Presentation on theme: "IMPACT OF PARENTAL HIV/AIDS DEATHS ON AFRICAN CHILDREN AND FAMILIES Honors Project 2007. Lindsay Stortz."— Presentation transcript:
IMPACT OF PARENTAL HIV/AIDS DEATHS ON AFRICAN CHILDREN AND FAMILIES Honors Project 2007. Lindsay Stortz.
Why This? My Friend Nora George, a nurse in Cameroon Dire and Growing Need My experiences living in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya and starting my AIDS organization. Evidential foundation for hospice program in Cameron being started by nurse Ndikintum George
Sub-Saharan Africa & Cameroon UNAIDS, 2004 Orphans account for 15% of all children in Eleven nations. 20 million children orphaned by 2010 Cameroon has an HIV Prevalence of 5-9%
Questions When an African child loses her parents, what happens to the child and to the family? How do the economic difficulties that these children face impact their ability to grieve the loss of their parent? What is being done to help These children? What more should be done?
Method Impact to the child and family Used search term “AIDS orphans” Read and analyzed all of the research. Impact on the child’s grief Used search term “childhood bereavement” Read and analyzed all of the research. Included research on African culture and how it may impact the grief response of the child.
Social Impact 90% of orphaned are cared for in extended families May be abandoned by extended family May be maltreated May face stigma in wider society
Economic impact Adoptive households more likely to be poor. Caregiver likely to be elderly, female, HIV positive, which are risk factors for extreme poverty Unable to afford school fees Child Labor, sex work More likely to be malnourished
Childhood Grief Response Sad Angry Guilty May start acting younger than they are Will maintain a bond with deceased parent through memory and being “watched over” Interferes with Life Symptoms of PTSD Overwhelming guilt Suicidal thoughts Blames self for death NormalComplicated
The Tasks of Childhood Grief Understand the death Have their fears and anxieties addressed Reassurance they are not to blame Listened to and understood Feelings validated. Process their emotions of sadness, guilt, anger, etc.
Conclusion Socioeconomic problems put children at greater psychological risk Maltreatment puts children at greater psychological risk Combination of these factors, plus the grief the child is facing can lead to behavioral and emotional problems during childhood and into adulthood
Interventions Criteria: culturally appropriate, affordable, family- based Socioeconomic Capacity Building Counselors & Psycho-education Memory Boxes Succession Planning Support Groups
Limitations of The Research Africa is a very big and very diverse place! In Cameroon, 200 different Languages are spoken! English only Lack of available research on: grief of African children Interventions in Africa Double Orphans
Want to get involved?? World Vision: www.worldvision.org Fahari Ministries: Kenya AIDS alliance of Durham: www.aas-c.org DATA-Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa: data.org For more information visit www.unaids.org and KnowHivAids.org
Acknowledgements Eric Stortz, my wonderful husband, for his patience and for helping me get through it! Dr. Miles, my honors advisor, for all of her advice and encouragement George of Cameroon for his Commitment and his Help in teaching me About Cameroon, his nation.