Presentation on theme: "Investment Policy Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Investment Policy Development Lee CarterGary PorterNCCMT
2 Cash Management And Investment Policies Considered essential by LGC staff (and national GFOA)WrittenMust consider NCGS and AG memos – unit can be more restrictive, but not more liberalStandards of careLegal protectionObjectives – safety, liquidity, yieldBoard adoptionWhat funds are covered?
3 Who Approves The Policy? Board?How specific is what the board approves?What supporting documents are included?
4 Cash Management And Investment Policies – What Goes In Each? How do we get the cash?What do we do with it while it is here?How do we send it on its way?How do we protect it?How do we tell people what has been done?
5 How Do We Get The Cash (Cash Receipts)? Collection policiesLockboxesBilling systemsCycle billingRemote deposit captureCustomer depositsDelinquent account collectionsJoint property tax collectionACH drafts
6 What Do We Do With The Cash While It Is Here? Authorized investmentsMaturity limitationsConcentration requirementsAuthorized institutionsCash flow forecastsBank RFPsCentral depository account / pooled internal investment fund
7 How Do We Send The Cash On Its Way (Cash Disbursements)? Methods of paymentDirect deposit for payrollPositive payPreaudit requirements
8 How Do We Protect The Cash? Insurance and collateralizationCustody and safekeepingInternal controlsFidelity bondsInternal and external reviews / audits
9 How Do We Tell People What Has Been Done (Monitoring & Reporting)? LGC 203 reportsAudited financial statementsReports to management and the boardInvestment Committee?How often is reporting done?Performance benchmarks
10 GASB 40 – Connection To The Cash Management and Investment Policy Importance of board approvalBoard-approved policiesNo board-approved policies5 risks reportedCredit riskInterest rate riskCustodial credit riskConcentration riskForeign currency risk
11 In What Ways Do We Incorporate The Policy Into Our Operations Signed trading agreementsCounterparties sign statements that they have read documentsGovernments as institutional investorsSupporting documents – custodial agreements, broker-dealer questionnaires, analysis of financial institutions, etc.
12 Investment Trading Relationship Agreement County of GuilfordInvestment Trading Relationship AgreementIn consideration of and as a prerequisite to conducting investment business with the Countyof Guilford, North Carolina, the undersigned investment/financial institution (hereinafter referredto as “FIRM”) agrees to the following terms and conditions:ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT SECURITIES – The FIRM acknowledges that it has receivedand is familiar with the Cash management and Investment Policy of the County of Guilford andthe North Carolina General Statutes governing the investments which are eligible for purchaseby local government in North Carolina. The FIRM agrees to offer no investment to the Countythat is not an authorized investment under the County’s Cash Management and InvestmentPolicy and the N.C. General Statutes, including the N.C. Attorney General’s interpretationsthereof. The FIRM certifies that it will inform the County if any instrument offered for purchasequalified institution within the meaning prescribed in the County’s Cash Management andInvestment Policy and understands that this agreement is void in the event it ceases to bequalified to conduct business with the County.CONFIRMATION AND MONTHLY STATEMENTS – The FIRM agrees that it will sendconfirmation on every transaction promptly to the following address:Guilford County Finance DepartmentAttention: Clay HicksPO Box 3427Greensboro, NC 27402DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS – The FIRM agrees to deliver securities to the County’ssafekeeping account # with First Citizens Bank Trust Department, delivery versuspayment. Standard delivery instructions are attached.AUTHORIZED COUNTY REPRESENTATIVES – The FIRM will recognize only theindividuals listed in the “Authorized Representative” attachment in the transactions with theCounty.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – The FIRM agrees to send a quarterly statement of financialposition and an audited annual financial statement to the County Finance Director within areasonable period after each business period.CANCELLATION – This agreement may be canceled upon written notification by the FIRMor by the County. The agreement is automatically canceled if the FIRM ceases to be a qualifiedinstitution within the meaning prescribed by the County’s Cash Management and InvestmentPolicy.
13 Guilford County – cont.Scope - Applies to all financial assets of Guilford County except authorized trust funds administered by Social Services and Mental HealthObjectivePreservation of capital in overall portfolioProvide sufficient cash needs of County’s various operationsAttain a fair market rate of returnResponsibilityFinance Officer is charged with responsibility of cash management and investmentHe/she may delegate one or more members of staff to perform these functionsAuthorized Investments – Attached a copy of NCGSRepo agreements must be collateralized and placed in 3rd party safekeepingCP & BA’s no more than 35% of total portfolio, no single issuer more than 15% of portfolioNo maturities > 5 years; total maturities >1 year no more than 50% of portfolioCompetitive Bidding when possible, not normally less than 3 bids, documentation retained for 2 years.
14 City of DurhamAll funds except retirement, foundation or endowment assets managed by external advisorsObjectives in order of priority: Safety, Liquidity and YieldSafetyCredit Risk – minimized by limiting investment types, pre-qualifying financial institutions, broker/dealers, intermediaries and advisors. Diversifying the portfolio to minimize impact of potential loss from one individual issuer.Market Risk – The City will minimize market risk or the risk that liquidation value of portfolio will change due to changes in interest rates, by:Matching cash flows to avoid having to sell.Investing operating funds primarily in shorter term investments, MMF’s or local government investment pool.Liquidity - remain sufficiently liquidTo meet all operating requirements that may be reasonably anticipatedAccomplished by structuring maturities concurrently with cash needsMaintain cash equivalent investments (demand accounts, money market funds, local government investment pool) as liquidity buffer.Portfolio should consist mainly of securities with active secondary markets.Yield – Objective is a market rate of return through budgetary and economic cycles; return is secondary to safety and liquidity, investments should generally be held to maturity except for declining credit quality, swaps or liquidity needs.
15 City of Durham – cont.Local Considerations – Funds may be invested for the betterment of the local economy. The City may accept a proposal from an eligible institution which provides for a reduced rate of interest provided deposited funds are documented for community development projects.Minority and Community Financial Institutions – A waiver of certain parts of criteria may be granted and all relationships disclosed prior to purchase and consistent with state and local law.Diversification % of PortfolioUS Treasuries and Agencies 90%NC State & Local Bonds 75%Time Deposits 90%Commercial Paper 25% Port./ 5% per issuerBA % Port./ 5% per issuerNCCMT/Pool %Repo 25% exclusive of bond proceedsMBS % Port./ 10% per securityCallables 50%
16 City of Durham – cont. Maximum Maturity – try to match cash flows No more than 5 yearsMax. WAM (weighted average maturity) – 30 monthsReserve funds – may go > 5 years if matched to use of fundsDiscretionary Managers – May contract with discretionary managers with approval of City Manager; still under , but not constrained by this policy.Reporting – No less than quarterly reporting with market values included.
17 Town of Cary – *adopted by Council Objectives –Safety, Liquidity, YieldTo link long-term financial planning with short-term operations.To protect the Town from emergency financial crisis by ensuring continuance of service.Policy –Preserve capital and invest to provide highest return with maximum security while meeting cash flow.“Prudent Person” Rule – discourages speculative transaction and attaches primary significance to preservation of capital and secondary importance to generation of income. Staff is relieved of personal responsibility for credit risk and price changes if acting in accordance with the policy. Deviations must be reported immediately.Diversification is required that would limit losses on individual securities so as not to exceed the income generated on the remainder of the portfolio.Objective of Market Rate of Return while minimizing risk and retaining liquidity.
18 Town of Cary (cont.) – *adopted by Council Employees will refrain from personal activities that could conflict with proper execution of investment program.Delivery vs. Payment (DVP) with 3rd party custodial agent in Town’s name.Attempt to match investments with anticipated cash flows. Beyond cash flows, stagger maturities to avoid concentration in single maturity range.Maximum Maturity – 5 years, 10 years for repo collateralTry to Hold To MaturityReporting – Quarterly
19 City of BurlingtonPreserve capital and invest for highest return and maximum security while meeting cash flow requirements of the City.All assets including bond proceeds.Prudent Person RuleObjectives – Safety, Liquidity, YieldSafety of Principal – preservation of capital in overall portfolioDiversification – Required in order that potential losses on individual securities do not exceed income generated from the remainder of the portfolio.Liquidity – maintained through the use of structured maturities and marketable securities.Market Return – while minimizing risk and retaining liquidityConflicts of Interest – Employees will subordinate personal investment transactions to the City’s.At no time will the total investment portfolio be invested in a single financial institutionStagger MaturitiesHold-to-Maturity – may sell or trade prior to maturityInterest Allocation – allocated monthly based on average cash balance in each fund as a percentage of the pooled portfolio.Reporting – Quarterly reporting listing investment type, cost, market value, maturity date, yield, average portfolio yield.
20 Town of Wake Forest – Incorporated as part of the Fiscal Policy Guidelines with Capital Improvement Budget Policies, Debt Policies, Reserve Policies and Budget Development PoliciesIncluded underUse Central Depository to maximize availability of cash.Cash flows forecasted and incorporated into investments.No less than 20% will be liquid at any point in time.Maximum maturity monthsCustody – DVP and in name of the Town by 3rd party custodianAuthorized Investments – Board approved official depository if secured under 159(31), also: NCCMT, US Treasuries, Agencies, under 159 rated no lower than AAA plus CP under 159 plus having a national bond rating.Diversification – No more than 5% in any one issuer of CP and no more than 20% in CP total. No more than 25% in any one US Agency.Interest Allocation – based on fair and equitable formula set by finance officerReporting – Board will receive the semi-annual LGC 203 report
21 Mecklenburg CountyIn the event of default by a specific issuer, the Investment Officer shall review and if appropriate, proceed to liquidate securities having comparable credit risks.Total CP investments s/b no more than 50% of total portfolio and the lesser of $10,000,000 or 10% of portfolio with one issuer.No maturity > 5 years.
22 Town of ButnerEligible investments under but further limited to: CD’s, NCCMT, MMDA’sMaturities should coincide with short-term and long-term needs of the Town.If matching bids are made, institutions will be allowed to submit an upset bid. If they don’t or bids remain tied, the Town will choose the institution holding the lowest amount of Town funds.
23 City of Morganton Diversification Limits by Instrument % of Portfolio US Treasuries 100%US Agencies (fully guaranteed) 100%CP, BA %Repo %CD Bank 100%S&L %NCCMT %Further (by Institution)BA’s No more than 25% with any one institutionCP No more than 25% with any one institutionRepo No more than 15% with any one institutionCD’s No more than 50% with any one institutionNCCMT No more than 50% of total portfolioMaturities – should coincide with cash flow needsUnder 270 days 50%Under 1 year 75%Under 3 years 100%
24 City of King – approved by Council At least three (3) institutions shall be solicited, if possible, to insure greater return.Maturities – Generally the Finance Officer will not allow investment securities with terms >180 days to exceed 25% of portfolio balance at time of purchase.To minimize credit risk, at no time shall all securities be invested in a single institution.
25 City of ClintonHas a good “Definitions” sections at the beginning of policy document.Eligible Investments under further limited to:CD’s with approved banksNCCMTInterest bearing checking accounts (see #1 above)Selection:Maturity should coincide with cash needs.Rate of interest s/b at equivalent to average rate of return in marketplace.Reducing RiskCredit Risk - To reduce credit risk, investments shall be diversified by:Limiting over-concentration in securities of a specific issuer or business sector (excluding US Treasuries) andLimiting investment in securities that have higher credit risks.
26 City of Clinton – cont. Reducing Risk (cont.) 2. Interest Rate Risk – To reduce interest rate risk, investments shall be diversified by:Investing in securities with varying maturities, andContinuously investing a portion of the portfolio in readily available funds such as a mutual fund for local government investment certified by the Local Government Commission pursuant to GS (c)(8), currently The North Carolina Capital Management Trust.Reporting – Monthly reporting with listing of security, maturity date and percentage of total portfolio with each type of investment represented.