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TURISMO, TERRITORIO E ESPECULAÇÃO WORLD SOCIAL FORUM ANOTHER TOURISM IS POSSIBLE January 31st, 2009 Belém, Brasil René Schärer Fórum em Defesa da Zona.

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Presentation on theme: "TURISMO, TERRITORIO E ESPECULAÇÃO WORLD SOCIAL FORUM ANOTHER TOURISM IS POSSIBLE January 31st, 2009 Belém, Brasil René Schärer Fórum em Defesa da Zona."— Presentation transcript:

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2 TURISMO, TERRITORIO E ESPECULAÇÃO WORLD SOCIAL FORUM ANOTHER TOURISM IS POSSIBLE January 31st, 2009 Belém, Brasil René Schärer Fórum em Defesa da Zona Costeira do Ceará

3 About the presentation We will look: at the importance of THE environment and landscape for the quality OF LIFE of COASTAL communities AT CaseS of resort development in brasil in the States of ceará, bahia and rio grande do norte AT the difference between tourism and real estate (tourism) speculation for second residences AT Global climate, human and natural disaster impact on coastal zone AT Alternatives of responsible tourism MAKE Conclusions and PROPOSE actions

4 NATURAL AND SCENIC PATRIMONY There are laws that protect scenery and citizen rights. Civil society must use the law and participate in decisions which cause irreversible environmental and social impacts. The new generation is passing through a change of values discussing the environment and sustainable development and so is the behaviour and expectation of todays tourist, values nautural beauty and cultural wealth of the world. If we don´t value our natural, históric and cultural heritage, what will we leave to our grandchildren and great-grandchildren. It is up to us to defend against the greedy speculators.

5 PRAINHA DO CANTO VERDE, BRASIL

6 PALM ISLAND DUBAI, UAE

7 the red card Nobody more qualified then Jost Krippendorf, who died in 2003, to present the Red Card for Tourism at the WSF 2002 in Porto Alegre. Just like the rainforest is worth more, standing up; Coasts and rivers need to be valued and protected.........not destroyed. Courtesy: www.akte.ch Switzerland

8 JOST KIPPENDORF* The main objective for tourism police has to be to allow leisure and spiritual activities for a great number of people in a preserved natural environment with touristical equipment for the visitors, but, always considering the interest of the people of the region. He recomends to tourism planners: The future of tourism depends much more on the conservation of the scenery, then maximizing of tourism development. Making it clear that conservation of the environment needs to have priority over considerations of a technical or economical nature. * 1938 - 2003

9 THE CASE OF CEARÁ -PRODETUR CEARÁ – IDB / INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT TO DEVELOP TOURISM -HARBOUR OF PECÉM WITH STEEL WORKS, REFINERY AND HEAVY INDUSTRY -INTENSIVE SHRIMPFARMING ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS - WEALTH CONCENTRATION AND SPECULATION -LOSS OF SCENERY -EXCESSIVE WATER USE (RIO SAN FRANCISCO) -CONTAMINATION OF COASTAL WATERS -MARGINALIZATION OF COASTAL POPULATION - NEGLECT OF VALUABLE ARTISANAL FISHERY

10 NORTHEAST BRASIL 33 RESORTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL REAL ESTATE MARKET PROPOSED INVESTMENTS US$ 4,3 BILLIONS

11 THE RESORTS OF CEARÁ NOVA ATLANTIDA BLOCKED BY LAW RESORT DO PIRATA COMMUNITY RESISTENCE AQUIRAZ BEACH RESORT COMMUNITY VICTORY AQUIRAZ RIVIERA BEACH BLOCKED BY LAW CUMBUCO GOLF RESORT BLOCKED BY LAW VILA GALÉ GOLF RESORT EMBARGO IBAMA PLAYA MANSA RESORT BLOCKED BY LAW BOA VISTA RESORT MACEIO COMMUNITY RESISTENCE PORTO CANOA CLOSED DEFEAT OF INTERNATIONAL REAL ESTATE PROMOTERS BY PEOPLE RESISTENCE WITH LEGAL WEAPONS

12 RESORT PORTO CANOA, CEARÁ CLOSED NATURAL DUNES DESTROYED WHO WILL RECOVER DEGRADED ENVIRONMENT?

13 THE CASE OF BAHIA PRAIA DO FORTE TO SAUÍPE COAST PRAIA DO FORTE COSTA SAUIPE IBEROSTAR MEGA RESORTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL REAL ESTATE MARKETS

14 COSTA SAUIPE BAHIABAHIA BRASIL

15 ODEBRECHT CONSTRUCTION COMPANY MINORITY INVESTOR 2% WITH FEDERAL LAND GIGANTIC CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT OWNER OF COSTA SAUIPE SA. IS BANK OF BRAZIL EMPLOYEE PENSION FUND (PREVI) INVESTMENT OF 1,5 BILLION REAL 10 YEARS ACUMULATED LOSS OF 15 MILLION US$ 2008 - COSTA SAUIPE IS PUT UP FOR SALE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY COSTA SAUIPE SA. DOESN´T CONFIRM, BUT HIGHEST OFFER IS 200 MILLIONS OF REAL, POSSIBLY BY INVESTMENT GROUP FROM DUBAI NATURE / LOCAL COMMUNITIES NEGATIVE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

16 THE CASE OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE GRAND NATAL GOLF LET THE BRASILIAN MAGIC SEDUCE YOU Ronaldo 14 Hotels and 5 golf courses 41.595 apartment/housing units = Population 166.000 50m2 from US$ 50.000 – US$ 200.000 US$ 1.500.00 per square meter construction 90% of buyers are europeans 100.000 JOBS PROMISED TRASH, SANITATION AND WATER (Local Government!) 33% of populatin of Natal have no access to sanitation 31% of residences of Natal have no trash collection SPANISH REAL ESTATE COMPANY PROJECT BLOCKED BY LAW

17 GRAND NATAL GOLF RESORT brought to you by: Ronaldo Antônio Bandeira Melanie Griffith http://www.grandnatalgolf.com

18 MORE SPECULATION WITH DAVID BECKHAM AND SARAH FERGUSON: CABO DO SÃO ROQUE (NORWAY) ELEGANCE NATAL GOLF (SPAIN) LAGOA DO COELHO RESORT (PORTUGAL PALMEIRA GOLF RESORT (ICELAND) JACUMÃ BEACH RESORT (SPAIN) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- REAL ESTATE PROJECTS NORTH COAST OF RIO GRANDE DO NORTE: 100 PROJECTS NEXT TEN YEARS, 120.000 HOUSING UNITS US$ 2,5 BILLION INVESTMENTS

19 SECOND RESIDENCE FROM RETIREMENT BOOM TO PURE REAL ESTATE SPECULATION: 1950: RETIREE MIGRATION TO SPAIN, FLORIDA AND CARRIBEAN 1980: ASIA AND LATINAMERICA 2000: LARGE SCALE ATTACK ON CENTRAL, SOUTH AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Land per m2*: Brasil Espanha R$ 3.000 R$ 10.000 * constructed

20 LEGISLATION SECOND RESIDENCE * Brazil: no restrictions Switzerland: Law Koller (1958) restricts land purchase for foreigners not residing in the country Austria: Law in the alpine region of Tyrol limits second residence to 8% of total residential buildings, needs to be included in zoning plan. Spain: The laws have become very restrictive after all the destruction there. Here in Brasil it is wonderful, like a willing and complacent young virgin, you can do what you want Esteban de la Cruz, executive of Iberostar, Spain * To reduce Kalte Betten = cold beds = Camas frias

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22 2008 2108 WITH GLOBAL WARMING PHOTO COURTESY GREENPEACE, SPAIN MURCIA, SPAIN TODAY

23 ANOTHER TOURISM IS POSSIBLE COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM -Prainha do Canto Verde TODO Award Winner 1999 www.prainhadocantoverde.org -TUCUM Community Tourism Network, CEARÁ www.tucum.org -TURISOL Brazilian Community Tourism Network www.turisol.wordpress.com TIME SHARE – Tourism and Ownership Instead of buying your home in one place, you share with other owners in a variety of resorts Successful example: www.hapimag.com/eng/Start.htm

24 CONCLUSIONS AND ACTIONS: 1.PARTICIPATE OF THE DEBATE to come 2. DOWNLOAD COMPLETE TEXT IN PORTUGUESE WITH ENGLISH ABSTRACT FROM: www.terramar.org.br 3. Pre-register to participate in the construcion of a global coast and river network THANK YOU

25 COSTAL AND RIVER ACTION NETWORK Global Action Program against de destruction of environmental and socially precious ocean and river regions UNDER CONSTRUCTION Your organisation can register the intent of participation by sending e-mail with half page description of the organisation and its objectives and your website to: turisolcom@yahoo.com.br

26 REDE DE AÇAO - RIOS E COSTAS Programa global contra a destruição de ambiental e socialmente importantes regiões de oceanos e rios SOB CONSTRUÇÃO Registre a sua intenção de participação enviando um e-mail com descrição de meia pagina da sua organização e objetivos e a sua pagina web para: turisolcom@yahoo.com.br

27 SANTA CATARINA AMAZONIA

28 CEARÁ BAHIA

29 PRAINHA DO CANTO VERDE PONTA GROSSA C E A R Á

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