Presentation on theme: "Office of Global Health and HIV (OGHH) Office of Overseas Programming & Training Support (OPATS) Maternal and Newborn Health Training Package Session 7:"— Presentation transcript:
Office of Global Health and HIV (OGHH) Office of Overseas Programming & Training Support (OPATS) Maternal and Newborn Health Training Package Session 7: Postnatal Care for the Mother and Essential Newborn Care
How many women die in the postpartum period and why? In 2013, 289,000 women died during pregnancy or childbirth Postpartum causes of maternal mortality include hemorrhage (bleeding), sepsis (infection of the genital tract) and infection HIV-positive mothers are at greater risk of postpartum maternal death than HIV- negative women
How many newborns die? Each year, 3 million newborn babies die About two-thirds of infant deaths occur in the first month of life Of those who die in the first month, about two-thirds die in the first week of life Of those who die in the first week of life, two- thirds die in the first 24 hours of life
Why do newborns die? 4 out of 5 newborn deaths result from three preventable and treatable causes: complications from preterm birth (including prematurity and low birth weight) complications during childbirth (including birth asphyxia – deprivation of oxygen to a newborn infant) newborn infections
Premature & Low Birth Weight (LBW) Babies Each year, 15 million babies are born preterm and 32.4 million babies are born too small for gestational age: may be preterm or fullterm Preterm birth and being small for gestational age are the reasons for LBW LBW contributes to 60% to 80% of all neonatal deaths Preterm birth occurs due to multiple pregnancies, infections, and chronic conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure LBW stems primarily from poor maternal health & nutrition
Quiz answers Q ,000 women Q 2. hemorrhage (bleeding), sepsis (infection of the genital tract) or infection Q 3. 3 million newborns Q 4. prematurity, low birthweight, birth asphyxia or other complications, infections Q 5. Multiple pregnancies, infections and chronic conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure Q 6. Poor maternal health, poor maternal nutrition
Post Adaptation Briefly review country statistics on postnatal maternal deaths, newborn deaths and premature and LBW babies as appropriate
Postpartum care and services 1.Identifying danger signs indicating the need to seek care 2.Nutrition counseling and services 3.Healthy behaviors 4.Birth spacing and postpartum family planning (PPFP) counseling 5.Support for early and exclusive breastfeeding and counseling for breastfeeding problems 6.PMTCT; special attention should be given to mothers who are HIV+ 7.Emotional and psycho-social support to reduce stress and prevent depression
Essential Newborn Care Essential newborn care includes: Immediate care at birth Care during the first day (24 hours) Care up to 28 days
Reading Task: Essential Newborn Care Handout Take 5 minutes to read this handout. As you read: Circle any points needing further explanation and clarification. Name 3 ways that you could use this information on essential newborn care in your work with counterparts; for example, community health workers.
Postnatal Visits and Home Visits for the Newborn: Where and When Where: facility, outreach services, home care visits by trained health worker or combination When: If home birth, visit to a health facility for postnatal care as soon as possible after birth. If not feasible, home visit schedule by a skilled attendant – First home visit ASAP, not later than 24 hours after birth – Second home visit on day 3 – Third home visit on day 7 – Extra contacts for babies needing special care (low- birth weight, etc.)
Post Adaptation Share country-specific policies, guidelines and protocols for postnatal visits and who performs these. If Volunteers support postnatal visits, share information.
Post Adaptation: Postnatal Care Programs and Volunteer Work Describe relevant country-specific programs on: – Postnatal care, including postnatal visits – Counseling and education of mothers and family members on danger signs – Post-partum family planning – Referral systems pertinent to post-natal care; how a newborn or mother with danger signs are referred – What postnatal care is provided at what level – Communication efforts and campaigns regarding postnatal care Share information on current or potential role of Volunteers in postnatal care at different levels of the continuum of care – household, community and outreach, health facilities
Volunteers and support for postnatal care Volunteers can support postnatal care at all levels – Families play an important role; health outcomes determined by household decisions – CHWs often tasked to conduct postnatal visits; play crucial role to bridge health facility services and families; must be supported by a strong referral system – Community-based activities help address postnatal care of mothers and newborns