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Monuments of Great Britain. One of the most famous European megalithic monuments, dating from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age. Megalith is located.

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Presentation on theme: "Monuments of Great Britain. One of the most famous European megalithic monuments, dating from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age. Megalith is located."— Presentation transcript:

1 Monuments of Great Britain

2 One of the most famous European megalithic monuments, dating from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age. Megalith is located at a distance of 13 km from the city of Salisbury in Wiltshire in southern England. Most likely, he was associated with the cult of the moon and the sun. Moon could symbolize a woman here, sun - man. Is composed of earthworks surrounding a large group of standing stones. Object 1986 is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Stonehenge

3 Is the official residence of the British monarch and at the same time the world's largest royal palace still fulfilling its original function. The official London residence of the Queen. On the square in front of the palace since 1913 is a monument to Queen Victoria. Buckingham Palace

4 Palace of Westminster Place of meetings of both chambers of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (the House of Lords and House of Commons). The palace is located in London, in the City of Westminster, on the left bank of the River Thames. The oldest existing today part of the palace, Westminster Hall, was founded in 1097. Most of the present structure of the palace dates from the nineteenth century, when the palace was rebuilt after a fire in 1834. Architect responsible for the reconstruction was Sir Charles Barry, and the current appearance of the palace is an example of neo-Gothic style. One of the most famous part of the palace is the clock tower, located famous tourist attraction, the clock and bell Big Ben.

5 Freshwater lake located in Scotland, with a length of about 37 km. It is situated at a height of 16 m above sea level, south- west of the city of Inverness. It is the largest water reservoir in the tectonic line known as the Great Glen, which runs north from Inverness to Fort William in the south. Loch Ness is one of many interconnected lakes of Scotland, which were created in places carved by glaciers during the last ice age. Transparency Loch Ness water is low, which is due to high content of peat in the ground adjacent to the lake. Loch Ness is the second largest Scottish lake. On the south - western end of the lake, near Fort Augustus, is the only island of Loch Ness - Cherry Island. It is an example of " crannog ", an artificial island created by a man from the Iron Age period. Popularity Loch Ness monster owes known as " Nessie", allegedly residing its depths. It is the most famous lake in Scotland. Loch Ness

6 Is the official residence of the Monarch of the United Kingdom in Scotland. Located at the bottom of the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, at the opposite end to Edinburgh Castle, Holyrood Palace has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scots since the 16th century, and is a setting for state occasions and official entertaining. The Palace of Holyroodhouse

7 Bascule bridge in London One of the most famous landmarks in London, built in the Victorian style. His story began in 1872, when the English parliament considered a bill on the construction of the second bridge over the Thames. Despite the objections raised by the management of the castle Tower of London Act was passed. Erected, however, a condition that has been met, the style of the bridge has to harmonize with the style of a castle. Architect of his was Horace Jones, who then applied a trendy design: steel frame encased in stone in the Gothic style. The bridge was completed in 1894. It is a drawbridge, allowing the passage of ocean-going vessels to about 40.5 meters in height above the water level. During the first years was opened up to 6,000 times a year now only 1,000 times per year. Tower Bridge

8 Is one of the most powerful and oldest fortresses in Britain. It is not only the symbol of Edinburgh but throughout Scotland. Fortress is located on top of a monumental rocky promontory (120 meters above sea level) in the city center. History of the first signs of fortifications at the top of the castle dates back to the ninth century BC The greater part of the present walls of the building dates from the sixteenth century, with the notable exception being the Chapel of the Holy. Margaret from the early twelfth century. This chapel is now the oldest building in Edinburgh. Edinburgh Castle is one of the few existing fortresses, which have their own military garrison. Today, however, it is mainly used during the ceremony and the official parade of the Scottish army. Edinburgh Castle

9 Castell Caernarfon Medieval fortress in the Principality of Gwynedd, north-west Wales Primordial residence type motte was replaced in the thirteenth century, the great gothic castle, which today forms the southern part of the historic part of the city fortifications Caernarfon Seiont located between the river and the Menai Strait at the mouth the Irish Sea. The property belongs to the team of castles and city walls in Gwynedd, which in 1986 was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

10 Anglican cathedral in the Diocese of Durham Romanesque. In the year 995 after having been brought to the relics of St. Durham. St. Cuthbert and the skull. Oswald local church became a place of pilgrimage. Then commenced the construction of the cathedral, which is currently the only church in England, preserved almost in its original form given by Norman builders. Durham Cathedral

11 Residence of the kings of England, located in Windsor (Berkshire county in England). Together with Buckingham Palace in London and Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh is one of the official residences of the British monarch. Queen Elizabeth II spends many weekends at the castle during the year, as here, both official and private guests. Windsor Castle is the largest inhabited castle in the world. The surface area is approximately 45 000 m². Windsor Castle

12 Tower of London Defensive structure and palace monarchs of England, although the last of the kings of England, who benefited from it is James I (1566-1625). It was built in 1078 for William the Conqueror. Tower of London was a prison from which there was no escape apparently, because the entrance was right on the water - swim-up boats and there were carried prisoners to a cell. Among others, were imprisoned here of King Henry IV of England, Queen Anne Boleyn, Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Lady Jane Grey, sailor Walter Raleigh, in 1941, Rudolf Hess.

13 Giant's Causeway Original rock formation on the coast of Northern Ireland (County Antrim) consisting of tightly stacked basalt columns.

14 The palace and gardens of Chatsworth

15 The Shambles A medieval street in York, considered the most beautiful in the whole of the UK.

16 Source:,duze- zdjecie,3,top_10_najwiekszych_atrakcji_turystycznych_w_wielkiej_brytanii.html wikipedia made by Joanna Włodarska THE END

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