Fully Compliant
The BRE Approval process involves a whole series of rigorous checks which are on-going & it is because of this assessment process that the LPCB Approval Mark is recognised worldwide as a badge of quality for Passive Fire Protection Installation. 3 rd Party Accreditation
Quality Assured A complete paper trail
3 rd Party Inspection & Certification
Do all Fire Risk Assessments... Newspaper had been used to fill the gaps around the pipework.
investigate Ceiling Voids...
and Areas of Strategic Importance?
Air Sealing, Testing & Certification Compliance with BS ISO P1 Computer rooms Other areas of strategic importance Compliance with BS 5454: Recommendations for the storage & exhibition of archival documents Room Integrity Testing
Fire Doors “Even the simplest design of fire door can rarely tolerate error in installation and one hours fire resistance can easily be reduced to less than ten minutes, but you won’t necessarily be able to see the problem unless there is a fire.” Peter Barker, Chiltern International Fire
Fire Door Inspection & Remediation BEFORE
Fire Door Inspection & Remediation AFTER
Fire Door Inspection Scheme Achievement of First FDIS Diploma Improves Service to Clients Checkmate Fire Solutions Ltd Compliance Manager Clive Reilly, seen being presented with his diploma by Gary Amer, Chief Executive of the Guild of Architectural Ironmongers, is the first industry professional to have successfully passed the FDIS Diploma in Fire Doors. The Diploma is a key part of the recently launched scheme that aims to transform knowledge and understanding about the critical role of fire doors and is believed to be the first of its kind in Europe. Says Clive: “Since Checkmate introduced a service for the maintenance and management of fire doors we have been keen to have a qualification that proved our competence in this area. Taking the FDIS Diploma confirmed we knew a lot and also enabled us to rectify gaps in our knowledge, broadening our expertise, which will benefit our clients.”
The LPCB Certificate states that it only remains valid “providing that the passive fire protection is checked on an annual basis & any damage or defects rectified by a competent person in line with the Regulatory Reform Order 2005” On-going Inspection & Re-Certification
POOR MANAGEMENT - the consequences can be tragic Six killed in tower block blaze Three children and three adults have died after a fire swept through a tower block in south-east London. July 2009 Owners of fire death Penhallow Hotel to be prosecuted The owners of a Newquay hotel which caught fire, resulting in three deaths, are to be prosecuted for fire safety breaches, Cornwall Council says. Sep 2010
Staying Within The Law “Where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of relevant persons the responsible person must ensure that the premises and any facilities, equipment and devices provided in respect of the premises under this Order….. are subject to a suitable system of maintenance and are maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair.” Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
Fires destroy people’s lives Charges over Warwickshire firefighters' deaths Three Warwickshire fire service managers are to face charges of manslaughter by gross negligence over the deaths of four firefighters. Feb 2011 Arrests over Warwickshire warehouse fire which killed four firefighters. Feb 2011
“we need to deliver efficiencies and reduce waste in public spending, delivering an additional £ 5 billion of efficiency savings in ” John Denham, Secretary of State “Universities must reduce the administrative burden whilst maintaining proper accountability for the use of public funds, ensuring they make efficiency gains where possible” John Selby, Higher Education Funding Council Efficiency savings in the Public Sector