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By: Blair Cullen, MA Candidate, Trent University.

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1 By: Blair Cullen, MA Candidate, Trent University

2 1. Limited interest from Regional Municipality 2. Lack of a Regional Approach 3. Disconnected governance between sectors involved in settlement and integration 4. No Welcome Centers 5. Minimal settlement and integration infrastructure

3 1. Fully Committed Regional Municipality 2. Region-Wide Settlement Strategy 3. Connected governance between sectors involved in settlement and integration 4. Two Welcome Centers 5. Multi-dimensional settlement and integration infrastructure

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5 Local Immigration Partnerships (LIPs): “the mechanism through which CIC supports the development of community ‐ based partnerships and planning around the needs of newcomers. LIPs seek to engage various stakeholders in a locally ‐ driven strategic planning process including employers, school boards, health centers and networks, boards of trade, levels of government, professional associations, ethno ‐ cultural organizations, faith ‐ based organizations, and the community and social services sectors. The partnership council’s main goal is to oversee the development of a local settlement strategy and targeted action plan to produce a more welcoming and inclusive community (CIC 2011, 6).” Distinguishing Features: Upper-Level Government Funding, Municipal Involvement, Mandate

6 Libraries School BoardsMunicipalities Faith Organizations Settlement Service Agencies Health Local Training Boards Economic Development Local Immigration Partnership Council

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8 MunicipalityPopulation Durham Region608,124 Pickering88,721 Ajax109,400 Whitby122,022 Oshawa149,607 Clarington84,548 Uxbridge20,623 Scugog21,569 Brock11,341 Source: Statistics Canada 2011

9 Source: Statistics Canada 2006

10 51 Interviews (May 2012-August 2012) with the following sectors: 12 Ethno-Cultural Organizations 8 Municipalities 8 Libraries 5 Employment Service Organizations 4 Faith-Based Organizations 3 School Boards 3 Consultants 1 Settlement Service Agency * In some organizations, multiple people interviewed

11 ILLUSTRATION OF CHANGE IN COMMITMENT LEVEL  Resisted addressing diversity for decades, should be “community-based rather than government driven.”  Committed to Diversity Committee in December 2007  Shortly after (Feb. 2008), applied for a LIP, citing demographic change & changing economy  Regional Government reports demonstrate availability of upper-level government funding played significant role in commitment level to diversity

12 Outdated Ethno-Cultural Directory Multi-Media Web Based Portal Short-Lived Multicultural Durham Newspaper The Citizen Quarterly Newsletter Regional Infrastructure Supported by Upper-Level Government Funding

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14  Infrastructure development has helped ease governance between and within sectors  Breaking down Sectoral and Municipal silos  Increased interaction between ‘specific’ and ‘non-specific’ organizations  Height of collaborative governance is CIC Modernization Proposal Process Different Colours Represent Sectors Collaborating

15  Durham Region Consortium of Partners Serving Immigrants submitted application in 2007, denied in 2008  Re-submitted during CIC modernization process, successful  Success in part attributed to ‘maturity,’ development of LDIPC illustrated  According to participants, LDIPC played a fundamental role in acquisition

16  Majority of participants noted a noticeable increase in attention/profile of immigration & diversity issues  Increased Awareness 2-Fold: 1. Awareness of other services 2. Self-Awareness to address diversity inter- organizationally  “Its about no longer relying on settlement organizations to put out settlement fires (participant from leading settlement service agency)” Settlement AgenciesMunicipalities Employment Services Faith- Based/Ethnic Organizations Local Training Board System of Organizations Role in Settlement/ Integration

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18  Ethno-cultural organizations reported the lowest awareness rates and have received fewest benefits from LDIPC  Reasons for this unknown especially given role they play in settlement process (Cullen & Clow 2011)  One participant believed it was because of LDIPC’s focus on ‘service providers’

19  Regional representation has been achieved.  Regional participation and awareness has proved more difficult.  Complicated by regional/local municipal framework, LDIPC has brought together suburban municipalities, semi- rural/rural remain a challenge

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21 FROST CENTRE FOR CANADIAN STUDIES AND INDIGENOUS STUDIES, TRENT UNIVERSITY


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